Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-kfj7r Total loading time: 0.251 Render date: 2022-12-07T03:46:12.569Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

How transnational party alliances influence national parties' policies

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 January 2021

Roman Senninger*
Affiliation:
Department of Political Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Daniel Bischof
Affiliation:
Department of Political Science, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Lawrence Ezrow
Affiliation:
Department of Government, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
*
*Corresponding author. Email: rsenninger@ps.au.dk

Abstract

Previous research reports that parties in established European democracies learn from and emulate the successful election strategies of foreign incumbents, i.e., successful parties are influential abroad. We theorize that—in addition to incumbency (or success)—exchange takes place through transnational party alliances in the European Union. Relying on party manifesto data and spatial econometric analyses, we show that belonging to the same European Parliament (EP) party group enhances learning and emulation processes between national political parties. Estimated short- and long-term effects are approximately two and three times greater when foreign incumbents are in the same EP party group compared to other foreign incumbents. Our results have implications for our understanding of how transnational party groups influence national parties’ policy positions.

Type
Research Note
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the European Political Science Association

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

We are thankful for comments by three reviewers, the editor in charge Anja Neundorf, Tarik Abou-Chadi, Tobias Böhmelt, Patrícia Calca, Nils Düpont, Noam Gidron, Fabrizio Gilardi, Roni Lehrer, and Arjan Schakal. Previous versions of this paper have been presented at Aarhus University, University of Mannheim, University of Zurich, and MPSA 2019. We are thankful for all comments shared by the audience at these seminars. Replication files are published in the Political Science Research and Methods Dataverse (https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/3FPTQT)

References

Abou-Chadi, T and Stoetzer, LF (2020) How parties react to voter transitions. American Political Science Review 114, 940945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Adams, J and Somer-Topcu, Z (2009) Policy adjustment by parties in response to rival parties’ policy shifts: spatial theory and the dynamics of party competition in twenty-five post-war democracies. British Journal of Political Science 39, 825846.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Adams, J, Clark, M, Ezrow, L and Glasgow, G (2006) Are niche parties fundamentally different from mainstream parties? The causes and the electoral consequences of Western European parties’ policy shifts, 1976–1998. American Journal of Political Science 50, 513529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anselin, L (1988) Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Models. Dordrecht: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beck, N, Gleditsch, KS and Beardsley, K (2006) Space is more than geography: using spatial econometrics in the study of political economy. International Studies Quarterly 50, 2744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Böhmelt, T, Ezrow, L, Lehrer, R and Ward, H (2016) Party policy diffusion. American Political Science Review 110, 397410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Böhmelt, T, Ezrow, L, Lehrer, R, Schleiter, P and Ward, H (2017) Why dominant governing parties are cross-nationally influential. International Studies Quarterly 61, 749759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Braun, D, Schmitt, H, Wüst, AM, Adrian Popa, S, Mikhaylov, S and Dwinger, F (2015) European parliament election study 1979–2009, Euromanifesto Study. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5102 Data file Version 1.1.0.Google Scholar
Ceron, A (2019) Leaders, Factions and the Game of Intra-Party Politics. Milton Park: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Corbett, R, Jacobs, F and Shackleton, M (2011) The European Parliament. London: John Harper.Google Scholar
Darmofal, D (2015) Spatial Analysis for the Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Vries, CE and Solaz, H (2019) Sweeping it under the rug: how government parties deal with deteriorating economic conditions. Party Politics 25, 6375.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Döring, H and Manow, P (2012) Parliament and government composition database (ParlGov): an infrastructure for empirical information on parties, elections and governments in modern democracies.Google Scholar
Eley, G (2002) Forging Democracy: The History of the Left in Europe, 1850–2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
European Liberal Forum, (ELF) (2018) A Liberal European Leadership after 2019. Stockholm: ELF.Google Scholar
Franzese, RJ and Hays, JC (2006) Strategic interaction among EU governments in active labor market policy-making: subsidiarity and policy coordination under the European employment strategy. European Union Politics 7, 167189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Franzese, RJ and Hays, JC (2008 a) Empirical Models of Spatial Dependence. In Box-Steffensmeier, JM, Brady, HE and Collier, D (eds), Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 570604.Google Scholar
Franzese, RJ and Hays, JC (2008 b) Interdependence in comparative politics—substance, theory, empirics, substance. Comparative Political Studies 41, 742780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Franzese, RJ, Hays, JC and Cook, SJ (2016) Spatial- and spatiotemporal-autoregressive probit models of interdependent binary outcomes. Political Science Research and Methods 4, 151173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gauja, A (2013) The Politics of Party Policy. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilardi, F (2010) Who learns from what in policy diffusion processes? American Journal of Political Science 54, 650666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Greene, Z and O'Brien, DJ (2016) Diverse parties, diverse agendas? Female politicians and the parliamentary party's role in platform formation. European Journal of Political Research 55, 435453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hix, S (2002) Parliamentary behavior with two principals: preferences, parties, and voting in the European parliament. American Journal of Political Science 46, 688698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kreppel, A (2002) The European Parliament and Supranational Party System. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Marsh, M and Norris, P (1997) Political representation in the European parliament. European Journal of Political Research 32, 153164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McDonnell, D and Werner, A (2019) International Populism: The Radical Right in the European Parliament. London: Hurst & Company.Google Scholar
Meguid, BM (2005) Competition between unequals: the role of mainstream party strategy in niche party success. American Political Science Review 99, 347359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neumayer, E and Plümper, T (2016) W. Political Science Research and Methods 4, 175193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Plümper, T and Neumayer, E (2010) Model specification in the analysis of spatial dependence. European Journal of Political Research 49, 418442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Plümper, T, Troeger, VE and Manow, P (2005) Panel data analysis in comparative politics: linking method to theory. European Journal of Political Research 44, 327354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Senninger, R and Bischof, D (2018) Working in unison: political parties and policy issue transfer in the multilevel space. European Union Politics 19, 140162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shipan, CR and Volden, C (2008) The mechanisms of policy diffusion. American Journal of Political Science 52, 840857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Volkens, A, Lehmann, P, Merz, N, Regel, S and Werner, A (2014) The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (M R G/C M P/M A R P O R). Version 2014b. Berlin, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung.Google Scholar
Whitten, GD, Williams, LK and Wimpy, C (2019) Interpretation: the final spatial frontier. Political Science Research & Methods, 117. doi:10.1017/psrm.2019.9.Google Scholar
Williams, LK (2015) It's all relative: spatial positioning of parties and ideological shifts. European Journal of Political Research 54, 141159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williams, LK, Seki, K and Whitten, GD (2016) You've got some explaining to do: the influence of economic conditions and spatial competition on party strategy. Political Science Research and Methods 4, 4763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wolkenstein, F, Senninger, R and Bischof, D (2020) Party policy diffusion in the European multilevel space: what it is, how it works, and why it matters. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties 30, 339357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: Link

Senninger et al Dataset

Link
Supplementary material: PDF

Senninger et al. supplementary material

Senninger et al. supplementary material

Download Senninger et al. supplementary material(PDF)
PDF 387 KB
2
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

How transnational party alliances influence national parties' policies
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

How transnational party alliances influence national parties' policies
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

How transnational party alliances influence national parties' policies
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *