Skip to main content
×
Home

A comparative analysis of the Su-pung-er and Bayne testimonies related to the Franklin expedition

  • Tom Gross (a1) and Russell S. Taichman (a2)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

During Charles Francis Hall's second Arctic expedition (1864–1869) to find survivors and/or documents of Sir John Franklin's 1845 Northwest Passage expedition, two separate Inuit testimonies were recorded of a potential burial vault of a high-ranking officer. The first testimony was provided by a Boothia Inuk named Su-pung-er. The second testimony was documented by Captain Peter Bayne who, at the time, was employed by Hall. To date the vault has not been found. Recently, both the HMS Erebus and HMS Terror have been located. The discovery of these vessels was made possible, in part, by Inuit testimony of encounters with and observations of the Franklin expedition. The findings of the Erebus and Terror have significantly bolstered the view that the Inuit accurately reported their observations and interactions with the Franklin crew. The purpose of this paper is to publish in their entirety Hall's notes from conversations with Su-pung-er focused on the vaults and to compare these observations to those reported in the Bayne testimony. It is our hope that in so doing the final major archaeological site of the Franklin expedition may be located.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Burwash L. T. (1931). Canada's western Arctic: report on investigations in 1925–26, 1928–29, and 1930. Ottawa: Department of the Interior.
Canadian Ice Service. (2016). Seasonal summary for North American Arctic waters – summer 2016. Retrieved from https://www.ec.gc.ca/glaces-ice/6BD77470-9C51-4B05-8BA9-2F047EFCC938/20161228_sumarsue_summer2016.pdf.
Cyriax R. J. (1969). The unsolved problem of the Franklin expedition records supposedly buried on King William Island. Mariner's Mirror, 55, 2332.
Evening Post . (1930, February 10). Franklin's grave, clues to location, expedition to search. Retrieved from https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/EP19300210.2.55.
Gilder W. H. (1881). Schwatka's search: sledging in the arctic in quest of the Franklin records. London: S. Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington.
Gross T. (2006). The Bayne project, Cape Felix, King William Island, NU, August 2006: archaeological permit no. 2006–011A. Iglooli: Government of Nunavut.
Gross T. (2012). The Peter Bayne story: the investigation of Inuit testimony relating to Sir John Franklin's Last Arctic Expedition. The Society for Historical Archaeology News Letter, 4, 17–18. Retrieved from https://sha.org/assets/documents/Spring2012.pdf.
Hall C. F. (1864). Life with the Esquimaux: the narrative of Captain Charles Francis Hall, of the whaling barque "George Henry,” from the 29th May, 1860, to the 13th September, 1862. London: S. Low, Son, and Marston.
Hall C. F. (1866a). Journal kept by Hall 1866 May–June 1866. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1866b). Hall's KWI. Note book 45. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F (1866c). Hall traveling notebooks, May 8–11, 1866. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1866d). Journal kept by Hall, 1866 May–June 1866. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1866e). Hall's field notes labeled May 3–7, 1866. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1866f). Hall traveling notebook. May 25–26, 1866. Entry for May 25, 1866. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1866g). Hall's field notes June 3 & 4th, 1866 (pp. 10, 20). Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1866h). Hall traveling notebook June 5–June 10, 1866. Entry for June 5, 1866. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1866i). Hall traveling notebook June 5–June 10, 1866. Entry for Thursday June 7, 1866. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1868a) Sir John Franklin Book – continuing information gained from time to time of the Innuits relative to Franklin's Last Expedition by C.F. Hall, Repulse Bay. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1868b). Journal “A” by Hall, during the time he spent with the Esquimaux during his 2nd expedition, 1868 December. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1868c). Journal kept by Hall, 1868 April–1869 June. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. (1869). Hall's journal “B,” 1869 January–1869 July. Washington, DC: C.F. Hall Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Hall C. F. & Nourse J. E. (1879). Narrative of the second Arctic expedition made by Charles F. Hall: his voyage to Repulse bay, sledge journeys to the straits of Fury and Hecla and to King William's land, and residence among the Eskimos, during the years 1864–'69 (644 pp.). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
Harrisburg Telegraph . (1916, May 8). Arctic cruise honeymoon. Retrieved from chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038411/1916-05-08/ed-1/seq-1.pdf.
House of Commons and Command. (1851). Papers relating to the Arctic relief expeditions, October 12, 1850. Parliamentary Papers, 33, 6870.
Kilmer C. G. (1868). Correspondence between C.B. Kilmer and Henry Grinnell, 1868. Washington, DC: C.H. Hall Collection, Smithsonian 2157.084 Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Klutschak H. & Barr W. (1987). Overland to starvation cove: with the Inuit in search of Franklin, 1878–1880. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
McClintock F. L. (1860). The voyage of the 'Fox' in the Arctic seas: a narrative of the discovery of the fate of Sir John Franklin and his companions. Boston: Ticknor and Fields.
Morning Oregonian . (1913, April 26). Hunt for Franklin's body planned. Retrieved from http://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn83025138/1913-04-26/ed-1/seq-1/.
Potter R. (2016) Finding Franklin: the untold story of a 165-year search. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
Rae J. (1889). The Arctic regions and Hudson's Bay route. Winnipeg: Manitoba Historical and Scientific Society.
Schwatka F. (1899). The search for Franklin. A narrative of the American expedition under Lieutenant Schwatka, 1878 to 1880. London: T. Nelson and Sons.
Scientific American . (1913, June 21). A Septuagenarian Arctic explorer (p. 569).
Woodman D. C. (1991). Unravelling the Franklin mystery: Inuit testimony. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
Woodman D. C. (1994). Project Supunger. NWT research database. Inuvik: Aurora Research Institute. Retrieved from http://data.nwtresearch.com/Scientific/12731.
Woodman D. C. (1995a). Strangers among us. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
Woodman D. C. (1995b, March/April). Probing the Franklin mystery (p. 90). Canadian Geographic. Retrieved from https://www.canadiangeographic.ca/sites/cgcorp/files/images/web_articles/2014-victoria-strait-expedition/docs/1995_marapr_canadian_geographic.pdf.
Woodman D. C. (2010). Correspondence between D.C. Woodman and R. Potter regarding Irving's Grave. Retrieved from http://www.ric.edu/faculty/rpotter/temp/Woodman_letter.pdf.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Polar Record
  • ISSN: 0032-2474
  • EISSN: 1475-3057
  • URL: /core/journals/polar-record
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 14 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 278 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 26th October 2017 - 25th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.