Abe, J, Xu, D, Suzuki, Y, Kanazawa, A and Shimamoto, Y (2003) Soybean germplasm pools in Asia revealed by nuclear SSRs. Theorical and Applied Genetics 106: 445–453.
Ayres, NM, McClung, AM, Larkin, PD, Bligh, HFJ, Jones, CA and Park, WD (1997) Microsatellite and single nucleotide polymorphism differentiate apparent amylase classes in an extended pedigree of US rice germplasm. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 94: 773–784.
Ba, FS, Pasquet, RE and Gepts, P (2004) Genetic diversity in cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] as revealed by RAPD markers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 51: 539–550.
Benson, G (1999) Tandem repeats finder: a program to analyze DNA sequences. Nucleic Acids Research 27: 573–580.
Blair, M and McCouch, SR (1997) Microsatellite and sequence-tagged site markers diagnostic for the bacterial blight resistance gene, xa-5. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 94: 773–784.
Bowers, J, Boursiquot, J, This, P, Chu, K, Johansson, H and Meredith, C (1999) Historical genetics: the percentage of Chardonnay, Gamay, and other wine grapes of northern France. Science 285: 1562–1565.
Brown, SM, Hopkins, MS, Mitchell, SE, Senior, ML, Wang, TY, Duncan, RR, Gonzalez-Candelas, F and Kresovich, S (1996) Multiple methods for the identification of polymorphic simple sequence repeats (SSRs) in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 93: 190–198.
Chen, X, Temnykh, S, Xu, Y, Cho, YG and McCouch, SR (1997) Development of a microsatellite framework map providing genome-wide coverage in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95: 553–567.
Chen, XF, Laudeman, TW, Rushton, PJ, Thomas, TA and Timko, MP (2007) CGKB: an annotation knowledge base for cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) methylation filtered genomic genespace sequences. BMC Bioinformatics 8: 129.
Choumane, W, Winter, P, Weigand, F and Kahl, G (2000) Conservation and variability of sequence tagged microsatellites sites (STMS) from chickpea (Cicer aerietinum L.) within the genus Cicer. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 101: 269–278.
Coulibaly, S, Pasquet, RS, Papa, R and Gepts, P (2002) AFLP analysis of the phenetic organization and genetic diversity of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. reveals extensive gene flow between wild and domesticated types. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 104: 358–366.
Doebley, J (1989) Isozymic evidence and the evolution of crop plants. In: Soltis, DE and Soltis, PS (eds) Isozymes in Plant Biology. Portland, OR: Dioscorides Press, pp. 165–191.
Dib, C, Faure, S, Fizames, C, Samson, D, Drouot, N, Vignal, A, Millasseau, P, Mare, S, Hazan, J, Seboun, E, Lathrop, G, Gyapay, G, Morisselte, J and Weissenbach, J (1996) A comprehensive genetic map of the human genome based on 5264 microsatellites. Nature 380: 152–154.
Diouf, D and Hilu, KW (2005) Microsatellite and RAPD markers to study genetic relationships among cowpea breeding lines and local varieties in Senegal. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 52: 1957–1967.
Ehlers, JD and Hall, AE (1996) Genotypic classification of cowpea based on responses to heat and photoperiod. Crop Science 36: 673–679.
Ehlers, JD and Hall, AE (1997) Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.). Field Crops Research 53: 187–204.
Eloward, HOA and Hall, AE (1987) Influence of early and late nitrogen fertilization on yield and nitrogen fixation of cowpeas under well-watered and dry field conditions. Field Crops Research 15: 229–244.
Fall, L, Diouf, D, Fall-Ndiaye, MA, Badiane, FA and Gueye, M (2003) Genetic diversity in cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] varieties determined by ARA and RAPD techniques. African Journal of Biotechnology 2: 48–50.
Fang, J, Chao, C-CT, Roberts, OA and Ehlers, JD (2007) Genetic diversity of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] in four West African and USA breeding programs as determined by AFLP analysis. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 54: 1197–1209.
