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Approaches and constraints of using existing landrace and extant plant material to understand agricultural spread in prehistory

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 May 2008

Huw Jones
Affiliation:
NIAB, Huntingdon Road, CambridgeCB3 0LE, UK
Diane L. Lister
Affiliation:
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, CambridgeCB2 3ER, UK
Mim A. Bower
Affiliation:
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, CambridgeCB2 3ER, UK
Fiona J. Leigh
Affiliation:
NIAB, Huntingdon Road, CambridgeCB3 0LE, UK
Lydia M. Smith*
Affiliation:
NIAB, Huntingdon Road, CambridgeCB3 0LE, UK
Martin K. Jones
Affiliation:
Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, CambridgeCB2 3DZ, UK
*
*Corresponding author. lydia.smith@niab.com

Abstract

The potential for the phylogeographical analysis of cereal landraces to determine the initial patterns of agricultural spread through Europe is discussed in relation to two of the first cereals to be domesticated, emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum) and barley (Hordeum vulgare). Extant landraces available from germplasm collections have a patchy distribution, largely being confined to regions of rugged upland topography, and the phylogeographical patterns observed may be due to ‘overstamping’ by more recent crop movements. Phylogeographical studies of non-viable historical landrace material held in herbarium and old seed collections and found in historical buildings have the potential to fill in the gaps in time and space. We explore the importance of precise geographical provenance and the limitations of this in extant and historical material. Additionally, we consider the effect of various chemicals and the preservation of DNA in the historical material.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © NIAB 2008

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