Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-747cfc64b6-7hjq6 Total loading time: 0.174 Render date: 2021-06-16T18:04:10.297Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Article contents

A method for trend-based change analysis in Arctic tundra using the 25-year Landsat archive

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 November 2011

Robert Fraser
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Earth Sciences Sector, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, 588 Booth St., Ottawa, ON, K1A0Y7, Canada (Robert.Fraser@NRCan.gc.ca)
Ian Olthof
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Earth Sciences Sector, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, 588 Booth St., Ottawa, ON, K1A0Y7, Canada (Robert.Fraser@NRCan.gc.ca)
Mélanie Carrière
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Earth Sciences Sector, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, 588 Booth St., Ottawa, ON, K1A0Y7, Canada (Robert.Fraser@NRCan.gc.ca)
Alice Deschamps
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Earth Sciences Sector, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, 588 Booth St., Ottawa, ON, K1A0Y7, Canada (Robert.Fraser@NRCan.gc.ca)
Darren Pouliot
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Earth Sciences Sector, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, 588 Booth St., Ottawa, ON, K1A0Y7, Canada (Robert.Fraser@NRCan.gc.ca)
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Remote sensing has provided evidence of vegetation changes in Arctic tundra that may be attributable to recent climate warming. These changes are evident from local scales as expanding shrub cover observed in aerial photos, to continental scales as greening trends based on satellite vegetation indices. One challenge in applying conventional two date, satellite change detection in tundra environments is the short growing season observation window, combined with high inter-annual variability in vegetation conditions. We present an alternative approach for investigating tundra vegetation and surface cover changes based on trend analysis of long-term (1985-present) Landsat TM/ETM+ image stacks. The Tasseled Cap brightness, greenness, and wetness indices, representing linear transformations of the optical channels, are analysed for per-pixel trends using robust linear regression. The index trends are then related to changes in fractional shrub and other vegetation covers using a regression tree classifier trained with high resolution land cover. Fractional trends can be summarised by vegetation or ecosystem type to reveal any consistent patterns. Example results are shown for a 3 000 km2 study area in northern Yukon, Canada where index and fractional changes are related to growth of vascular plants and coastal erosion.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2011

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Bhatt, U.S., Walker, D.A., Raynolds, M.K., Comiso, J.C., Epstein, H.E., Jia, G., Gens, R., Pinzon, J.E., Tucker, C.J., Tweedie, C.E., and Webber, P.J.. 2010. Circumpolar Arctic tundra vegetation change is linked to sea-ice decline. Earth Interactions 14: 120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boelman, N.T., Stieglitz, M., Griffin, K.L., and Shaver, G.R.. 2005. Inter-annual variability of NDVI in response to long-term warming and fertilization in wet sedge and tussock tundra. Oecologia 143: 588597.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Buus-Hinkler, J., Hansen, B.U., Tamstorf, M.P., and Pedersen, S.B.. 2006. Snow-vegetation relations in a High Arctic ecosystem: Inter-annual variability inferred from new monitoring and modeling concepts. Remote Sensing of Environment 105: 237247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chander, G., Markham, B.L., and Helder, D.L.. 2009. Summary of current radiometric calibration coefficients for Landsat MSS, TM, ETM+, and EO-1 ALI sensors. Remote Sensing of Environment 113: 893903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapin, F. S. III, Shaver, G.R., Giblin, A.E., Nadelhoffer, K.J., and Laundre, J.A.. 1995. Responses of arctic tundra to experimental and observed changes in climate. Ecology 76: 694711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, W.B., Spies, T., Alig, R.J., Oetter, D.R., Maiersperger, T.K., and Fiorella, M.. 2002. Characterizing 23 years (1972–95) of stand replacement disturbance in western Oregon forests with Landsat imagery. Ecosystems 5: 122137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crist, E.P., and Cicone, R.C.. 1984. A physically-based transformation of thematic mapper data—The TM tasseled cap. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing GE-22: 256263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dowdeswell, E.K., Dowdeswell, J.A., and Cawkwell, F.. 2007. On the glaciers of Bylot Island, Nunavut, Arctic Canada. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 39: 402411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Epstein, H.E., Calef, M.P., Walker, M.D., Chapin III, F.S., and Starfield, A.M.. 2004. Detecting changes in arctic tundra plant communities in response to warming over decadal time scales. Global Change Biology 10: 13251334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fernandes, R., Fraser, R., Latifovic, R., Cihlar, J., Beaubien, J., and Du, Y.. 2004. Approaches to fractional land cover and continuous field mapping: a comparative assessment over the BOREAS study region. Remote Sensing of Environment 89: 234251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fraser, R.H., Olthof, I., and Pouliot, D.. 2009. Monitoring land cover change and ecological integrity in Canada's national parks. Remote Sensing of Environment 113: 13971409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goetz, S., Bunn, A., Fiske, G., and Houghton, R.. 2005. Satellite-observed photosynthetic trends across North America associated with climate and fire disturbance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102: 1352113525.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Goodwin, N.R., Coops, N.C., Wulder, M.A., and Gillanders, S.. 2008. Estimation of insect infestation dynamics using a temporal sequence of Landsat data. Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 36803689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gould, W., Mecado, J.A. Diaz, and Zimmerman, J.K.. 2009. Twenty year record of vegetation change from long-term plots in Alaskan tundra. Estes Park, CO: LTER (LTER all scientists meeting ‘Integrating science and society in a world of constant change, 14–16 September 2009). URL: http://asm.lternet.edu/2009/posters/twenty-year-record-vegetation-change-long-term-plots-alaskan-tundraGoogle Scholar
Hill, G.B., and Henry, G.H.R.. 2010. Responses of a High Arctic wet sedge tundra to climate warming since 1980. Global Change Biology doi:10.1111/j.1365–2486.2010.02244.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huang, C., Wylie, B., Yang, L., Homer, C., and Zylstra, G.. 2002. Derivation of a tasselled cap transformation based on Landsat 7 at-satellite reflectance. International Journal of Remote Sensing 23: 17411748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huang, C., Goward, S.N., Masek, J.G., Thomas, N., Zhu, Z., and Vogelmann, J.E.. 2010. An automated approach for reconstructing recent forest disturbance history using dense Landsat time series stacks. Remote Sensing of Environment 114, 183198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hudson, J.M.G., and Henry, G.H.R.. 2009. Increased plant biomass in a High Arctic heath community from 1981 to 2008. Ecology 90: 26572663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Irish, R.R., Barker, J.L., Coward, S.N., and Arvldson, T.. 2006. Characterization of the Landsat-7 ETM+ automated cloud-cover assessment (ACCA) algorithm. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 72: 11791188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jia, G.J., Epstein, H.E., and Walker, D.A.. 2009. Vegetation greening in the Canadian Arctic related to warming and sea ice decline. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 11: 22312238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kendall, M.G., and Stuart, A.S.. 1967. Advanced theory of statistics. Vol. 2. London: Charles Griffin and Company.Google Scholar
Kennedy, C. 2008. Vegetation change on Herschel Island and the Ivvavik coastal plain. Pg 110–114 In: Keeping track. Whitehorse: Environment Yukon (2007 Yukon north slope conference. Environmental monitoring and reporting in wildlife management. Summary report). URL: http://www.wmacns.ca/pdfs/224_2007_NSC-SummaryReport.pdfGoogle Scholar
