Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-8bbf57454-lngfr Total loading time: 0.301 Render date: 2022-01-21T15:43:33.268Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

City limits to partisan polarization in the American public

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 February 2021

Amalie Jensen
Affiliation:
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
William Marble
Affiliation:
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Kenneth Scheve*
Affiliation:
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
Matthew J. Slaughter
Affiliation:
Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA
*
*Corresponding author. Email: kenneth.scheve@yale.edu

Abstract

How pervasive is partisan sorting and polarization over public policies in the American public? We examine whether the barriers of partisan sorting and polarization seen in national politics extend to important local policies that shape economic development. To describe the extent of partisan sorting and polarization over local development policies, we employ conjoint survey experiments in representative surveys of eight US metropolitan areas and a hierarchical modeling strategy for studying heterogeneity across respondents. We find that strong partisans are sorted by party in some of their policy opinions, but rarely polarized. The same voters who disagree about national issues have similar preferences about local development issues suggesting a greater scope for bipartisan problem solving at the local level.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the European Political Science Association

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abramowitz, AI (2006) Disconnected, or joined at the hip? In Nivola, PS and Brady, DW (eds), Red and Blue Nation? Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press, pp. 7285.Google Scholar
Abramowitz, AI (2010) The Disappearing Center: Engaged Citizens, Polarization, and American Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Ballard-Rosa, C, Martin, L and Scheve, K (2017) The structure of American Income Tax Policy preferences. Journal of Politics 79, 116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berry, C and Glaeser, E (2005) The divergence of human capital levels across cities. Papers in Regional Science 84, 407444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brader, T, Tucker, J and Therriault, A (2014) Cross pressure scores: an individual-level measure of cumulative partisan pressures arising from Social Group Memberships. Political Behavior 36, 2351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carpenter, B, Gelman, A, Hoffman, MD, Lee, D, Goodrich, B, Betancourt, M, Brubaker, M, Guo, J, Li, P and Riddell, A (2017) Stan: a probabilistic programming language. Journal of Statistical Software 76, 132. http://www.jstatsoft.org/v76/i01/.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Benedictis-Kessner, J and Warshaw, C (2016) Mayoral Partisanship and Municipal Fiscal Policy. Journal of Politics 78, 1241138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferreira, F and Gyourko, J (2009) Do political parties matter? evidence from U.S. Cities. Quarterly Journal of Economics 124, 99422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fiorina, MP and Abrams, SJ (2008) Political polarization in the American public. Annual Review of Political Science 11, 563588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fiorina, MP, Abrams, SJ and Pope, JC (2005) Culture War? The Myth of a Polarized America. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Ganong, P and Shoag, D (2017) Why has regional income convergence in the U.S declined? Journal of Urban Economics 102, 7690.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gelman, A and Hill, J (2007) Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Gelman, A, Hill, J and Yajima, M (2012) Why we (Usually) don't have to worry about multiple comparisons. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness 5, 189211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerber, ER and Hopkins, DJ (2011) When mayors matter: estimating the impact of mayoral partisanship on city policy. American Journal of Political Science 55, 326339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerber, ER, Henry, AD and Lubell, M (2013) Political homophily and collaboration in regional planning networks. American Journal of Political Science 57, 598610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hainmueller, J, Hopkins, DJ and Yamamoto, T (2014) Causal inference in conjoint analysis: understanding multidimensional choices via stated preference experiments. Political Analysis 22, 130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hansen, KM, Olsen, AL and Bech, M (2015) Cross-national yardstick comparisons: a choice experiment on a forgotten voter heuristic. Political Behavior 37, 767789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hopkins, DJ (2018) The Increasingly United States: How and Why American Political Behavior Nationalized. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacobson, GC (2003) Partisan polarization in presidential support: the electoral connection. Congress and the Presidency 30, 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaufmann, KM (2004) The Urban Voter: Group Conflict and Mayoral Voting Behavior in American Cities. University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levendusky, M (2009) The Partisan Sort: How Liberals Became Democrats and Conservatives Became Republicans. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mason, L (2015) “I Disrespectfully agree”: the differential effects of partisan sorting on social and issue polarization. American Journal of Political Science 59, 128145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moretti, E (2012) The New Geography of Jobs. Boston: Mariner Books.Google Scholar
Nall, C (2018) The Road to Inequality: How the Federal Highway Program Polarized America and Undermined Cities. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oliver, JE, Ha, SE and Callen, Z (2012) Local Elections and the Politics of Small-Scale Democracy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Peterson, PE (1981) City Limits. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rugh, JS and Trounstine, J (2011) The provision of local public goods in diverse communities: analyzing municipal bond elections. Journal of Politics 73, 10381050.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tausanovitch, C and Warshaw, C (2014) Representation in municipal government. American Political Science Review 108, 605641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: Link

Jensen et al. Dataset

Link
Supplementary material: PDF

Jensen et al. supplementary material

Jensen et al. supplementary material

Download Jensen et al. supplementary material(PDF)
PDF 608 KB
4
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

City limits to partisan polarization in the American public
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

City limits to partisan polarization in the American public
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

City limits to partisan polarization in the American public
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *