Alvarez, Michael, and Hall, Thad E.. 2004. Point, Click, and Vote. Washington, DC: Brookings.
Alvarez, Michael, and Nagler, Jonathan. 2001. “The Likely Consequences of Internet Voting for Political Representation.” Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 34(3): 1115–1153.
Benjamin, Stuart Minor. 2006. “Evaluating E-Rulemaking: Public Participation and Political Institutions.” Duke Law Journal 55: 934–35.
Benkler, Yochai. 2006. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Bennett, Linda, and Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1986. “Political Participation: Meaning and Measurement.” In Annual Review of Political Science, ed. Long, Samuel. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.
Berinsky, Adam J. 2005. “The Perverse Consequences of Electoral Reform in the United States.” American Politics Research 33(4): 471–91.
Best, Samuel, and Krueger, Brian. 2005. “Analyzing the Representativeness of Internet Political Participation.” Political Behavior 27(2): 183–216.
Bimber, Bruce. 1998. “The Internet and Political Transformation: Populism, Community, and Accelerated Pluralism.” Polity 31(1): 138–60.
Bimber, Bruce. 1999. “The Internet and Citizen Communication with Government: Does the Medium Matter?” Political Communication 16(4): 409–28.
Bimber, Bruce. 2001. “Information and Political Engagement in America: The Search for Effects of Information Technology at the Individual Level.” Political Research Quarterly 54(1): 53–67.
Bimber, Bruce. 2003. Information and American Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bimber, Bruce, and Davis, Richard. 2003. Campaigning Online. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brady, Henry E. 1999. “Political Participation.” In Measures of Political Attitudes, ed. Robinson, John P., Shaver, Philip R., and Wrightsman, Lawrence. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Brady, Henry E., Schlozman, Kay Lehman, and Verba, Sidney. 1999. “Prospecting for Participants: Rational Expectations and the Recruitment of Political Activists.” American Political Science Review 93(1): 153–68.
Chadwick, Andrew. 2006. Internet Politics: States Citizens and New Communications Technologies. New York: Oxford University Press.
Compaine, Benjamin M. 2001. “Declare the War Won.” In The Digital Divide: Facing a Crisis or Creating a Myth, ed. Compaine, Benjamin M.. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Conway, Margaret M. 2000. Political Participation in the United States. 3d ed. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Dahl, Robert A. 2006. On Political Equality. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Davis, Richard. 1999. The Web of Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Davis, Richard. 2005. Politics Online: Blogs, Chatrooms, and Discussion Groups in American Democracy. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
Davis, Richard. 2009. Typing Politics: The Role of Blogs in American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Davis, Steve, Elin, Larry, and Reeher, Grant. 2002. Click on Democracy: The Internet's Power to Change Political Apathy into Civic Action. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
DiMaggio, Paul, Hargittai, Eszter, Celeste, Coral, and Shafer, Steven. 2004. “Digital Inequality: From Unequal Access to Differentiated Use.” In Social Inequality, ed. Neckerman, Kathryn M.. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Herrnson, Paul, Niemi, Richard G., Hanmer, Michael J., Bederson, Benjamin B., Conrad, Frederick C., and Traugott, Michael W.. 2008. Voting Technology. Washington, DC: Brookings.
Hindman, Matthew. 2009. The Myth of Digital Democracy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Jennings, M. Kent, and Zeitner, Vicki. 2003. “Internet Use and Civic Engagement.” Public Opinion Quarterly 67(3): 311–34.
Johnson, Stephen M. 1998. “The Internet Changes Everything: Revolutionizing Public Participation and Access to Government Information through the Internet.” Administrative Law Review 50: 277–337.
Kelly, John. 2009. Review of The Myth of Digital Democracy by Matthew Hindman; Digital Citizenship: The Internet Society and Participation by Karen Mossberger, Caroline J. Tolbert, and Ramona S. McNeal; and Networked Publics edited by Kazys Varnelis. Perspectives on Politics 7(4): 941–43.
