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Instructions for authors

Journal aims and scope

Personality Neuroscience is a fully Open Access journal that publishes papers in the neuroscience of personality (including cognitive abilities, emotionality, and other individual differences) concerned with understanding causal bases. Empirical papers focussed on the interface between personality and neuroscience are encouraged using any approach (e.g., experimental, longitudinal, genetic, genomic, gene expression, and epigenetic). Cross-sectional and largely correlational studies are considered only if they are highly robust, well-powered, and innovative. Methodologies include, but are not limited to, neuroimaging, transcranial stimulation, genetics, pharmacological manipulation, evolutionary theory and statistical/psychometric modelling, as well as newly emerging approaches. Developmental and clinical applications, including patient data, are welcomed, as are studies linking systematic individual differences in neural systems to individual differences in important life outcomes. Non-human primate and animal studies may be submitted as the value of translational research is recognised. Studies that seek to integrate different areas of research are especially encouraged (e.g., personality and decision science). In addition to Empirical Papers, Personality Neuroscience publishes Review Papers, typically entailing systematic reviews, but all innovative papers reporting new theory or methodology are considered. Short Communications are also welcomed, as are Letters. All submissions are evaluated in terms of their contribution to advance the field of Personality Neuroscience.

Personality Neuroscience aims to be the primary outlet for publications on the neuroscience of individual differences in all its various guises. This includes the interplay of neural systems and environmental processes – the journal seeks to encourage a greater integration of these two, often separated, perspectives (e.g., gene by environment effects on personality). Through its focus on the equal importance of personality and neuroscience, Personality Neuroscience aims to enable the work of personality neuroscientists who no longer have to trade-off one side of this coin for the other in the search for a suitable publication outlet.

Submitting your manuscript

Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure that you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions to authors provided below. Manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously, and that it is not currently being considered by another journal. Authors must also confirm that each author has seen and approved the contents of the submitted manuscript.

All material to be considered for publication should be submitted via the online submission system. Queries outside of direct submission can be submitted to the Editor at

Please note that APC waiver requests should be submitted to the publisher prior to submission.

Peer review policy: Personality Neuroscience uses a double blind review process, with each paper being peer reviewed by 2-3 reviewers. After an editorial decision is made, an email containing the comments from the reviewers and the editor will be sent to the author.

Acceptable file types: Only electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, and XLS. Please do not submit tables as image files. Please also refer to additional guidelines on submitting artwork below.

Article types: Manuscript types published by Personality Neuroscience include Empirical Papers, Review Papers, Short Communications, and Letters, as stipulated in the Aims and Scope. Each is described below in the Manuscript Preparation section.

Artwork, figures and other graphics:  All figures and tables should be supplied in separate files, with tables supplied as editable files onlyResolution: halftone images must be saved at 300 dpi at approximately the final size. Line drawings should be saved at 1000 dpi, or 1200 dpi if very fine line weights have been used. Combination figures must be saved at a minimum of 600 dpi. Cambridge recommends that only TIFF, EPS, or PDF formats are used for electronic artwork. For more detailed guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format please see the Cambridge Journals Artwork Guide.


Personality Neuroscience now requires that all corresponding authors identify themselves using ORCID when submitting a manuscript to the journal. ORCID provides a unique identifier for researchers and, through integration in key research workflows such as publication and grant applications, provides the following benefits:

  • Discoverability: ORCID increases the discoverability of your publications, by enabling smarter publisher systems and by helping readers to reliably find work that you’ve authored.
  • Convenience: As more organisations use ORCID, providing your ID or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID profile, and will save you re-keying information multiple times.
  • Keeping track: Your ORCID profile is a neat place to record and display (if you choose) validated information about your research activities.

If you don’t already have an ID, you’ll need to create one if you decide to submit a manuscript to the journal. You can register for one directly from your user account on ScholarOne or Editorial Manager or via If you already have an ID, please use this when submitting by linking it to your ScholarOne user account. Simply log in to your account using your normal username and password. Edit your account by clicking on your name at the top right of the screen and from the dropdown menu, select 'E-Mail / Name'. Follow the instructions at the top of the screen to update your account.

A list of FAQ about Cambridge University Press's use of ORCID can be found here. Answers to technical questions relating to how the ORCID system works can be found here:

Manuscript preparation

Language: Cambridge recommends that authors have their manuscripts checked by an English language native speaker before submission; this will ensure that submissions are judged at peer review exclusively on academic merit. Cambridge University Press partners with American Journal Experts to provide a high quality service to authors. More information can be found here. Use of this service is entirely voluntary and does not guarantee acceptance, nor does its use require authors to later submit to a Cambridge journal.

Papers can be submitted in either American or British English.

All papers submitted must contain line numbers. Up to three levels of headings are allowed. Please indicate what level each heading should be. 


Although discretion is allowed, authors should fulfil the criteria set out by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

In the process of submitting the article through the Personality Neuroscience ScholarOne system, the corresponding author is prompted to provide further details about contributions to the article using the CRediT taxonomy. People who have contributed to the article but do not meet the full criteria for authorship should be recognised in the acknowledgements section; their contribution can be described in terms of the CRediT taxonomy.

Our default position is that the corresponding author has the authority to act on behalf of all co-authors, and we expect the corresponding author to confirm this at the beginning of the submission process.

Author contact details: Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email and mailing address. Full author names and academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. 

Title page:

The title page must include:

  1. 1. The title of the article, which should be concise but informative
  2. 2. Initials and last name of author (or appropriate style)
  3. 3. Name of department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed
  4. 4. Name, mailing address and email address of author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript
  5. 5. A shortened version of the title consisting of no less than 45 characters (including spaces)
  6. 6. Abstract
  7. 7. Keywords
  8. 8. Acknowledgements
  9. 9. Financial support
  10. 10. Conflicts of Interest statement

Abstract: Each paper must contain an abstract of no more than 250 words, and should be a continuous paragraph including the aim, materials and methods used in the paper, results, and conclusions.

Keywords: Each manuscript should be accompanied by 3-5 relevant keywords.

Acknowledgements: You may acknowledge individuals or organisations that provided advice and support (non-financial). Formal financial support and funding should be listed in the following section.

Financial Support:  Authors must include a Funding Statement in their title page. Within this statement please provide details of the sources of financial support for all authors, including grant numbers, for example: “Funding Statement: This work was supported by the Medical Research Council (grant number XXXXXXX)”. Grants held by different authors should be identified as belonging to individual authors by the authors’ initials, for example: “Funding Statement: This work was supported by the Wellcome Trust (AB, grant numbers XXXX, YYYY), (CD, grant number ZZZZ); the Natural Environment Research Council (EF, grant number FFFF); and the National Institutes of Health (AB, grant number GGGG), (EF, grant number HHHH).” Where no specific funding has been provided for research, you should include the following:

“Funding Statement: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.”

Conflicts of Interest: Conflicts of Interest are situations that could be perceived to exert an undue influence on an author’s presentation of their work. They may include, but are not limited to, financial, professional, contractual or personal relationships or situations. Your manuscript must include a statement reporting any Conflicts of Interest. This statement should be placed on the Title Page. Conflicts of Interest do not necessarily mean that an author’s work has been compromised. Authors should declare any real or perceived Conflicts of Interest in order to be transparent about the context of their work. If the manuscript has multiple authors, the author submitting the title page must include Conflicts of Interest declarations relevant to all contributing authors. 

Example wording for your Conflicts of Interest declaration is as follows: “Conflicts of Interest: Author A is employed at company B. Author C owns shares in company D, is on the Board of company E and is a member of organisation F. Author G has received grants from company H.” If no Conflicts of Interest exist, your declaration should state “Conflicts of Interest: None”. Should your manuscript be accepted, it will be published at the end of the text of the manuscript before the References are listed.  Please download and complete the disclosure form of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), generate the disclosure statement, and insert this into your manuscript. Note each individual author should use the ICMJE disclosure form to generate the wording of their declarations. Authors should then add these declarations into their title page before submission. Where no known Conflicts of Interest exist, please include the following statement: “[Author] has nothing to disclose.”

The completed ICMJE form should be saved for your records. 

Supplementary Material: If the author has material that may be useful to the reader, but not essential to understanding the article, this can be supplied as supplementary material. Supplementary materials are peer reviewed but will not be copyedited or typeset, so they should be supplied exactly as they are to appear online – care should be taken to make them as comprehensible as possible. The supplementary material should be supplied as a separate file, and should be referenced in the article. Types of supplementary material include, but are not limited to, images, videos, podcasts, and slideshows. A statement should be added after the Conflicts of Interest statement to read:

“Supplementary Material

For supplementary material accompanying this paper, visit"

The link will be replaced by your article’s DOI during the production process.

References, notes, and in-text citations: The journal follows the current version of the American Psychological Association (APA) style for both references and in-text citations. More information can be found at and on their blog ( References should include a DOI whenever possible, in the format

Article types

There are two main paper types accepted. Empirical Papers report original studies, while Review Papers entail systematic reviews, especially meta-analyses. We invite papers focussing on theoretical, methodological, and applied issues. We also welcome Short Communications and Letters, which would need to be on a topic of high importance requiring rapid dissemination. The Journal will consider special issues and invited proposals. Authors should contact the Editor if they think their submission may fall outside these categories.

Permissions: Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures, or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. A copy of the paperwork granting permission should be provided to the Cambridge production editor. You may be asked to pay a permissions fee by the copyright holder; any permissions fees must be paid for by the author. For an example of a permissions request form please see the Cambridge Journals Artwork Guide.

