In Hawaii six languages are spoken by sizable groups of people in addition to the official language, English, and the lingua franca, Pidgin. They are: Japanese, Hawaiian, Cantonese, Korean, Portuguese, and Ilocano. No exact figures exist for the numbers of speakers in each group. Some indication, however, can be gained by consulting the 1950 census distribution by “race” of the Islands' population: Japanese 39%, Caucasian 23%, Hawaiian 17%, Filipino 12%, Chinese 6.4%, Korean 1.4%, other 1.2%. Allowance must also be made for the facts that some Hawaiians cannot speak Hawaiian, that some of our Chinese speak Mandarin, and that about ten percent of the local Filipinos speak Visayan or Tagalog rather than Ilocano. Obviously, in a government report, the Portuguese are included as Caucasians; locally they are considered a group apart.