Campbell Angus, Converse Philip E., Miller Warren E., and Stokes Donald E.. 1960. The American Voter. New York: Wiley.
Carmines Edward G., and Stimson James A.. 1989. Issue Evolution: Race and the Transformation of American Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Carney Dana R., Jost John T., Gosling Samuel D., and Potter Jeff. 2008. ‘The Secret Lives of Liberals and Conservatives: Personality Profiles, Interaction Styles, and the Things they Leave Behind’. Political Psychology
Carsey Thomas M., and Layman Geoffrey C.. 2006. ‘Changing sides or changing minds? Party identification and policy preferences in the American electorate’. American Journal of Political Science
Coggins K. Elizabeth. 2013. ‘The Liberal Paradox’. PhD Thesis, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.
Conover Pamela Johnston, and Feldman Stanley. 1981. ‘The Origins and Meaning of Liberal/Conservative Self-Identifications’. American Journal of Political Science
Converse Philip E. 1964. ‘The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics’. In David E. Apter (ed.), Ideology and Discontent, pp. 206–261. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Ellis Christopher, and Stimson James A.. 2012. Ideology in America. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Frank Thomas. 2004. What’s the Matter With Kansas?: How Conservatives Won the Heart of America. New York City, NY: Henry Holt and Company, LLC.
Gerber Alan S., Huber Gregory A., Doherty David, Dowling Conor M., and Ha Shang E.. 2010. ‘Personality and Political Attitudes: Relationships Across Issue Domains and Political Contexts’. American Political Science Review
Gilens Martin. 2009. Why Americans Hate Welfare. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Haidt Jonathan, and Graham Jesse. 2007. ‘When Morality Opposes Justice: Conservatives Have Moral Intuitions that Liberals May Not Recognize’. Social Justice Research
Haidt Jonathan, Graham Jesse, and Joseph Craig. 2009. ‘Above and Below Left-Right: Ideological Narratives and Moral Foundations’. Psychological Inquiry
Huddy Leonie. 2001. ‘From Social to Political Identity: A Critical Examination of Social Identity Theory’. Political Psychology
Jost John T. 2006. ‘The End of the End of Ideology’. American Psychologist
Jost John T., Kruglanski Arie W, and Sulloway Frank J.. 2003. ‘Political Conservatism as Motivated Social Cognition’. Psychological Bulletin
Jost John T., Nosek Brian A., and Gosling Samuel D.. 2006. ‘Ideology: Its Resurgence in Social, Personality, and Political Psychology’. Perspectives on Psychological Science
Kellstedt Paul M. 2003. The Mass Media and the Dynamics of American Racial Attitudes. New York: Cambridge University Press.
McCrae Robert R., and Costa Paul T.. 1996. Toward a New Generation of Personality Theories: Theoretical Contexts for the Five-Factor Model. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 51–87.
Stimson James A. 1991. Public Opinion in America: Moods, Cycles, and Swings. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Tajfel Henri. 1974. ‘Social Identity and Intergroup Behavior’. Social Science Information