After acceptance

First proofs: First proofs will be emailed to the corresponding author after acceptance. Contributors should ensure that they are available to check their first proofs and answer any queries that have arisen during copyediting and typesetting.

Supplying corrections: Authors should mark up the corrections to their article by electronically annotating the PDF. Full details on where to send corrections will be given in the first proof email. Please note that it is the author’s responsibility to check the proof carefully; errors not found may appear in the published article. Authors will receive a link to the PDF of their final article, along with a shareable link.

For more details on the Cambridge production process see the comprehensive set of FAQs

Open Access

All articles published by Personality Neuroscience are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication under an Open Access Creative Commons license. Authors must complete and return a licence to publish form once their article has been accepted for publication.

More information can be found here.

Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines

The following standards are based on those proposed by the Center for Open Science (COS). For questions on compliance, please contact the editorial office.

Citation Standards: All data, program code and other methods should be appropriately cited. Such materials should be recognized as original intellectual contributions and afforded recognition through citation.

1. All data sets and program code used in a publication should be cited in the text and listed in the reference section.

2. References for data sets and program code should include a persistent identifier, such as a Digital Object Identifier (DOI). Persistent identifiers ensure future access to unique published digital objects, such as a text or data set. Persistent identifiers are assigned to data sets by digital archives, such as institutional repositories and partners in the Data Preservation Alliance for the Social Sciences (Data­PASS).

3. Data set citation example:

a. Campbell, Angus, and Robert L. Kahn. American National Election Study,

i. 1948. ICPSR07218­v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter­university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999.

Data, Analytic Methods (Code), and Research Materials Transparency: The policy of Personality Neuroscience is to publish papers where authors indicate whether the data, methods used in the analysis, and materials used to conduct the research will be made available to any researcher for purposes of reproducing the results or replicating the procedure.

1. Authors must, in acknowledgments or the first footnote, indicate if they will or will not make their data, analytic methods, and study materials available to other researchers.

2. If an author agrees to make materials available, the author must specify where that material will be available. 

Replication: The policy of Personality Neuroscience is to encourage submission of replication studies, particularly of research published in this journal.

Other information

Ethical Standards: Personality Neuroscience adheres to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on research and publications ethics.

Where research involves human and/or animal experimentation, the following statements should be included (as applicable) in the Methods section: “The authors assert that all procedures contributing to this work comply with the ethical standards of the relevant national and institutional committees on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008” and “The authors assert that all procedures contributing to this work comply with the ethical standards of the relevant national and institutional guides on the care and use of laboratory animals.” Articles reporting randomised trials must conform to the standards set by the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) consortium. Authors are also required to abide by the ICMJE guidelines regarding informed consent.

Personality Neuroscience and Cambridge University Press take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism, or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked using duplication-checking software. Where an article is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article (removing it from the journal); taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; banning the author from publication in the journal, or appropriate legal action. 

For further information on Cambridge's Ethical Guidelines, please visit these pages: Publication Ethics and Ethical Standards.

Clinical trials: As a condition of consideration for publication, registration of clinical trials in a public trials registry is required. A clinical trial is defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (in accordance with the definition of the World Health Organisation) as any research project that prospectively assigns human participants or groups of humans to one or more health-related interventions to evaluate the effects on health outcomes. Registration information must be provided at the time of submission, including the trial registry name, registration identification number, and the URL for the registry.

Continuous publication: Personality Neuroscience benefits from a continuous publication format. Completed articles are assigned an e-number and are published in an open volume, closed at the end of each year. Once an article has been published online, it is considered to be in its final format and no changes can be made.

Digital preservation policy: Cambridge University Press publications are deposited in the following digital archives to guarantee long-term digital preservation:

  • CLOCKSS (journals)
  • Portico (journals and books)

Further information: Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Editor at


Personality Neuroscience now requires that all corresponding authors identify themselves using their ORCID iD when submitting a manuscript to the journal. ORCID provides a unique identifier for researchers and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript submission and grant applications, provides the following benefits:

  • Discoverability: ORCID increases the discoverability of your publications, by enabling smarter publisher systems and by helping readers to reliably find work that you’ve authored.
  • Convenience: As more organisations use ORCID, providing your iD or using it to register for services will automatically link activities to your ORCID record, and will enable you to share this information with other systems and platforms you use, saving you re-keying information multiple times.
  • Keeping track: Your ORCID record is a neat place to store and (if you choose) share validated information about your research activities and affiliations.

If you don’t already have an iD, you’ll need to create one if you decide to submit a manuscript to Personality Neuroscience. You can register for one directly from your user account on Scholar One or via If you already have an iD, please use this when submitting, either by linking it to your Scholar One account or supplying it during submission by using the “Associate your existing ORCID ID” button.

Last updated 2 January 2020