Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Multidimensional homophily in friendship networks*

  • PER BLOCK (a1) and THOMAS GRUND (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

Homophily—the tendency for individuals to associate with similar others—is one of the most persistent findings in social network analysis. Its importance is established along the lines of a multitude of sociologically relevant dimensions, e.g. sex, ethnicity and social class. Existing research, however, mostly focuses on one dimension at a time. But people are inherently multidimensional, have many attributes and are members of multiple groups. In this article, we explore such multidimensionality further in the context of network dynamics. Are friendship ties increasingly likely to emerge and persist when individuals have an increasing number of attributes in common? We analyze eleven friendship networks of adolescents, draw on stochastic actor-oriented network models and focus on the interaction of established homophily effects. Our results indicate that main effects for homophily on various dimensions are positive. At the same time, the interaction of these homophily effects is negative. There seems to be a diminishing effect for having more than one attribute in common. We conclude that studies of homophily and friendship formation need to address such multidimensionality further.

Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
*

The collection of the DyNet data used in this research was supported by Award Number R01HD052887 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute Of Child Health & Human Development. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute Of Child Health & Human Development or the National Institutes of Health. The collection of the ASSIST data used in this research was funded by the project “Social Network Analysis of Peers and Smoking in Adolescence (SNAPS)” funded by the Medical Research Council of the UK.

Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C. Alexander , M. Piazza , D. Mekos , & T. Valente (2001). Peers, schools, and adolescent cigarette smoking. Journal of Adolescent Health, 29 (1), 2230.

W. J. Burk , C. E. G. Steglich , & T. A. B. Snijders (2007). Beyond dyadic interdependence: Actor-oriented models for co-evolving social networks and individual behaviors. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31 (4), 397404.

M. Checkley , & C. Steglich (2007). Partners in power: job mobility and dynamic deal-making. European Management Review, 4 (3), 161171.

J. A. Davis (1970). Clustering and hierarchy in interpersonal relations: Testing two graph theoretical models on 742 sociomatrices. American Sociological Review, 35 (5), 843851.

W. De Nooy (2002). The dynamics of artistic prestige. Poetics, 30 (3), 147167.

S. L. Feld (1981). The focused organization of social ties. American Journal of Sociology, 86 (5), 10151035.

S. L. Feld (1982). Social structural determinants of similarity among associates. American Sociological Review, 47 (6), 797801.

D. Felmlee , S. Sprecher , & E. Bassin (1990). The dissolution of intimate relationships - a hazard model. Social Psychology Quarterly, 53 (1), 1330.

L. Festinger , & H. A. Hutte (1954). An experimental investigation of the effect of unstable interpersonal relations in a group. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 49 (4), 513522.

M. Granovetter (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78 (6), 13601380.

T. Grund , & J. Densley (2012). Ethnic heterogeneity in the activity and structure of a black street gang. European Journal of Criminology, 9 (4), 388406.

T. L. Huston , & G. Levinger (1978). Interpersonal attraction and relationships. Annual Review of Psychology, 29, 115156.

A. Knecht , T. A. B. Snijders , C. Baerveldt , C. E. G. Steglich , & W. Raub (2010). Friendship and Delinquency: Selection and Influence Processes in Early Adolescence. Social Development, 19 (3), 494514.

K. Lewis , M. Gonzalez , & J. Kaufman (2012). Social selection and peer influence in an online social network. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (1), 6872.

H. Louch (2000). Personal network integration: transitivity and homophily in strong-tie relations. Social Networks, 22 (1), 4564.

J. M. McPherson , & L. Smithlovin (1987). Homophily in voluntary organizations - status distance and the composition of face-to-face groups. American Sociological Review, 52 (3), 370379.

M. Pearson , & L. Michell (2000). Smoke rings: social network analysis of friendship groups, smoking and drug-taking. Drugs-Education Prevention and Policy, 7 (1), 2137.

D. R. Schaefer , O. Kornienko , & A. M. Fox (2011). Misery does not love company. American Sociological Review, 76 (5), 764785.

T. A. B. Snijders (2005). Models for longitudinal network data. In P. Carrington , J. Scott , & S. Wasserman (Eds.), Models and methods in social network analysis (Ch. 11). New York: Cambridge University Press.

C. Steglich , P. Sinclair , J. Holliday , & L. Moore (2012). Actor-based analysis of peer influence in A Stop Smoking in Schools Trial (ASSIST). Social Networks, 34 (3), 359369.

C. Steglich , T. A. B. Snijders , & M. Pearson (2010). Dynamic networks and behaviour: Separating selection from influence. Sociological Methodology, 40, 329393.

H. Tajfel (1974). Social identity and intergroup behavior. Social Science Information Sur Les Sciences Sociales, 13 (2), 6593.

M. A. J. van Duijn , E. P. H. Zeggelink , M. Huisman , F. N. Stokman , & F. W. Wasseur (2003). Evolution of sociology freshmen into a friendship network. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 27 (2–3), 153191.

L. M. Verbrugge (1977). Structure of adult friendship choices. Social Forces, 56 (2), 576597.

C. Werner , & P. Parmelee (1979). Similarity of activity preference among friends - those who play together stay together. Social Psychology, 42 (1), 6266.

A. Wimmer , & K. Lewis (2010). Beyond and below racial homophily: ERG models of a friendship network documented on facebook. American Journal of Sociology, 116 (2), 583642.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Network Science
  • ISSN: 2050-1242
  • EISSN: 2050-1250
  • URL: /core/journals/network-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 83 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 434 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.