Abinasa, M, Ayana, A and Bultosa, G (2011) Genetic variability, hertitability and traits associations in durum wheat (Triticumturgidum L. var. durum) genotypes. African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agrama, H and Tuinstra, M (2003) Phylogenetic diversity and relationship sorghum accessions using SSRs and RAPDs. African Journal of Biotechnology
Al-Doss, A, Elshafei, A, Moustafa, K, Saleh, M and Barakat, M (2011) Comparative analysis of diversity based on morpho-agronomic traits and molecular markers in durum wheat under heat stress. African Journal of Biotechnology
Allard, R (1960) Principles of Plant Breeding. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons.
Annicchiarico, P and Pecetti, L (2003) Developing a tall durum wheat plant type for semi-arid, Mediterramean cereal-livestock farming systems. Field Crops Research
Araya, A and Stroosnijder, L (2010) Effects of tied ridges and mulch on barley (Hordeum vulgare) rainwater use efficiency and production in Northern Ethiopia. Agricultural Water Management
Bellucci, A, Torp, A, Bruun, S, Magid, J, Andersen, S and Rasmussen, S (2015) Association mapping in Scandinavian winter wheat for yield, plant height, and traits important for second-generation bioethanol production. Frontiers in Plant Science
6: 1046. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.01046.
Ben Amar, F (1997) Populations locales de blé duretleurutilité dans la région semi-aride du Kef enTunisie. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter
Bertan, I, Irajá, F, Carvalho, F, Oliveira, C, Benin, G, Vieira, E and Valério, I (2009) Morphological, pedigree, and molecular distances and their association with hybrid wheat performance. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Bradshaw, J, Hackett, C, Pande, B, Waugh, R and Bryan, G (2008) QTL mapping of yield, agronomic and quality traits in tetraploid potato (Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum). Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Ceccarelli, S (2012) Plant Breeding with Farmers: A Technical Manual. Aleppo, Syria: ICARDA.
Fufa, H, Baenziger, P, Beecher, B, Weikat, I, Graybosch, R and Eskridge, K (2005) Comparison of phenotypic and molecular marker-based classifications of hard red winter wheat cultivars. Euphytica
Hammer, K and Diederichsen, A (2009) Evolution, status and perspectives for landraces in Europe. In Veteläinen, M, Negri, V and Maxted, N (eds) European Landraces On-Farm Conservation, Management and Use. Bioversity Technical Bulletin No. 15. Rome, Italy: Bioversity International, pp. 23–44.
Hammer, Ø, Harper, D and Ryan, P (2001) PAST: Paleontological Statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologica Electronica
4: P 9.
Haussman, B and Parzies, H (2009) Methodologies for generating variability. Part 1: use of genetic resources in plant breeding. In: Ceccarelli, S, Guimarães, EP and Weltzein, E (eds) Plant Breeding and Farmer Participation. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), pp. 107–128.
Institute of Biodiversity conservation (IBC) (2008) Ethiopia: Second Country Report on the State of PGRFA to FAO. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Available at http://www.pgrfa.org
Jemanesh, K, Hammer, K, Ayele, B, Nachit, M and Röder, M (2013) Genetic diversity assessment of Ethiopian tetraploid wheat FVs and IMVs using microsatellites and markers linked with stem rust resistance. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
Klindworth, D, Miller, J, Jin, Y and Xu, S (2007) Chromosomal of genes for stem rust resistance in monogenic lines derived from tetraploid wheat accession ST464. Crop Science
Lopes, M, El-Basyoni, I, Baenziger, P, Singh, S, Royo, C, Ozbek, K, Aktas, H, Ozer, E, Ozdemir, F, Manickavelu, A, Ban, T and Vikram, P (2015) Exploiting genetic diversity from FVs in wheat breeding for adaptation to climate change. Journal of Experimental Botany
McClean, P, Myers, J and Hammond, J (1993) Coefficient of parentage and cluster analysis of north American dry bean cultivars. Crop science
Mengistu, D and Pè, M (2016) Revisiting the ignored Ethiopian durum wheat (Triticumturgidum var. durum) landraces for genetic diversity exploitation in future wheat breeding programs. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Mengistu, D, Afeworki, Y, Fadda, C and Pè, M (2015) Ethiopian durum wheat landraces harbor resistant genotypes for terminal drought adaptation. In: Girmay, G, Amanuel, Z, Habtam, T, Dereje, A, Tsehaye, A, Ayele, B, Tesfaye, M and Goitom, T (eds). Improving Food Security in the Face of Climate Change in Africa. Proceeding of the international conference. 13–15 July, 2015, Institute of Climate and Society, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
Mengistu, D, Kidane, Y, Catellani, M, Frascaroli, E, Fadda, C, Pè, M and Dell'Acqua, M (2016) High-density molecular characterization and association mapping in Ethiopian durum wheat landraces reveals high diversity and potential for wheat breeding. Journal of Plant Biotechnology
Mez-Hausken, E (2004) Contrasting climate variability and meteorological drought with perceived drought and climate change in northern Ethiopia. Climate research
Minitab 16 Statistical Software (2010) Computer Software. Minitab, Inc.: State College, PA.
