Dowe, Pearl K. Ford and Franklin, Sekou 2017. In Whom Do We Trust? Racial Trust in the Early Years of Barack Obama’s Presidency. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, Vol. 3, Issue. 3, p. 370.
Kurtulmus, Faik and Irzik, Gürol 2017. JUSTICE IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF KNOWLEDGE. Episteme, Vol. 14, Issue. 02, p. 129.
Hooker, Juliet Tillery, Alvin B. and Rayo, Giorleny Altamirano 2017. La Doble Disyuntiva: La Política sobre Desigualdades Raciales y de Clase en las Américas Resumen Ejecutivo. PS: Political Science & Politics, Vol. 50, Issue. 01, p. 260.
Schlager, Edella 2017. Editorial Note. Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 45, Issue. 3, p. 410.
Udani, Adriano 2017. Inferring what hardliners would do: assessing factual knowledge of state policies on immigrant treatment in the US. Politics, Groups, and Identities, p. 1.
Chattopadhyay, Jacqueline 2017. Is the ACA's Dependent Coverage Provision Generating Positive Feedback Effects Among Young Adults?. Poverty & Public Policy, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 42.
Light, Donald and Terrasse, Mélanie 2017. Immigrant access in the Affordable Care Act: legacies of the Confederacy. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 43, Issue. 12, p. 1985.
Haber, Hanan 2017. Rise of the Regulatory Welfare State? Social Regulation in Utilities in Israel. Social Policy & Administration, Vol. 51, Issue. 3, p. 442.
Hooker, Juliet and Tillery, Alvin B. 2017. The Double Bind: The Politics of Racial and Class Inequalities in the Americas Executive Summary. PS: Political Science & Politics, Vol. 50, Issue. 01, p. 250.
Hackett, Ursula 2017. Theorizing the Submerged State: The Politics of Private Schools in the United States. Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 45, Issue. 3, p. 464.
Leimbigler, Betsy and Lammert, Christian 2016. Why Health Care Reform Now? Strategic Framing and the Passage of Obamacare. Social Policy & Administration, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 467.
Mettler, Suzanne 2016. The Policyscape and the Challenges of Contemporary Politics to Policy Maintenance. Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 14, Issue. 02, p. 369.
McDonagh, Eileen 2015. Ripples from the First Wave: The Monarchical Origins of the Welfare State. Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 13, Issue. 04, p. 992.
Essletzbichler, Jürgen 2015. The top 1% in U.S. metropolitan areas. Applied Geography, Vol. 61, p. 35.
Dodd, Lynda G. 2015. The Rights Revolution in the Age of Obama and Ferguson: Policing, the Rule of Law, and the Elusive Quest for Accountability. Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 13, Issue. 03, p. 657.
Brown-Iannuzzi, Jazmin L. Lundberg, Kristjen B. Kay, Aaron C. and Payne, B. Keith 2015. Subjective Status Shapes Political Preferences. Psychological Science, Vol. 26, Issue. 1, p. 15.
Haselswerdt, Jake and Bartels, Brandon L. 2015. Public Opinion, Policy Tools, and the Status Quo. Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 68, Issue. 3, p. 607.
President Barack Obama came into office with a social welfare policy agenda that aimed to reconstitute what can be understood as the “submerged state”: a conglomeration of existing federal policies that incentivize and subsidize activities engaged in by private actors and individuals. By attempting to restructure the political economy involved in taxation, higher education policy, and health care, Obama ventured into a policy terrain that presents immense obstacles to reform itself and to the public's perception of its success. Over time the submerged state has fostered the profitability of particular industries and induced them to increase their political capacity, which they have exercised in efforts to maintain the status quo. Yet the submerged state simultaneously eludes most ordinary citizens: they have little awareness of its policies or their upwardly redistributive effects, and few are cognizant of what is at stake in reform efforts. This article shows how, in each of the three policy areas, the contours and dynamics of the submerged state have shaped the possibilities for reform and the form it has taken, the politics surrounding it, and its prospects for success. While the Obama Administration won hard-fought legislative accomplishments in each area, political success will continue to depend on how well policy design, policy delivery and political communication reveal policy reforms to citizens, so that they better understand how reforms function and what has been achieved.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th March 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.