Fatokun, CA, Danesh, D and Young, ND (1993) Molecular taxonomic relationships in the genus Vigna based on the RFLP analysis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 86: 97–104.
Fatokun, CA, Mignouna, HD, Knox, MR and Ellis, THN (1997) AFLP variation among cowpea varieties. Agronomy Abstracts. Madison, WI: ASA, p. 156.
Fery, RL (1985) The genetics of cowpea: a review of the world literature. In: Singh, SR and Rachie, KO (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization. Chichester/New York: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, pp. 25–62.
Fotso, M, Azanza, JL, Pasquet, R and Raymond, J (1994) Molecular homogeneity of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata, Fabaceae) seed storage proteins. Plant Systematics and Evolution 191: 39–56.
Hall, AE (2004) Breeding for adaptation to drought and heat in cowpea. European Journal of Agronomy 21: 447–454.
He, C, Poysa, V and Yu, K (2003) Development and characterization of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and their use in determining relationships among Lycopersicon esculentum cultivars. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 363–373.
Hegde, VS and Mishra, SK (2009) Landraces of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp., as potential sources of genes for unique characters in breeding. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 56: 615–627.
Langyintuo, AS, Lowenberg-DeBoer, J, Faye, M, Lambert, D, Ibro, G, Moussa, B, Kergna, A, Kushwaha, S, Musa, S and Ntoukam, G (2003) Cowpea supply and demand in West Africa. Field Crops Research 82: 215–231.
Li, CD, Fatokun, CA, Ubi, B, Singh, BB and Scoles, GJ (2001) Determining genetic similarities and relationships among cowpea breeding lines and cultivars by microsatellite primers. Crop Science 41: 189–197.
Liu, K and Muse, S (2005) PowerMarker. An integrated analysis environment for genetic marker analysis. Bioinformatics 21: 2128–2129.
Mengoni, A, Gori, A and Bazzicalupo, M (2000) Use of RAPD and microsatellite (SSR) variation to assess genetic relationships among population of tetraploid alfalfa, Medicago sativa. Plant Breeding 118: 1–7.
Mignouna, HD, Ng, NQ, Ikca, J and Thottapilly, G (1998) Genetic diversity in cowpea as revealed by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Journal of Genetics and Breeding 52: 151–159.
Nei, M and Li, WH (1979) Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 76: 5269–5273.
Nkongolo, KK (2003) Genetic characterization of Malawian cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) landraces: diversity and gene flow among accessions. Euphytica 129: 219–228.
Ogunkanmi, LA, Ogundipe, OT, Ng, NQ and Fatokun, CA (2008) Genetic diversity in wild relatives of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) as revealed by simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 6: 253–268.
Panella, L and Gepts, P (1992) Genetic relationships with Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. based on isozyme analyses. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 39: 71–88.
Pasquet, RS (1993) Variation at isoenzyme loci in wild Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. (Fabaceae, Phaseoleae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 186: 157–173.
Pasquet, RS (1999) Genetic relationships among subspecies of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. based on allozyme variation. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 98: 1104–1119.
Pasquet, RS (2000) Allozyme diversity of cultivated cowpea Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 101: 211–219.
Perrino, P, Laghetti, G, Spagnoletti Zeuli, PL and Monti, LM (1993) Diversification of cowpea in the Mediterranean and other centers of cultivation. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 40: 121–132.
Quaye, W, Adofo, K, Madode, YE and Abizari, A-R (2009) Exploratory and multidisciplinary survey of the cowpea network in Tolon-Kumbungu district of Ghana: a food sovereignty perspective. African Journal of Agricultural Research 4: 311–320.
Rongwen, J, Akkaya, MS, Bhagwat, AA, Lavi, U and Cregan, PB (1995) The use of microsatellite DNA markers for soybean genotype identification. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 90: 43–48.
Sanginga, N, Dashiell, KE, Diels, J, Vanlauwe, B, Lyasse, O, Carsky, RJ, Tasawali, S, Asafo-Adjei, B, Menkir, A, Schulz, S, Singh, BB, Chikoye, D, Keatinge, D and Ortiz, R (2003) Sustainable resource management coupled to resilient germplasm to provide new intensive cereal-grain-legume-livestock systems in the dry savanna. Agriculture, Ecosystystems & Environment 100: 305–314.
