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Participatory Democracy Revisited

  • Carole Pateman (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 02 March 2012

Over the past two decades we have heard an historically unprecedented volume of talk about and praise of democracy, and many governmental, non-governmental, and international organizations have been engaged in democracy promotion. Democracy is a subject that crosses the boundaries in political science, and within my own field of political theory there has been a major revival of democratic theory. In political theory, argument about “democracy” is usually now qualified by one of an array of adjectives, which include cosmopolitan, agonistic, republican, and monitory. But the new form that has been by far the most successful is deliberative democracy. By 2007 John Dryzek could write that “deliberative democracy now constitutes the most active area of political theory in its entirety (not just democratic theory).” Not only is there an extremely large and rapidly growing literature, both theoretical and empirical, on deliberative democracy, but its influence has spread far outside universities.

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Yves Cabannes . 2004. “Participatory Budgeting: a Significant Contribution to Participatory Democracy.” Environment & Urbanization 16(1): 2746.

Neil Carter . 2006. “Political Participation and the Workplace: The Spillover Thesis Revisited.” British Journal of Politics and International Relations 8(3): 410–26.

Fred Cutler , Richard Johnston , R. Kenneth Carty , André Blais , and Patrick Fournier . 2008. “Deliberation, Information, and Trust: The British Columbia Citizens' Assembly as Agenda Setter.” In Designing Deliberative Democracy: The British Columbia Citizens' Assembly, ed. Mark E. Warren and Hilary Pearse . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

John Dryzek . 2007. “Theory, Evidence and the Tasks of Deliberation.” In Deliberation, Participation and Democracy: Can the People Govern?, ed. Shawn W. Rosenberg . New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Alta Fölscher . 2007. “Participatory Budgeting in Asia.” In Participatory Budgeting, ed. Anwar Shah . Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. ( Accessed March 5, 2011.

Patrick Fournier , Henk van der Kolk , Kenneth Carty , Andre Blais , and Jonathan Rose . 2011. When Citizens Decide: Lessons from Citizen Assemblies on Electoral Reform. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Damien French , and Michael Laver . 2009. “Participation Bias, Durable Opinion Shifts and Sabotage through Withdrawal in Citizens' Juries.” Political Studies 57(2): 422–50.

Archon Fung . 2003. “Survey Article: Recipes for Public Spheres: Eight Institutional Design Choices and Their Consequences.” Journal of Political Philosophy 11(3): 338–67.

Archon Fung . 2007. “Minipublics: Deliberative Designs and Their Consequences.” In Deliberation, Participation and Democracy: Can the People Govern?, ed. Shawn W. Rosenberg . New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Robert Goodin . 2008. Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Robert Goodin , and John Dryzek . 2006. “Deliberative Impacts: The Macro-Political Uptake of Mini-Publics.” Politics & Society 34(2): 219–44.

Baogang He . 2011. “Civic Engagement through Participatory Budgeting in China: Three Different Logics at Work.” Public Administration and Development 31(2): 122–33.

Diana Mutz . 2008. “Is Deliberative Democracy a Falsifiable Theory?American Review of Political Science 11: 521–38.

Simon Niemeyer . 2011. “The Emancipatory Effect of Deliberation: Empirical Lessons from Mini-Publics.” Politics & Society 39(1): 103–40.

William R. Nylen 2003. Participatory Democracy Versus Elitist Democracy: Lessons from Brazil. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gene Rowe , and Lynn Frewer . 2005. “A Typology of Public Engagement Mechanisms.” Science, Technology, & Human Values 30 (2): 251–90.

Anwar Shah , ed. 2007. Participatory Budgeting. Washington, DC: The World Bank. ( Accessed March 5, 2011.

Yves Sintomer , Carsten Herzberg , and Anja Röcke . 2008. “Participatory Budgeting in Europe: Potentials and Challenges.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 32(1): 164–78.

Celina Souza . 2001. “Participatory Budgeting in Brazilian Cities: Limits and Possibilities in Building Democratic Institutions.” Environment & Urbanization 13(1): 159–84.

Dennis F. Thompson 2008. “Deliberative Democratic Theory and Empirical Political Science.” American Review of Political Science 11: 497520.

Mark E. Warren 1996. “What Should We Expect from More Democracy? Radically Democratic Responses to Politics.” Political Theory 24(2): 241–70.

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