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  • Cited by 7
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

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Of Epistemic Tools: musical instruments as cognitive extensions

  • Thor Magnusson (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355771809000272
  • Published online: 01 August 2009
Abstract

This paper explores the differences in the design and performance of acoustic and new digital musical instruments, arguing that with the latter there is an increased encapsulation of musical theory. The point of departure is the phenomenology of musical instruments, which leads to the exploration of designed artefacts as extensions of human cognition – as scaffolding onto which we delegate parts of our cognitive processes. The paper succinctly emphasises the pronounced epistemic dimension of digital instruments when compared to acoustic instruments. Through the analysis of material epistemologies it is possible to describe the digital instrument as an epistemic tool: a designed tool with such a high degree of symbolic pertinence that it becomes a system of knowledge and thinking in its own terms. In conclusion, the paper rounds up the phenomenological and epistemological arguments, and points at issues in the design of digital musical instruments that are germane due to their strong aesthetic implications for musical culture.

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Corresponding author
E-mail: thor@ixi-audio.net
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M. L. Anderson 2003. Embodied Cognition: A Field Guide. Artificial Intelligence 149: 91130.

O. Bertelsen S. Bødker 2003. Activity Theory. In John Carroll (ed.) HCI Models, Theories and Frameworks. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 291324.

R. A. Brooks 1991. Intelligence Without Representation. Artificial Intelligence Journal 47: 139159.

J. S. Brown , A. Collins P. Duguid 1989. Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning. Educational Researcher 18(1): 3242.

A. Clark 2003. Natural-Born Cyborgs: Minds, Technologies, and the Future of Human Intelligence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

A. Clark D. Chalmers 1998. The Extended Mind. Analysis 58(1): 719.

N. K. Hayles 1999. How We Became Posthuman. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

D. Ihde 1979. Technics and Praxis. Dordrech: D. Reidel Publishing Company.

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Organised Sound
  • ISSN: 1355-7718
  • EISSN: 1469-8153
  • URL: /core/journals/organised-sound
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