Simon, MV, Benko-Iseppon, AM, Resende, LV, Winter, P and Kahl, G (2007) Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in Vigna Savi germplasm revealed by DNA amplification fingerprinting. Genome 50: 538–547.
Senior, ML, Murphy, JP, Goodman, MM and Stuber, CW (1998) Utility of SSRs for determining genetic similarities and relationships in maize using an agarose gel system. Crop Science 38: 1088–1098.
Tarawali, SA, Singh, BB, Gupta, SC, Tabo, R, Harris, F, Nokoe, S, Fernandez-Rivera, S, Bationo, A, Manyong, VM, Makinde, K and Odion, EC (2002) Cowpea as a key factor for a new approach to integrated crop–livestock systems research in the dry Savanna of West Africa. In: Fatokun, CA, Tarawali, SA, Singh, BB, Kormawa, PM and Tamo, M (eds) Challenges and Opportunities for Enhancing Sustainable Cowpea Production. Ibadan: IITA, pp. 233–251.
Timko, MP and Singh, BB (2008) Cowpea, a multifunctional legume. In: Moore, PH and Ming, R (eds) Genomics of Tropical Crop Plants. New York, NY: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, pp. 227–258.
Timko, MP, Ehlers, JD and Roberts, PA (2007) Cowpea. In: Kole, C (ed.) Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops, Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants. vol. 3. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp. 49–67.
Timko, MP, Rushton, PJ, Laudeman, TW, Bokowiec, MT, Chipumuro, E, Foo Cheung, F, Town, CD and Chen, XF (2008) Sequencing and analysis of the gene-rich space of cowpea. BMC Genomics 9: 103.
Uma, MS, Hittalamani, S, Murthy, BCK and Viswanatha, KP (2009) Microsatellite DNA marker aided diversity analysis in cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.]. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 69: 35–43.
Vaillancourt, RE and Weeden, NF (1992) Chloroplast DNA polymorphism suggests a Nigerian centre of domestication for the cowpea Vigna unguiculata (Leguminisae). American Journal of Botany 79: 1194–1199.
Vaillancourt, RE, Weeden, NF and Barnard, J (1993) Isozyme diversity in the cowpea species complex. Crop Science 33: 606–613.
Wang, ML, Barkley, NA, Gillaspie, GA and Pederson, GA (2008) Phylogenetic relationships and genetic diversity of the USDA Vigna germplasm collection revealed by gene-derived markers and sequencing. Genetic Resarch 90: 467–480.
Weising, K, Winter, P, Huttel, B and Kahl, G (1998) Microsatellite marker for molecular breeding. Journal of Crop Production 1: 113–143.
Winter, P, Pfaff, T, Udupa, SM, Huttel, B, Sharma, PC, Sahi, S, Arreguin-Espinoza, R, Weigand, F, Muehlbauer, FJ and Kahl, G (1999) Characterisation and mapping of sequence-tagged microsatellites sites in the chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genome. Molecular and General Genetics 262: 90–101.
Xavier, GR, Martins, LMV, Rumjanek, NG and Filho, FRF (2005) Variabilidade genética em acessos de caupi analisada por meio de marcadores RAPD. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira (Brasília) 40: 353–359.
Xu, P, Wu, X, Wang, B, Liu, Y, Quin, D, Ehlers, JD, Close, TJ, Hu, T, Lu, Z and Li, G (2010) Development and polymorphism of Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata microsatellite markers used for phylogenetic analysis in asparagus bean (Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedialis (L.) Verdc.). Molecular Breeding .
Zannou, A, Kossou, DK, Ahanchédé, A, Zoundjihékpon, J, Agbicodo, E, Struik, PC and Sanni, A (2008) Genetic variability of cultivated cowpea in Benin assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA. African Journal of Biotechnology 7: 4407–4414.