“A Message to America/Risala ila Amrika” (video of James Foley). 2014. Mu’assasat al-Furqan, 4:40. August 19. A complete version of the video is no longer available online.
“A Second Message to America/Risala thaniya ila Amrika,” (video of Steven Sotloff). 2016. Mu’assasat al-Furqan, 2:46. Intercepted and unofficially released September 2. As of publication date, available at http://www.dumpert.nl/embed/6615338/fa3276b6/.
Ahmed Sara. 2004. The Cultural Politics of Emotion.
New York: Routledge.
Ahram Ariel I. 2015. “Sexual Violence and the Making of ISIS.”
Allen James, Als Hilton, Lewis John, and Litwack Leon F.. 2000. Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America.
Santa Fe, NM: Twin Palms Publishers.
2015 – see n. 11
Arendt Hannah. 1972. “On Violence,”
Crises of the Republic. New York: Harcourt Brace & Company.
Arendt Hannah. 1983. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil.
New York: Penguin.
Arendt Hannah. 1987. “Truth and Politics.” In Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political Thought. New York: Penguin.
‘Athamina Khalil. 1989. “The Black Banners and the Socio-Political Significance of Flags and Slogans in Medieval Islam”
Arabica Tome XXXVI: 307–26.
Atwan Abdel Bari. 2015. Islamic State: The Digital Caliphate.
Oakland, CA: University of California Press.
Baghdadi abu ‘Umar, et al. 2007. “Qul inni ‘ala bayyina min Rabbi” [Some of Our Fundamentals]. Mu’assasat al-Furqan. March 13. Arabic transcript available in al-Majmu li-qadat Dawlat al-‘Iraq al-Islamiyya.
Benski Tova and Fisher Eran. Internet and Emotions. New York and London: Routledge, 2014.
Benski Tova and Fisher Eran, eds. 2014. Internet and Emotions. New York: Routledge.
Berger J. M. and Morgan Jonathon. 2015. “The ISIS Twitter Census: Defining and describing the population of ISIS supporters on Twitter. Brookings Analysis Paper No. 20. March.
Bleiker Roland. 2014. “Visual Assemblages: From Causality to Conditions of Possibility.” In Reassembling International Theory: Assemblage Thinking and International Relationsm
ed. Acuto Michele and Curtis Simon. New York: Palgrave.
Blok Anton. 2000. “The Enigma of Senseless Violence.” In Meanings of Violence: A Cross Cultural Perspective, ed. Aijmer Göran and Abbink Jon. Oxford: Berg.
Buhite Russell D. 1995. Lives at Risk: Hostages and Victims in American Foreign Policy. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, Inc.
Butler Judith. 1993. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex.”
New York and London: Routledge.
Butler Judith. 2010. Frames of War: When is Life Grievable?
London and New York: Verso.
Callimachi Rukmini. 2014. “The Horror before the Beheadings.”
International New York Times. October 25. http//nyti.ms/1w5TI86, accessed November 12, 2015.
Campbell David. 2003. “Cultural Governance and Pictorial Resistance: Reflections on the Imagining of War.”
Review of International Studies
Campbell David. 2007. “Geopolitics and Visuality: Sighting the Darfur Conflict.”
Campbell David. 2004. “Horrific Blindness: Images of Death in Contemporary Media.”
Journal for Cultural Research
Campbell Lisa J. 2006. “The Use of Beheadings by Fundamentalist Islam.”
Caspar Monica J. and Moore Lisa Jean. 2009. Missing Bodies: The Politics of Visibility. New York: New York University Press.
Cavarero Adriana. 2011. Horrorism: Naming Contemporary Violence. Trans. McCuaig William. New York: Columbia University Press.
Collins Randall. 2011. Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Connolly William. 2005. “The Evangelical-Capitalist Resonance Machine.”
Creswell Robyn and Haykel Bernard. 2015. “Battle Lines: Want to Understand the Jihadis? Read their Poetry.”