Leighley, Jan E. 1995. “Attitudes, Opportunities and Incentives: A Field Essay on Political Participation.” Political Research Quarterly 48(1): 181–209.
Lupia, Arthur, and Sin, Gisela. 2003. “Which Public Goods Are Endangered: How Evolving Communication Technologies Affect ‘The Logic of Collective Action.’” Public Choice 117(4): 319–21.
Margolis, Michael, and Resnick, David. 2000. Politics as Usual: The Cyberspace ‘Revolution.’ Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Milbrath, Lester W., and Goel, M.L.. 1977. Political Participation: How and Why Do People Get Involved in Politics? 2d ed. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Mossberger, Karen, Tolbert, Caroline J., and McNeal, Ramona S.. 2008. Digital Citizenship: The Internet, Society, and Participation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Mossberger, Karen, Tolbert, Caroline J., and Stansbury, Mary. 2003. Virtual Inequality. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Nie, Norman H., Junn, Jane, and Stehlik-Barry, Kenneth. 1996. Education and Democratic Citizenship in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Norris, Pippa. 2001. Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Prior, Markus. 2007. Post-Broadcast Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rosenstone, Steven J., and Hansen, John Mark. 1993. Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in America. New York: Macmillan.
Schlosberg, Davis, Zavestoski, Stephen, and Schulman, Stuart W.. 2007. “Democracy and E-Rulemaking: Web-Based Technologies, Participation, and the Potential for Deliberation.” Journal of Information Technology and Politics 4(1): 37–55.
Schlozman, Kay Lehman. 2002. “Citizen Participation in America: What Do We Know? Why Do We Care?” In Political Science: The State of the Discipline, ed. Katznelson, Ira and Milner, Helen V.., New York: W.W. Norton.
Schlozman, Kay Lehman, Verba, Sidney, and Brady, Henry E.. 1999. “Civic Participation and the Equality Problem.” In Civic Engagement in American Democracy, ed. Skocpol, Theda and Fiorina, Morris P.. Washington: Brookings.
Shah, Dhavan, Kwak, Nojin, and Holbert, R. Lance. 2001. “‘Connecting’ and ‘Disconnecting’ with Civic Life: Patterns of Internet Use and the Production of Social Capital.” Political Communication 18(2): 141–62.
Thomas, Clayton, and Streib, Gregory. 2003. “The New Face of Government: Citizen-Initiated Contacts in the Era of E-Government.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 13(1): 83–102.
Tolbert, Caroline J., and McNeal, Ramona S.. 2003. “Unraveling the Effects on the Internet on Political Participation?” Political Research Quarterly 56(2): 175–85.
Verba, Sidney, and Nie, Norman H.. 1972. Participation in America. New York: Harper Row.
Verba, Sidney, Schlozman, Kay Lehman, and Brady, Henry E.. 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Wilhelm, Anthony G. 2000. Democracy in the Digital Age. New York: Routledge Taylor Francis.
Wilhelm, Anthony G. 2002. “Civic Participation and Technological Inequality: The ‘Killer Application’ Is Education.” In The Civic Web, ed. Anderson, David M. and Cornfield, Michael. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Williams, Andrew Paul, and Tedesco, John, eds. 2006. The Internet Election: Perspectives on the Web in Campaign 2004. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Wolfinger, Raymond E., and Rosenstone, Steven J.. 1980. Who Votes? New Haven: Yale University Press.
Xenos, Michael, and Moy, Patricia. 2007. “Direct and Differential Effects of the Internet on Political and Civic Engagement.” Journal of Communications 57(4): 704–16.
Zukin, Cliff, Keeter, Scott, Andolina, Molly, Jenkins, Krista, and Carpini, Michael X. Delli. 2006. A New Engagement?: Political Participation, Civic Life, and the Changing American Citizen. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.