Mohammadi, R, Sadeghzadeh, B, Ahmadi, H, Bahrami, N and Amri, A (2015) Field evaluation of durum wheat FVs for prevailing abiotic and biotic stresses in highland rainfed regions of Iran. Crop Journal
Mondini, L, Farina, A, Porceddu, E and Pagnotta, M (2009) Analysis of durum wheat germplasm adapted to different climatic conditions. Annals of Applied Biology
Negassa, M (1986) Estimates of phenotypic diversity and breeding potential of Ethiopian wheat. Hereditas
Payne, R, Harding, S, Murray, D, Soutar, D, Baird, D, Glaser, A, Channing, I, Welham, S, Glimour, A, Thompson, R and Webster, R (2009) A Guide to REML in Genstat. UK: VSN international.
Ren, J, Sun, D, Chen, L, You, F, Wang, J, Peng, Y, Nevo, E, Sun, D, Luo, M and Peng, J (2013) Genetic diversity revealed by single nucleotide polymorphism markers in a worldwide germplasm collection of durum wheat. International Journal of Molecular Science
Singh, R, Chaudhary, B (1985) Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Analysis. New Delhi, India: Kalayani Publishers.
Sorrells, M and Wilsons, W (1997) Direct classification and selection of superior alleles for crop improvement. Crop Science
Tagel, G and van der Veen, A (2013) Assessing the evidence of climate variability in the northern part of Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Tar′an, B, Zhang, C, Warkentin, T, Tullu, A and Vandenberg, A (2005) Genetic diversity among varieties and wild species accessions of pea (Pisum sativum L.) based on molecular markers, and Morphological and physiological characters. Genome
Tesfaye, M (2009) Assessing drought tolerance and diversity in turgidum wheat (Triticum Turgidum L.) FVs collected from shewa region. Journal of the Drylands
Thuillet, A, Bataillon, T, Poirier, S, Santoni, S and David, JL (2005) Estimation of long-term effective population sizes through the history of durum wheat using microsatellite data. Genetics
Toledo, F, Carvalho, C, Arias, C, Almeida, L, Brogin, R, Oliveira, M, Moreira, J, Ribeiro, A and Hiromoto, D (2006) Genotype and environment interaction on soybean yield in Mato Grosso State, Brazil José. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira Brasília
Tsegaye, D, Dessalegn, T, Dessalegn, Y and Share, G (2012) Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in durum wheat germplasm (Triticum durumDesf). Agricultural Research and Reviews
Van Inghelandt, D, Melchinger, A, Lebreton, C and Stich, B (2010) Population structure and genetic diversity in a commercial maize breeding program assessed with SSR and SNP markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Vargas, M, Combs, E, Alvarado, G, Atlin, G, Mathews, K and Crossa, J (2013) META: A suite of SAS programs to analyze multienvironment breeding trials. Agronomy Journal
Vavilov, N (1951) The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated crops. Chronicles Botany
Vieira, E, de Carvalho, F, Bertan, I, Kopp, M, Zimmer, P, Benin, G, da Silva, J, Hartwig, I, Malone, G and de Oliveira, A (2007) QTL mapping of the domestication traits pre- harvest sprouting and dormancy in wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). Genetics and Molecular Biology
Yousaf, A, Atta, B, Akhter, J, Monneveux, P and Lateef, Z (2008) Genetic variability, association and diversity studies in wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) germplasm. Pakistan Journal of Botany