Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Wars and American Politics

  • David R. Mayhew (a1)
Abstract

Wars have been underexamined as causal factors in American political history. The nation's freestanding hot wars seem to have generated at least four kinds of major effects: policy changes of lasting consequence, new issue regimes, durable changes in electoral alignments, and durable changes in party ideologies. Considered here are the War of 1812, the War with Mexico, the Civil War, World War I, and World War II.David R. Mayhew is Sterling Professor of Political Science at Yale University (david.mayhew@yale.edu). His publications include Party Loyalty among Congressmen; Congress: The Electoral Connection; “Congressional Elections: The Case of the Vanishing Marginals”; Placing Parties in American Politics; Divided We Govern; America's Congress: Actions in the Public Sphere, James Madison through Newt Gingrich; and Electoral Realignments: A Critique of an American Genre. The author thanks Alan Gerber, Matthew Green, Jacob Hacker, Sonam Henderson, Rogan Kersh, Philip Klinkner, Heinz Kohler, Joseph LaPalombara, Bruce Russett, Abbey Steele, and anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

Copyright
References
Hide All

References

Amenta, Edwin, and Theda Skocpol. 1988. Redefining the New Deal: World War II and the development of social provision in the United States. In The politics of social policy in the United States, ed. Margaret Weir, Ann Shola Orloff, and Theda Skocpol, 81122. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Babcock, Kendric Charles. 1906. The rise of American nationality, 1811–1819. New York: Harper and Brothers.
Balogh, Brian. 1991. Chain reaction: Expert debate and public participation in American commercial nuclear power, 1945–1975. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bartels, Larry M. 1998. Electoral continuity and change, 1868–1996. Electoral Studies 17 (3): 30126.
Bartels, Larry M., and John Zaller. 2001. Presidential vote models: A recount. PS: Political Science and Politics 34 (1): 920.
Bauer, Raymond A., Ithiel de Sola Pool, and Lewis Anthony Dexter. 1963. American business and public policy: The politics of foreign trade. New York: Atherton.
Baxter, Maurice G. 1995. Henry Clay and the American system. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.
Behn, Beth A. 2005. Woodrow Wilson's conversion experience: The president, woman suffrage, and the extent of executive influence. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, April 7–10.
Benedict, Murray R. 1953. Farm policies of the United States, 1790–1950. New York: Twentieth Century Fund.
Bensel, Richard Franklin. 1990. Yankee leviathan: The origins of central state authority in America, 1859–1877. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Berman, Sheri. 1998. The social democratic moment: Ideas and politics in the making of interwar Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Binkley, Wilfred E. 1962. American political parties: Their natural history. 4th ed. New York: Alfred E. Knopf.
Brazier, James E. 1996. An anti–New Dealer legacy: The administrative procedure act. Journal of Policy History 8 (2): 20626.
Brinkley, Alan. 1995. The end of reform: New Deal liberalism in recession and war. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Brown, E. Cary. 1956. Fiscal policy in the 'thirties: A reappraisal. American Economic Review 46 (5): 85779.
Brownlee, W. Elliot. 1985. Woodrow Wilson and financing the modern state: The Revenue Act of 1916. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 129 (2): 173210.
Brownlee, W. Elliot. 1996. Tax regimes, national crises, and state-building in America. In Funding the modern American state, 1941–1995, ed. Brownlee, 37104. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Brownlee, W. Elliot. 2000. The public sector. In The Cambridge economic history of the United States, vol. 3, The twentieth century, ed. Stanley L. Engerman and Robert E. Gallman, 101360. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bunzl, Martin. 2004. Counterfactual history: A user's guide. American Historical Review 109 (3): 84558.
Butler, David, and Donald Stokes. 1974. Political change in Britain: The evolution of electoral choice. London: Macmillan.
Campbell, John L., and Michael Patrick Allen. 1994. The political economy of revenue extraction in the modern state: A time-series analysis of U.S. income taxes, 1916–1986. Social Forces 72 (3): 63269.
Clubb, Jerome M., William H. Flanigan, and Nancy H. Zingale. 1980. Partisan realignment: Voters, parties, and government in American history. Beverly Hills: Sage.
Collins, William J. 2002. The political economy of state-level fair employment laws, 1940–1964. Explorations in Economic History 40 (1): 2451.
Cooper, John Milton Jr. 1990. Pivotal decades: The United States, 1900–1920. New York: W. W. Norton.
Creighton, Donald. 1959. The story of Canada. Toronto: Faber and Faber.
Davidson, Roger H. 1990. The advent of the modern Congress: The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. Legislative Studies Quarterly 15 (3): 35773.
Davies, Richard O. 1966. Housing reform during the Truman administration. Columbia: University of Missouri Press.
Derickson, Alan. 1994. Health security for all? Social unionism and universal health insurance, 1935–1958. Journal of American History 80 (4): 133356.
Derthick, Martha. 1979. Policymaking for Social Security. Washington, DC: Brookings.
Deudney, Daniel H. 1995. The Philadelphian system: Sovereignty, arms control, and balance of power in the American states-union, circa 1787–1861. International Organization 49 (2): 191228.
Divine, Robert A. 1974. Foreign policy and U.S presidential elections, 1940-1948. New York: New Viewpoints.
Dray, William H. 1964. Philosophy of history. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Dryzek, John, and Robert E. Goodin. 1986. Risk-sharing and social justice: The motivational foundations of the post-war welfare state. British Journal of Political Science 16 (1): 134.
Eichengreen, Barry. 1989. The political economy of the Smoot-Hawley tariff. Research in Economic History 12:143.
Farrar-Myers, Victoria A., Russell Renka, and Daniel Ponder. 2000. Institutionalization in a critical period: Presidency, congress, and the development of the executive budget. Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.
Fearon, James D. 1991. Counterfactuals and hypothesis testing in political science. World Politics 43 (2): 16995.
Ferrell, Robert H. 1985. Woodrow Wilson and World War I, 1917–1921. New York: Harper and Row.
Fogel, Robert W. 1992. Problems in modeling complex dynamic interactions: The political realignment of the 1850s. Economics and Politics 4 (3): 21554.
Foner, Eric. 1969. The Wilmot Proviso revisited. Journal of American History 56 (2): 26279.
Foner, Eric. 1984. Why is there no socialism in the United States? History Workshop 17 (1): 5780.
Foner, Eric. 1988. Reconstruction: America's unfinished revolution, 1863–1877. New York: Harper and Row.
Freehling, William W. 1990. The road to disunion, vol. 1, Secessionists at bay, 1776–1854. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gerring, John. 1998. Party ideologies in America, 1828–1996. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Goldstein, Robert J. 1978. Political repression in modern America: From 1870 to the present. New York: Schenkman.
Graetz, Michael, and Ian Shapiro. 2005. Death by a thousand cuts: The fight over taxing inherited wealth. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Green, Harold P., and Alan Rosenthal. 1963. Government of the atom: The integration of powers. New York: Atherton.
Hacker, Jacob S. 2002. The divided welfare state: The battle over public and private social benefits in the United States. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hansen, John Mark. 1990. Taxation and the political economy of the tariff. International Organization 44 (4): 52751.
Hansen, John Mark. 1991. Gaining access: Congress and the farm lobby, 1919–1981. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hart, Justin. 2004. Making democracy safe for the world: Race, propaganda, and the transformation of U.S. foreign policy during World War II. Pacific Historical Review 73 (1): 4984.
Hicks, John D. 1960. Republican ascendancy, 1921–1933. New York: Harper and Row.
Higgs, Robert. 1987. Crisis and leviathan: Critical episodes in the growth of American government. New York: Oxford University Press.
Higgs, Robert. 1999. From central planning to the market: The American transition, 1945–1947. Journal of Economic History 59 (3): 60023.
Hirshfield, Daniel S. 1970. The lost reform: The campaign for compulsory health insurance in the United States from 1932–1943. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Holcombe, Randall G. 1999. Veteran interests and the transition to government growth: 1870–1915. Public Choice 99 (3–4): 31126.
Huntington, Samuel P. 1964. The soldier and the state. New York: Random House.
Kaplan, Edward S., and Thomas W. Ryley. 1994. Prelude to trade wars: American tariff policy, 1890–1922. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Karl, Barry D. 1983. The uneasy state: The United States from 1915 to 1945. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Katznelson, Ira, and Martin Shefter, eds. 2002. Shaped by trade and war: International influences on American political development. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Keith, Nathaniel S. 1973. Politics and the housing crisis since 1930. New York: Universe Books.
