Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Lateglacial and early Holocene vegetation development and fluvial system changes in the northern Meuse valley, the Netherlands: a review of palynological data

  • W.Z. Hoek (a1), E.I. Lammertsma (a1) (a2), S.J.P. Bohncke (a3), J.A.A. Bos (a4), F. Bunnik (a2), C. Kasse (a3), J. Schokker (a2) and W. Westerhoff (a2)...

This study provides an overview of existing palynological and chronological data of the northern Meuse valley which have been collected over recent decades. The palynological data were used to make a vegetation reconstruction in time and space for the Lateglacial and early Holocene. The vegetation development is strongly influenced by the rapid climate changes that occurred during this time period. It is shown that the biostratigraphy can be used to provide better age estimates for the abandoned channel fills, which have been dated in most cases using conventional bulk 14C dates. Furthermore, the combination with a geomorphological reconstruction based on AHN (actual height model of the Netherlands) lidar data has been used to evaluate the interactions between fluvial terrace formation and vegetation development. It appears that, although the vegetation development is comparable to the general vegetation development in the Netherlands, slight differences occur, in particular of the vegetation composition, presumably linked to the dynamic geomorphological activity in the Meuse valley. Finally, the spatial distribution of sites may give indications for the migration routes of pine (Pinus) and poplar (Populus) during this period of rapid vegetation development over the Last Glacial–Interglacial Transition.

Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email:
Hide All


Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S.J.P. Bohncke , 1993. Lateglacial environmental changes in the Netherlands: spatial and temporal patterns. Quaternary Science Reviews 12: 707717.

S.J.P. Bohncke & W.Z. Hoek , 2007. Preboreal oscillations as recorded in a calcareous gyttja: different proxies and different timing. Quaternary Science Reviews 26: 19651974.

J.A.A. Bos , 2001. Lateglacial and Early Holocene vegetation history of the northern Wetterau and Amöneburger Basin (Hessen), central-west Germany. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 115: 177212.

J.A.A. Bos , D.J. Huisman , P. Kiden , W.Z. Hoek & B. van Geel , 2005. Early Holocene environmental change in the Kreekrak area (Zeeland, SW-Netherlands): a multi-proxy analysis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 227: 259289.

J.A.A. Bos , S.J.P. Bohncke & C.R. Janssen , 2006. Lake level fluctuations and small-scale vegetation patterns during the Lateglacial in The Netherlands. Journal of Paleolimnology 35: 211238.

J.A.A. Bos , B. van Geel , J.H. van der Plicht & S.J.P. Bohncke , 2007. Preboreal climate oscillations in Europe: wiggle-match dating and synthesis of Dutch high-resolution multi-proxy records. Quaternary Science Reviews 26: 19271950.

W.Z. Hoek , 2000. Abiotic landscape and vegetation patterns in the Netherlands during the Weichselian Late Glacial. Geologie en Mijnbouw / Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 79: 497509.

W.Z. Hoek , 2001. Vegetation response to the ~14.7 and ~11.5 ka cal. BP climate transitions: is vegetation lagging climate? Global and Planetary Change 30: 103115.

W.Z. Hoek & S.J.P. Bohncke , 2002. Climatic and environmental events over the Last Termination, as recorded in the Netherlands: a review. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences / Geologie en Mijnbouw 81: 123137.

M. Huisink , 1997. Lateglacial sedimentological and morphological changes in a lowland river in response to climatic change; the Maas, southern Netherlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 12: 209224.

M. Huisink , 1999. Lateglacial river sediment budgets in the Maas valley, The Netherlands. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 24: 93109.

C. Kasse , M. Huisink , W.Z. Hoek & J. Vandenberghe , 2000. Comment: Fluvial incision and channel downcutting as a response to Lateglacial and early Holocene climate change: the lower reach of the River Meuse (Maas), the Netherlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 15: 9194.

C. Kasse , W.Z. Hoek , S.J.P. Bohncke , M. Konert , J.W.H. Weijers , M.L. Cassee & R.M. van der Zee , 2005. Late Glacial fluvial response of the Niers-Rhine (western Germany) to climate and vegetation change. Journal of Quaternary Science 20 (4): 377394.

C. Kasse , D. Vandenberghe , F. De Corte & P. Van den Haute , 2007. Late Weichselian fluvio-aeolian sands and coversands of the type locality Grubbenvorst (southern Netherlands): sedimentary environments, climate record and age. Journal of Quaternary Science 22: 695708

J.J. Lowe , S.O. Rasmussen , S. Björck , W.Z. Hoek , J.P. Steffensen , M.J.C. Walker , Z.C. Yu & the INTIMATE group, 2008. Synchronisation of palaeoenvironmental events in the North Atlantic region during the Last Termination: a revised protocol recommended by the INTIMATE group. Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 617.

J.C.G. Schwan , 1988. The structure and genesis of Weichselian to Early Holocene aeolian sand sheets in Western Europe. Sedimentary Geology 55: 197232.

L.A. Tebbens , A. Veldkamp , W. Westerhoff & S.B. Kroonenberg , 1999. Fluvial incision and channel downcutting as a response to Lateglacial and early Holocene climate change: the lower reach of the river Meuse (Maas), the Netherlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 14: 5975.

R.T. van Balen , R.F. Houtgast , F.M. van der Wateren , J. Vandenberghe & P.W. Bogaart , 2000. Sediment budget and tectonic evolution of the Meuse catchment in the Ardennes and the Roer Valley Rift System. Global and Planetary Change 27: 113129.

R.T. van Balen , R.F. Houtgast & S.A.P.L. Cloetingh , 2005. Neotectonics of The Netherlands: a review. Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (3): 439454.

J.F. Vandenberghe , C. Kasse , S.J.P. Bohncke & S. Kozarski , 1994. Climate related river activity at the Weichselian–Holocene transition: a comparative study of the Warta and Maas rivers. Terra Nova 6: 476485.

B. van Geel , S.J.P. Bohncke & H. Dee , 1981. A palaeoecological study of an upper Late Glacial and Holocene sequence from ‘De Borchert’, the Netherlands. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 31: 367448.

B. van Geel , G.R. Coope & T. van der Hammen , 1989. Palaeoecology and stratigraphy of the Lateglacial ype section at Usselo (the Netherlands). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 60: 25130.

J. van Huissteden & C. Kasse , 2001. Detection of rapid climate change in the Last Glacial fluvial successions in the Netherlands. Global and Planetary Change 28: 319339.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Netherlands Journal of Geosciences
  • ISSN: 0016-7746
  • EISSN: 1573-9708
  • URL: /core/journals/netherlands-journal-of-geosciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Type Description Title
Supplementary Materials

Hoek supplementary material
Appendix B

 PDF (72 KB)
72 KB
Supplementary Materials

Hoek supplementary material
Appendix C

 PDF (6.2 MB)
6.2 MB
Supplementary Materials

Hoek supplementary material
Appendix A

 PDF (81 KB)
81 KB


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 19 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 77 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 28th April 2017 - 24th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.