Kennedy, R.E., Cohen, W.B., and Schroeder, T.A.. 2007. Trajectory-based change detection for automated characterization of forest disturbance dynamics. Remote Sensing of Environment 110: 370386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kennedy, R.E., Yang, Z., and Cohen, W.B.. 2010. Detecting trends in forest disturbance and recovery using yearly Landsat time series: 1. LandTrendr — temporal segmentation algorithms. Remote Sensing of Environment 114: 28972910.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Labrecque, S., Lacelle, D., Duguay, C., Lauriol, B., and Hawkings, J.. 2009. Contemporary (1951–2001) evolution of lakes in the Old Crow Basin, Northern Yukon, Canada: remote sensing, numerical modelling, and stable isotope analysis. Arctic 62: 225238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lantuit, H., and Pollard, W.H. 2008. Fifty years of coastal erosion and retrogressive thaw slump activity on Herschel Island, southern Beaufort Sea, Yukon Territory, Canada. Geomorphology 95: 84102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Latifovic, R., Trishchenko, A.P., Chen, J., Park, W.B., Kholpenkov, K.V., Fernandes, R., Pouliot, D., Ungureanu, C., Luo, Y., Wang, S., Davidson, A., and Cihlar, J. 2005. Generating historical AVHRR 1 km baseline satellite data records over Canada suitable for climate change studies. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 31: 324346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mars, J.C., and Houseknecht, D.W.. 2007. Quantitative remote sensing study indicates doubling of coastal erosion rate in past 50 yr along a segment of the Arctic coast of Alaska. Geology 35: 583586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olthof, I., and Fraser, R.H.. 2007. Mapping northern land cover fractions using Landsat ETM+. Remote Sensing of Environment 107: 496509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olthof, I., Pouliot, D., Latifovic, R., and Chen, W.. 2008. Recent (1986–2006) vegetation-specific NDVI trends in Northern Canada from satellite data. Arctic 61: 381394.Google Scholar
Olthof, I., Latifovic, R., and Pouliot, D.. 2009. Development of a circa 2000 land cover map of northern Canada at 30 m resolution from Landsat. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 35: 152165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parks Canada Agency. 2009. Ivvavik National Park of Canada: natural environment. URL: http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/yt/ivvavik/natcul/natcul1.aspxGoogle Scholar
Pouliot, D., Latifovic, R., and Olthof, I.. 2008. Detection and evaluation of NDVI trends in Canada from 1985–2006. International Journal of Remote Sensing 30: 149168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Riedel, S.M., Epstein, H.E., and Walker, D.A.. 2005. Biotic controls over spectral reflectance of arctic tundra vegetation. International Journal of Remote Sensing 26: 23912405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Riordan, B., Verbyla, D., and McGuire, A.D.. 2006. Shrinking ponds in subarctic Alaska based on 1950–2002 remotely sensed images. Journal of Geophysical Research 111: G04002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Röder, A., Udelhoven, T., Hill, J., del Barrio, G., and Tsiourlis, G.. 2008. Trend analysis of Landsat-TM and -ETM +imagery to monitor grazing impact in a rangeland ecosystem in Northern Greece. Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 28632875.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Selkowitz, D.J.. 2010. A comparison of multi-spectral, multi-angular, and multi-temporal remote sensing datasets for fractional shrub canopy mapping in Arctic Alaska. Remote Sensing of Environment 114: 13381352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Silapaswan, C.S., Verbyla, D.L., and McGuire, A.D.. 2001. Land cover change on the Seward Peninsula: the use of remote sensing to evaluate the potential influences of climate warming on historical vegetation dynamics. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 27: 542554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stow, D.A., Burns, B.H., and Hope, A.S.. 1993. Spectral, spatial and temporal characteristics of Arctic tundra reflectance. International Journal of Remote Sensing 14: 24452462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stow, D.A., Hope, A., Mcguire, D., Verbyla, D., Gamon, J., Huemmrich, F., Houston, S., Racine, C., Sturm, M., Tape, K., Hinzman, L., Yoshikawa, K., Tweedie, C., Noyle, B., Silapswan, C., Douglas, D., Griffith, B., Jia, G., Epstein, H., Walker, D., Daeschner, S., Petersen, A., Zhou, L., and Myneni, R.. 2004. Remote sensing of vegetation and land-cover change in Arctic tundra ecosystems. Remote Sensing of Environment 89: 281308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sturm, M., Racine, C., and Tape, K.. 2001. Increasing shrub abundance in the Arctic. Nature 411: 546547.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tape, K., Matthew, S., and Racine, C.. 2006. The evidence for shrub expansion in Northern Alaska and the Pan-Arctic. Global Change Biology 12: 686702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vogelmann, J.E., Tolk, B., and Zhu, Z.. 2009. Monitoring forest changes in the southwestern United States using multitemporal Landsat data. Remote Sensing of Environment 113: 17391748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, D.A. 2000. Hierarchical subdivision of Arctic tundra based on vegetation response to climate, parent material and topography. Global Change Biology 6: 1934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, M.D., Wahren, C.H., Hollister, R.D., Henry, G.H.R., Ahlquist, L.E., Alatalo, J.M., Bret-Harte, M.S., Calef, M.P., Callaghan, T.V., Carroll, A.B., Epstein, H.E., Jónsdóttir, I.S., Klein, J.A., Magnússon, B., Molau, U., Oberbauer, S.F., Rewa, S.P., Robinson, C.H., Shaver, G.R., Suding, K.N., Thompson, C.C., Tolvanen, A., , A., Totland, Ø, Turner, P.L., Tweedie, C.E., Webber, P.J., and Wookey, P.A.. 2006. Plant community responses to experimental warming across the tundra biome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103: 13421346.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Xu, M., Watanachaturaporn, P., Varshney, P.K., and Arora, M.K.. 2005. Decision tree regression for soft classification of remote sensing data. Remote Sensing of Environment 97: 322336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
21
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

A method for trend-based change analysis in Arctic tundra using the 25-year Landsat archive
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

A method for trend-based change analysis in Arctic tundra using the 25-year Landsat archive
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

A method for trend-based change analysis in Arctic tundra using the 25-year Landsat archive
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *