Appadurai, Arjun. 2004. “The Capacity to Aspire.” In Culture and Public Action , ed. Rao, Vijayendra and Walton, Michael. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Auerbach, Adam Michael. 2016. “Clients and Communities: The Political Economy of Party Network Organization and Development in India’s Urban Slums.” World Politics 68(1): 111–48.
Auerbach, Adam Michael. 2017. “Neighborhood Associations and the Urban Poor: India’s Slum Development Committees.” World Development 46: 119–35.
Auerbach, Adam Michael. 2020. Demanding Development: The Politics of Public Goods Provision in India’s Urban Slums. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Auerbach, Adam Michael and Thachil, Tariq. 2018. “How Clients Select Brokers: Competition and Choice in India’s Slums” American Political Science Review 112(4): 775–91.
Auyero, Javier. 2000. Poor People’s Politics: Peronist Survival Networks and the Legacy of Evita. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Bates, Robert. 1981. Markets and States in Tropical Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Baviskar, Amita. 2003. “Between Violence and Desire: Space, Power, and Identity in the Making of Metropolitan Delhi.” International Social Science Journal 55(175): 89–98.
Behl, Natasha. 2019. Gendered Citizenship: Understanding Gendered Violence in Democratic India. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Berenschot, Ward. 2010. “Everyday Mediation: The Politics of Public Service Delivery in Gujarat, India.” Development and Change 41(5): 883–905.
Berenschot, Ward. 2018. “The Political Economy of Clientelism: A Comparative Study of Indonesia’s Patronage Democracy.” Comparative Political Studies 51(12): 1563–93.
Bhan, Gautam, Goswami, Amlanjyoti and Revi, Aromar. 2014. “The Intent to Reside.” State of the Urban Poor Report. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Bohlken, Anjali Thomas. 2016. Democratization from Above: The Logic of Local Democracy in the Developing World. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Brinkerhoff, Derick, Wetterberg, Anna and Wibbels, Erik. 2018. “Distance, Services, and Citizen Perceptions of the State in Rural Africa.” Governance 31: 103–24.
Bussell, Jennifer. 2019. Clients and Constituents: Political Responsiveness in Patronage Democracies. New York: Oxford University Press
Campbell, Andrea. 2003. How Policies make Citizens: Senior Political Activism and the American Welfare State. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Chatterjee, Partha. 2004. The Politics of the Governed. New York: Columbia University Press.
Chauchard, Simon. 2017. Why Representation Matters: The Meaning of Ethnic Quotas in Rural India. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Corbridge, Stuart, Williams, Glyn, Srivastava, Manoj and Véron, René. 2005. Seeing the State: Governance and Governmentality in India. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Evans, Alice. 2018. “Politicising Inequality.” World Development 110: 360–72.
Hacker, Jacob and Pierson, Paul. 2019. “Policy Feedback in an Age of Polarization.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 685(1): 8–28.
Hardgrave, Robert and Kochanek, Stanley. 2008. India. Boston: Thomson Wadsworth.
Harriss, John. 2005. “Political Participation, Representation, and the Urban Poor.” Economic and Political Weekly 40(11): 1041–54.
Holland, Alisha. 2018. “Diminished Expectations: Redistributive Preferences in Truncated Welfare States.” World Politics 70(4): 555–94.
Jenkins, Rob and Manor, James. 2017. Politics and the Right to Work: India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. New York: Oxford University Press.
Jha, Saumitra, Rao, Vijayendra and Woolcock, Michael. 2007. “Governance in the Gullies: Democratic Responsiveness and Leadership in Delhi’s Slums.” World Development 35(2): 230–46.
Kapur, Devesh and Mehta, Pratap. 2007. Public Institutions in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kohli, Atul. 1990. Democracy and Discontent: India’s Growing Crisis of Governability. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Krishna, Anirudh. 2002. Active Social Capital: Tracing the Roots of Development and Democracy . New York: Columbia University Press.
Krishna, Anirudh, ed. 2008. Poverty, Participation, and Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Krishna, Anirudh. 2011. “Gaining Access to Public Services and the Democratic State in India.” Studies in Comparative International Development 46: 98–117.
Krishna, Anirudh and Bajpai, Devendra. 2011. “Lineal Spread and Radial Dissipation: Experiencing Growth in Rural India, 1993–2005.” Economic and Political Weekly 46(38): 44–51.
Krishna, Anirudh and Schober, Gregory. 2014. “The Gradient of Governance: Distance and Disengagement in Indian Villages.” Journal of Development Studies 50(6): 820–38.
Kruks-Wisner, Gabrielle. 2018a. Claiming the State: Active Citizenship and Social Welfare in Rural India. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kruks-Wisner, Gabrielle. 2018b. “The Pursuit of Social Welfare: Citizen Claim-Making in Rural India.” World Politics 70(1): 122–63.
Lerner, Daniel. 1958. The Passing of Traditional Society. New York: The Free Press.
Lipset, Seymour Martin. 1959. “Some Social Requisites of Democracy.” American Political Science Review 53(1): 69–105.
Locke, Richard and Thelen, Kathleen. 1995. “Apples and Oranges Revisited: Contextualized Comparisons and the Study of Comparative Labor Politics.” Politics & Society 23: 337–67.
MacLean, Lauren. 2011. “State retrenchment and the exercise of citizenship in Africa.” Comparative Political Studies 44(9): 1238–1266.
Manor, James. 2000. “Small-Time Fixers in India’s States.” Asian Survey 40(5): 816–35.
Manor, James. 2010. “What Do They Know of India Who Only India Know?” Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 48(4): 505–16.
Marx, Karl. 1852. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte. New York: Die Revolution.
Mathew, George. 1994. Status of Panchayati Raj in the States of India. Delhi: Concept.
Mettler, Suzanne and Soss, Joe. 2004. “The Consequences of Public Policy for Democratic Citizenship.” Perspectives on Politics 2(1): 55–73.
Mishra, Arun Kumar and Dasgupta, Shubhagato. 2014. “Evolution of National Policies for Basic Services, Affordable Housing, and Livelihoods for the Urban Poor.” Inclusive Urban Planning. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Moore, Barrington. 1996. Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. New York: Beacon.
Nathan, Noah. 2019. Electoral Politics and Africa’s Urban Transition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Nayar, B. R. 2009. The Myth of the Shrinking State. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Norris, Pippa. 2002. “Women’s Power at the Ballot Box.” In Voter Turnout Since 1945. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy & Electoral Assistance.
National Sample Survey Office. 2014. “Urban Slums in India, 2012.” Report 561. New Delhi: Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
Post, Alison, Bronsoler, Vivian and Salman, Lana. 2017. “Hybrid Regimes for Local Public Goods Provision.” Perspectives on Politics 15(4): 952–66.
Rai, Shirin and Lievesley, Geraldine, eds. 2013. Women and the State: International Perspectives. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.
Ramanathan, Ramesh. 2007. “Federalism, Urban Decentralization, and Citizen Participation.” Economic and Political Weekly 42(8): 674–81.
Singer, Wendy. 2007. A Constituency Suitable for Ladies. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stokes, Susan, Dunning, Thad, Nazareno, Marcelo and Brusco, Valeria. 2013. Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sukhtankar, Sandip. 2016. “India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: What Do We Really Know about the World’s Largest Workfare Program?” India Policy Forum 13. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Tewari, V. 2002. “An Assessment of SJSRY in Rajasthan.” Delhi: NIUA Report.
Thachil, Tariq. 2018. “Improving Surveys through Ethnography: Insights from India’s Urban Periphery.” Studies in Comparative International Development 53(3): 281–99.
Tsai, Lily. 2010. “Quantitative Research and Issues of Political Sensitivity in Rural China.” In Contemporary Chinese Politics , ed. Carlson, Allen, Gallagher, Mary, Lieberthal, Keith and Manion, Melanie, 246–65. New York: Cambridge University Press.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2011. Inequality Adjusted Human Development Index for India’s States. New York: United Nations Development Programme.
Vaishnav, Milan. 2015. Understanding the Indian Voter. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Varshney, Ashutosh. 1998. Democracy, Development, and the Countryside. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Verba, Sidney, Schlozman, Kay and Brady, Henry. 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Wolfinger, Raymond and Rosenstone, Steven J.. 1980. Who Votes? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.