Angrist, Joshua D., and Pischke, Jörn-Steffen. 2009. Mostly Harmless Econometrics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ansolabehere, Stephen, Snyder, James M., and Stewart, Charles. 2000. ‘Old Voters, New Voters, and the Personal Vote: Using Redistricting to Measure the Incumbency Advantage’. American Journal of Political Science
Barnow, Burt S., Cain, Glen G., and Goldberger, Arthur S.. 1980. ‘Issues in the Analysis of Selectivity Bias’. In E. Stromsdorfer and G. Farkas (ed.),
Evaluation Studies, vol. 5, pp. 43–59. San Francisco, CA: Sage.
Barone, Michael, Grant, Richard, and Ujifusa, Grant. 2005. The Almanac of American Politics 2006. Washington, DC: National Journal.
Barreto, Matt A., Segura, Gary, and Woods, Nathan. 2004. ‘The Effects of Overlapping Majority-Minority Districts on Latino Turnout’. American Political Science Review
Bobo, Lawrence, and Gilliam, Franklin D.. 1990. ‘Race, Sociopolitical Participation, and Black Empowerment’. American Political Science Review
Brace, Kimball, Handley, Lisa, Niemi, Richard G., and Stanley, Harold W.. 1995. ‘Minority Turnout and the Creation of Majority-Minority Districts’. American Politics Quarterly
Brady, Henry E., and McNulty, John E.. 2011. ‘Turning Out To Vote: The Costs of Finding and Getting to the Polling Place’. American Political Science Review
Browning, Rufus P., Marshall, Dale Rogers, and Tabb, David H.. 1984. Protest is Not Enough: The Struggle for Black and Hispanics for Equality in Urban Politics. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Fraga, Bernard. 2016a. ‘Candidates or Districts? Re-Evaluating the Role of Race in Voter Turnout’. American Journal of Political Science
Fraga, Bernard L. 2016b. ‘Redistricting and the Causal Impact of Race on Voter Turnout’. Journal of Politics
Gay, Claudine. 2001. ‘The Effect of Black Congressional Representation on Political Participation’. American Political Science Review
Gilliam, Franklin D. Jr. 1996. ‘Exploring Minority Empowerment: Symbolic Politics, Governing Coalitions, and Traces of Political Style in Los Angeles’. American Journal of Political Science
Gilliam, Franklin D. Jr., and Kaufman, Karen M.. 1998. ‘Is There an Empowerment Lifecycle? Long-Term Black Empowerment and its Influence on Voter Participation in Atlanta, Cleveland, and Los Angeles’. Urban Affairs Review
Griffin, John D., and Keane, Michael. 2006. ‘Descriptive Representation and the Composition of African American Turnout’. American Journal of Political Science
Heckman, James A. 1979. ‘Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error’. Econometrica
Henderson, John A., Sekhon, Jasjeet S. and Titiunik, Rocío. 2016. ‘Cause or Effect? Turnout in Hispanic Majority-Minority Districts’.
Keele, Luke, and White, Ismail. n.d. ‘The Role of Information Costs in Voter Turnout’. Unpublished Manuscript.
Keele, Luke J., Shah, Paru R., White, Ismail K., and Kay, Kristine. 2017. ‘Black Candidates and Black Turnout: A Study of Viability in Louisiana Mayoral Elections’. Journal of Politics
Leighley, Jan E. 2001. Strength in Numbers? The Political Mobilization of Racial and Ethnic Minorities. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rosenbaum, Paul R. 2010. Design of Observational Studies. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Rubin, Donald B. 2008. ‘For Objective Causal Inference, Design Trumps Analysis’. The Annals of Applied Statistics
Sekhon, Jasjeet S. 2011. ‘Multivariate and Propensity Score Matching Software With Automated Balance Optimization: The Matching Package For R’. Journal of Statistical Software
Sekhon, Jasjeet S., and Diamond, Alexis. 2013. ‘Genetic Matching for Estimating Causal Effects: A General Multivariate Matching Method for Achieving Balance in Observational Studies’. Review of Economics & Statistics
Sekhon, Jasjeet S., and Titiunik, Rocío. 2012. ‘When Natural Experiments are Neither Natural Nor Experiments’. American Political Science Review
Tate, Katherine. 1991. ‘Black Political Participation in the 1984 and 1988 Presidential Elections’. American Political Science Review
Tate, Katherine. 2003. Black Faces in the Mirror: African American and Their Representatives in the U.S. Congress. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Toure, Kwame, and Hamilton, Charles. 1992. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America. New York: Vintage Books.
Voss, Stephen, and Lublin, David. 2001. ‘The Effects of Incumbency in U.S. Congressional Elections, 1950-1988’. American Politics Research
Washington, Ebonya. 2006. ‘How Black Candidates Affect Voter Turnout’. Quarterly Journal of Economics
Whitby, Kenny J.
2007. ‘The Effect of Black Descriptive Representation on Black Electoral Turnout in the 2004 Elections’. Social Science Quarterly