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Voter uncertainty, political institutions, and legislative turnover

  • Yanna Krupnikov (a1) and Charles R. Shipan (a2)

The level of legislative turnover in a polity can have significant political consequences. Low turnover may increase the number of legislators who are out of touch with constituents, while high turnover can limit a legislature’s ability to fulfill its duties. Focusing on separation of powers arrangements, a factor overlooked by previous studies, we identify institutional conditions that affect turnover. When the executive and legislature are equally responsible for budgetary outcomes, we argue, this creates ambiguous contexts, leaving voters more likely to re-elect incumbents, thereby lowering turnover. We test our predictions using US state-level data.

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Political Science Research and Methods
  • ISSN: 2049-8470
  • EISSN: 2049-8489
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