L'Emploi du temps is a metapoetic roman á thése that demonstrates the views on language Butor expresses in his theoretical essays. Parodying Proust, Butor undermines the idea that memory or language can recover an authentic layer of experience. By creating a text on two levels, a level of unsuccessful referentiality and a level of language as an autonomous entity, he replaces the notion of a vertical relation between text and referent with the notion of the bookto- be-continued. As description cedes to metaphor, metaphors crystallize into myths, and the narrator's “original experience” comes to reflect previous works of art, Revel's retrospective diary blossoms into imaginative creation. The “empty center” of the referential narrative, the missing date February 29, becomes the open end of Revel's novel. Four double metaphors—the labyrinth, the map, weaving, and the mirror—which are crossover points in the novel's chiastic structure, engage both the referent (Revel's year in Bleston) and the process of recreating it in writing.