Kerr, K. Austin. 1985. Organized for prohibition: A new history of the Anti-Saloon League. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Key, V. O. Jr. 1943. The veterans and the House of Representatives: A study of a pressure group and electoral mortality. Journal of Politics 5 (1): 2740.
Keyssar, Alexander. 2000. The right to vote: The contested history of democracy in the United States. New York: Basic Books.
Kingdon, John W. 1984. Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Boston: Little, Brown.
Klein, Maury. 1990. Competition and regulation: The railroad model. Business History Review 64 (2): 31125.
Klinkner, Philip A., and Rogers M. Smith. 1999. The unsteady march: The rise and decline of racial equality in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kornblith, Gary J. 2003. Rethinking the coming of the Civil War: A counterfactual exercise. Journal of American History 90 (1): 76105.
Kyvig, David E. 1996. Explicit and authentic acts: Amending the U.S. Constitution, 1776–1995. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
Lee, R. Alton. 1966. Truman and Taft-Hartley: A question of mandate. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press.
Lee, Susan, and Peter Passell. 1979. A new economic view of American history. New York: W. W. Norton.
LeMay, Michael C. 1987. From open door to Dutch door: An analysis of U.S. immigration policy since 1820. New York: Praeger.
Leuchtenburg, William E. 1969. The impact of the war on the American political economy. In The impact of World War I, ed. Arthur S. Link, 5770. New York: Harper and Row.
Lewis, Jone Johnson. 2004. Winning the vote: International woman suffrage timeline. http://womenshistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa091600a.htm.
Lipset, Seymour Martin, and Gary Marks. 2000. It didn't happen here: Why socialism failed in the United States. New York: W. W. Norton.
Luebke, Frederick C. 1974. Bonds of loyalty: German-Americans and World War I. De Kalb: Northern Illinois University Press.
MacIntyre, Stuart. 1986. The Oxford history of Australia, vol. 4, 1901–1942: The succeeding age. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mayhew, David R. 2002. Electoral realignments: A critique of an American genre. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Mayhew, David R. 2004. Events as causes: The case of American politics. Paper presented at the conference Contingency and Politics, Yale University, December 3–4. http://pantheon.yale.edu/∼dmayhew/
McNaught, Kenneth. 1970. The history of Canada. New York: Praeger.
Mettler, Suzanne. 2002. Bringing the state back in to civic engagement: Policy feedback effects of the G.I. Bill for World War II veterans. American Political Science Review 96 (2): 35165.
Munger, Frank J., and Richard F. Fenno Jr. 1962. National politics and federal aid to education. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Murphy, Kevin. 1996. Child of war: The federal income withholding tax. Mid-America 78 (2): 20329.
Nagel, Ernest. 1961. The structure of science: Problems in the logic of scientific explanation. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and World.
Neustadt, Richard E. 1954. Congress and the Fair Deal: A legislative balance sheet. In Public policy, vol. 5, ed. Carl J. Friedrich and John Kenneth Galbraith, 35181. Cambridge: Harvard Graduate School of Public Administration.
North, Douglass C. 1966. Growth and welfare in the American past: A new economic history. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Oliver, Michael J., and Hugh Pemberton. 2004. Learning and change in 20th-century British economic policy. Governance 17 (3): 41541.
Olmstead, Alan L., and Paul W. Rhode. 2000. The transformation of northern agriculture, 1910–1990. In The Cambridge economic history of the United States, vol. 3, The twentieth century, ed. Stanley L. Engerman and Robert E. Gallman, 693742. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Olson, Keith W. 1974. The G.I. Bill, the veterans, and the colleges. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.
Patterson, James T. 1972. Mr. Republican: A biography of Robert A. Taft. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Perrett, Geoffrey. 1989. A country made by war: From the Revolution to Vietnam—The story of America's rise to power. New York: Random House.
Polsby, Nelson W. 1984. Political innovation in America: The politics of policy initiation. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Porter, Bruce D. 1994a. War and the rise of the state: The military foundations of modern politics. New York: Free Press.
Porter, Bruce D. 1994b. The warfare state. American Heritage 45 (4): 5769.
Potter, David M. 1976. The impending crisis, 1848–1861. New York: Harper and Row.
Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Riker, William H. 1982. Liberalism against populism: A confrontation between the theory of democracy and the theory of social choice. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland.
Risjord, Norman K. 1971. Election of 1812. In History of American presidential elections, 1789–1968, vol. 1, ed. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., 24972. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Rockoff, Hugh. 2000. Banking and finance, 1789–1914. In The Cambridge economic history of the United States, vol. 2, The long nineteenth century, ed. Stanley L. Engerman and Robert E. Gallman, 64384. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rosenbloom, David H. 2001. “Whose bureaucracy is this, anyway?” Congress' 1946 answer. PS: Political Science and Politics 34 (4): 77377.
Russett, Bruce M. 1970. What price vigilance? The burdens of national defense. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Schoen, Brian. 2003. Calculating the price of union: Republican economic nationalism and the origins of Southern sectionalism, 1790–1828. Journal of the Early Republic 23 (2): 173206.
Skocpol, Theda. 1992. Protecting soldiers and mothers: The political origins of social policy in the United States. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Skocpol, Theda. 2003. Diminished democracy: From membership to management in American civic life. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Skowronek, Stephen S. 1982. Building a new American state: The expansion of national administrative capacities, 1877–1920. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Smith, Bruce L. R. 1990. American science policy since World War II. Washington, DC: Brookings.
Sparrow, Bartholomew. 1996. From the outside in: World War II and the American state. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Starr, Paul. 1982. The social transformation of American medicine. New York: Basic Books.
Stein, Herbert. 1969. The fiscal revolution in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Steinmo, Sven. 1993. Taxation and democracy: Swedish, British and American approaches to financing the modern state. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Stevenson, David. 2004. Cataclysm: The First World War as political tragedy. New York: Basic Books.
Stokes, Donald E. 1966. Spatial models of party competition. In Elections and the political order, ed. Angus Campbell, Philip E. Converse, Warren E. Miller, and Donald E. Stokes, 16179. New York: Wiley.
Sylla, Richard. 2000. Experimental federalism: The economics of American government, 1789–1914. In The Cambridge economic history of the United States, vol. 2, The long nineteenth century, ed. Stanley L. Engerman and Robert E. Gallman, 483541. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Thomas, Norman C. 1975. Education in national politics. New York: David McKay.
Tichenor, Daniel J. 2002. Dividing lines: The politics of immigration control in America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Tilly, Charles, ed. 1975. The formation of national states in Western Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Turner, Lynn W. 1971. Elections of 1816 and 1820. In History of American presidential elections, 1789–1968, vol. 1, ed. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., 299321. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Ungar, Sanford J. 1976. FBI: An uncensored look behind the walls. Boston: Little, Brown.
Wallis, John Joseph. 2000. American government finance in the long run: 1790 to 1990. Journal of Economic Perspectives 14 (1): 6182.
Wander, W. Thomas. 1982. Patterns of change in the congressional budget process, 1865–1974. Congress and the Presidency 9 (2): 2349.
Watts, Steven. 1987. The republic reborn: War and the making of liberal America, 1790–1820. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Whittington, Keith E. 1999. Constitutional construction: Divided powers and constitutional meaning. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Wilson, Trevor. 1966. The downfall of the Liberal Party, 1914–1935. London: Collins.
Wiltse, Charles M. 1961. The new nation, 1800–1845. New York: Hill and Wang.
Witte, John F. 1985. The politics and development of the federal income tax. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Wood, Elisabeth Jean. 2000. Forging democracy from below: Insurgent transitions in South Africa and El Salvador. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Wynn, Neil A. 1986. From progressivism to prosperity: World War I and American society. New York: Holmes and Meier.
Wynn, Neil A. 1996. The “Good War”: The Second World War and postwar American society. Journal of Contemporary History 31 (3): 46382.
Yamagishi, Takakazu. 2003. War and the health of the state: The critical war years for national health insurance in twentieth-century Japan and the United States. Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia.
Yergin, Daniel. 1977. Shattered peace: The origins of the cold war and the national security state. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Young, Roland. 1956. Congressional politics in the Second World War. New York: Columbia University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Perspectives on Politics
  • ISSN: 1537-5927
  • EISSN: 1541-0986
  • URL: /core/journals/perspectives-on-politics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 12
Total number of PDF views: 37 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 184 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.