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From Representative Democracy to Participatory Competitive Authoritarianism: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan Politics

  • Scott Mainwaring (a1)

The study of Latin American politics has always generated great new research questions, and within Latin America, no country's experience has generated more interesting questions than Venezuela since the election of Hugo Chávez in 1998. Contemporary Venezuela raises fascinating questions about the collapse of a highly institutionalized party system and the erosion or breakdown of what had been the third-oldest democracy outside of the advanced industrial democracies. What accounts for these stunning developments? What can we learn from them? These issues go to the core of important developments in Latin American politics, and they are major issues for comparative political scientists beyond Latin America.

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Michael Coppedge . 2005. “Explaining Democratic Deterioration in Venezuela through Nested Inference.” In The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Advances and Setbacks, ed. Frances Hagopian and Scott Mainwaring . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 289320.

Henry Dietz , and David Myers . 2007. “From Thaw to Deluge: Party System Collapse in Venezuela and Peru.” Latin American Politics and Society 49(2): 61.

Kirk A. Hawkins 2010a. Venezuela's Chavismo and Populism in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kirk A. Hawkins 2010b. “Who Mobilizes? Participatory Democracy in Chávez's Bolivarian Revolution.” Latin American Politics and Society 52(3): 3166.

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Miriam Kornblith . 2005. “Elections versus Democracy.” Journal of Democracy 16(1): 124–37.

Steven Levitsky , and Lucan Way . 2010. Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Guillermo O'Donnell . 1993. “On the State, Democratization, and Some Conceptual Problems: A Latin American View with Glances at some Postcommunist Countries.” World Development 21(8): 1355–69.

Aníbal Pérez-Liñán . 2007. Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Adam Przeworski , Michael E. Alvarez , José Antonio Cheibub , and Fernando Limongi . 2000. Democracy and Development: Political Institutions and Well-Being in the World, 1050–1990. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Martín Tanaka . 2006. “From Crisis to Collapse of the Party System and Dilemmas of Democratic Representation: Peru and Venezuela.” In The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes, ed. Scott Mainwaring et al. Standford: Standford University Press, 4777.

Kurt Weyland . 2009. “The Rise of Latin America's Two Lefts: Insights from Rentier State Theory.” Comparative Politics 41(2): 145–64.

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Perspectives on Politics
  • ISSN: 1537-5927
  • EISSN: 1541-0986
  • URL: /core/journals/perspectives-on-politics
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