The New Yorker., June 8 and 15.
Cronin Audrey Kurth. 2015. “ISIS Is Not a Terrorist Group: Why Counterterrorism Won’t Stop the Latest Jihadist Threat.”
Davies Ray. 1972. “Celluloid Heroes.”
Everybody’s in Show-Biz, Everybody’s a Star. Performed by The Kinks. Vinyl record. UK: RCA Victor.
Der Derian James. 2002. Virtuous War: Mapping the Military-Industrial-Media-Entertainment Network. Oxford: Westview Press.
Ellis John. 2000. Seeing Things: Television in the Age of Uncertainty. London and New York: I.B. Tauris Publishers.
Euben Roxanne L. 2015. “Humiliation and the Political Mobilization of Masculinity.”
Evans Brad and Giroux Henry A.. 2015. “Intolerable Violence.”
Faludi Susan. 2007. The Terror Dream: Fear and Fantasy in Post 9/11 America. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Fanon Frantz. 1968. The Wretched of the Earth. Trans. Sartre Jean-Paul. New York: Grove Press.
Foucault Michel. 1995. Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Trans. Sheridan Alan. New York: Vintage Books.
Foucault Michel. 2003. “Society Must be Defended”: Lectures at the Collège De France, 1975–6. Trans. Macey David, ed. Mauro Bertani and Alssandro Fontana. New York: Picador.
Friis Simone Molin. 2015. “‘Beyond Anything We Have Ever Seen’: Beheading Videos and the Visibility of Violence in the War Against ISIS.”
Frosh Paul. 2006. “Telling Presences: Witnessing, Mass Media, and the Imagined Lives of Strangers.”
Critical Studies in Media Communication
Fujii Lee Ann. 2013. “The Puzzle of Extra-Lethal Violence. Perspectives on Politics
Grossman Dave. 2009. On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society. New York: Back Bay Books.
Hansen Lene. 2011. “Theorizing the Image for Security Studies: Visual Securitization and the Muhammad Cartoon Crisis.”
European Journal of International Relations
Hansen Lene. 2015. “How Images Make World Politics: International Icons and the Case of Abu Ghraib.”
Review of International Studies
Hassan Robert. 2007. “Network Time.” In 24/7: Time and Temporality in the Network Society, ed. Hassan Robert and Purser Ronald E.. Stanford, CA: Stanford Business Books.
Hassan Robert. 2009. Empires of Speed: Time and the Acceleration of Politics and Society. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
Hassan Robert. 2012. “Time, Neoliberal Power, and the Advent of Marx’s ‘Common Ruin’ Thesis.”
Alternatives: Global, Local, Political
Hillis Ken, Paasonen Susanna, and Petit Michael, eds. 2015. Networked Affect.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Janes Regina. 1991. “Beheadings,”
Johnson James. 2011. “‘The Arithmetic of Compassion’: Rethinking the Politics of Photography.”
British Journal of Political Science
Jones Alan, trans. 2007. The Qur’an. Exeter, UK: E.J.W. Gibb Memorial Trust.
Juris Jeffrey S. 2005. “Violence Performed and Imagined: Militant Action, the Black Bloc and the Mass Media in Genoa.”
Critique of Anthropology
Kaempf Sebastian. 2013. “The Mediatisation of War in a Transforming Global Media Landscape.”
Australian Journal of International Affairs
Karatzogianni Athina and Kuntsman Adi, eds. 2012. Digital Cultures and the Politics of Emotion: Feelings, Affect and Technological Change. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Kilcullen David. 2016. Blood Year: Islamic State and the Failures of the War on Terror. London, United Kingdom: Hurst & Co, Ltd.
Klein Donald. 1991. “The Humiliation Dynamic: An Overview.”
Journal of Primary Prevention
Knight Michael Muhammad. 2014. “I Understand Why Westerners are Joining Jihadi Movements like ISIS. I was Almost One of Them.”
Washington Post, September 3.
2012 – see n. 93.
Lentini Pete and Bakashmar Muhammad. 2007. “Jihadist Beheading: A Convergence of Technology, Theology, and Teleology?”
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism
Mann Bonnie. 2014. Sovereign Masculinity: Gender Lessons from the War on Terror. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.
Miller Susan B. 1988. “Humiliation and Shame: Comparing Two Affect States and Indicators of Narcissistic Stress.”
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
Moeller Susan. 1999. Compassion Fatigue: How the Media Sell Disease, Famine War and Death.
New York and London: Routledge.
Naby Eden. 2009. “Yazidis.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, ed. Esposito John L.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
O’Shaughnessy Nicholas. 2002. “Selling Terror: The Visual Rhetoric of Osama bin Laden.”
Journal of Political Marketing
Philpott Daniel. 1995. “Sovereignty: An Introduction and Brief History.”
Journal of International Affairs
Pollock Griselda, ed. 2013. “From Horrorism to Compassion: Re-facing Medusan Otherness in Dialogue with Adriana Cavarero and Bracha Ettinger.” In Visual Politics of Psychoanalysis: Art and the Image in Post-Traumatic Cultures. New York: I.B. Taurus.
Qutb Sayyid. 1991 . Ma'alim fi-l tariq [Signposts along the Road]. Beirut: Dar al-shuruq.
Rancière Jacques. 2011. The Emancipated Spectator. Translated by Elliott Gregory. London and New York: Verso.
Reinhardt Mark. 2013. “Theorizing the Event of Photography.”
Theory & Event
Remnick David. 2014. “Going the Distance: On and Off the Road with Barack Obama.”
The New Yorker, January 27.
Rorty Richard. 1989. Contingency, Irony and Solidarity.
Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Saurette Paul. 2006. “You Dissin Me? Humiliation and Post 9/11 Global Politics.”
Review of International Studies
Scarry Elaine. 1985. The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World.
New York: Oxford University Press.
Schmitt Carl. 2008a [1936/37]. “The State as a Mechanism in Hobbes and Descartes.” In Schmitt C., The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes. Meaning and Failure of a Political Symbol. Trans. Schwab G. and Hilfstein E.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Schmitt Carl. 2008b . The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes. Meaning and Failure of a Political Symbol. Trans. Schwab G. and Hilfstein E.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Seedat Fatima. 2017. “Sexual Economies of War and Sexual Technologies of the Body: Militarised Muslim Masculinity and the Islamist Production of Concubines for the Caliphate.”
Agenda, March: 1–14.
Siboni Gabi, Cohen Daniel, and Koren Tal. 2015. “The Islamic State’s Strategy in Cyberspace”
Military and Strategic Affairs
Šisler Vít. 2014. “From Kuma/War to Quraish: Representation of Islam in Arab and American Video Games.” In Playing with Religion in Digital Games, ed. Campbell Heidi A. and Grieve Gregory Price. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Sontag Susan. 1990. On Photography. New York: Anchor Books.
Sontag Susan. 2002. Regarding the Pain of Others. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
Stern Jessica and Berger J. M.. 2015. Isis: The State of Terror. New York: Ecco.
Tarnopolsky Christina. 2004. “Prudes, Perverts and Tyrants: Plato and the Politics of Shame.”
Tinnes Judith. 2015. “Although the (Dis-)Believers Dislike It: A Backgrounder on IS Hostage Videos.”
Perspectives on Terrorism
Williams Michael. 2003.“Words, Images, Enemies: Securitization and International Politics,”
International Studies Quarterly
Wolin Sheldon. 1997. “What Time Is It?”
Theory & Event
Young Iris Marion. 2003. “The Logic of Masculinist Protection: Reflections on the Current Security State.”
Zerilli Linda. 2005. “’We Feel Our Freedom’: Imagination and Judgment in the Thought of Hannah Arendt.”