Skip to main content Accessibility help

Analysis of the Potential of IT System Support in Early Warning Systems: Mitigating Flood Risk in Poland

  • Krzysztof Goniewicz (a1) and Frederick M. Burkle (a2)


Nowadays, extreme weather and atmospheric conditions are becoming more frequent and more intense. It seems obvious that together with climate change, the vulnerability of the public and of individual regions to the risks of various types of natural hazards also increases. This would increase the importance of organization concerning potential measures to protect against these extraordinary events, and to prepare for reducing their ramifications.

One such initiative is the creation of an early warning system for inhabitants of a given area of a country, to help guard against the extraordinary threat associated with a natural disaster; especially floods. The creation of such a system is aimed at increasing public safety and limiting losses caused by the occurrence of natural, technological, and synergistic hazards. Particular emphasis during the construction of a current system is placed on supporting flood risk management, which is aimed at increasing the safety of citizens and reducing losses caused by the occurrence of flooding in Poland. This would be possible by the identification of areas threatened by flooding throughout the country, and then limiting economic expansion in these areas.

Ultimately, the project aims to consolidate information regarding hazardous events and gather them in a professional Information Technology (IT) system, using an integrated database and a modern module for disseminating information to end users. The system is to provide access to this information for both the administration and the individual citizen.

This article presents the potential of a so called “IT System for the Country’s Protection Against Extreme Hazards,” which is currently being developed in Poland, with particular emphasis on reducing the risks related to natural disasters and minimizing the problems of crisis management in Poland. This article is also aimed at opening discussions and creating a basis for the exchange of information from countries implementing similar solutions, especially neighboring countries, with which joint action could be undertaken.


Corresponding author

Correspondence: Krzysztof Goniewicz Department of Security Studies Polish Air Force Academy Dywizjonu 303 street, no 35 Post code: 08-521 Deblin, Poland E-mail:


Hide All
1. Wypych, A, Ustrnul, Z, Henek, E. Meteorological hazards-visualization system for national protection against extreme hazards for Poland. Meteorology Hydrology and Water Management. Research and Operational Applications. 2014;2(1):3742.
2. Szewrański, S, Świąder, M, Kazak, JK, Tokarczyk‐Dorociak, K, van Hoof, J. Socio‐environmental vulnerability mapping for environmental and flood resilience assessment: the case of ageing and poverty in the City of Wrocław, Poland. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 2018;14(5):592597.
3. Center for Social and Economic Research. Accessed January 11, 2019.
4. Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Poland. Accessed November 25, 2018.
5. Młyński, D, Petroselli, A, Walega, A. Flood frequency analysis by an event-based rainfall-runoff model in selected catchments of southern Poland. Soil and Water Research. 2018;13(3):170176.
6. IT system of the Country’s Protection Against Extreme Hazards. Accessed December 12, 2018.
7. Polish Government Centre for Security. Accessed August 9, 2018.
8. Institute of Meteorology and Water Management – National Research Institute. Accessed August 15, 2018.
9. Kaufmann, M, Lewandowski, J, Choryński, A, Wiering, M. Shock events and flood risk management: a media analysis of the institutional long-term effects of flood events in the Netherlands and Poland. Ecology and Society. 2016;21(4):51.
10. Bryndal, T, Franczak, P, Kroczak, R, Cabaj, W, Kołodziej, A. The impact of extreme rainfall and flash floods on the flood risk management process and geomorphological changes in small Carpathian catchments: a case study of the Kasiniczanka river (Outer Carpathians, Poland). Natural Hazards. 2017;88(1):95120.
11. Kowalik, PJ. Water management in the Vistula delta (Poland). Meteorology Hydrology and Water Management. Research and Operational Applications. 2016;4(1):4752.
12. Matczak, P, Lewandowski, J, Chorynski, A, Szwed, M, Kundzewicz, ZW.Stability and change of flood risk governance in Poland.” In: Flood Risk in the Upper Vistula Basin Switzerland: Springer, Cham; 2016:381398.
13. Rucinska, D. Spatial distribution of flood risk and quality of spatial management: case study in Odra Valley, Poland. Risk Analysis. 2015;35(2):241251.
14. Działek, J, Biernacki, W, Fiedeń, Ł, Listwan-Franczak, K, Franczak, P. Universal or context-specific social vulnerability drivers–understanding flood preparedness in southern Poland. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2016;19:212223.
15. Działek, J, Biernacki, W, Konieczny, R, et al.Planning Documents as a Source of Information About Flood Risk.” In: Understanding Flood Preparedness. Switzerland: Springer, Cham. 2019:115126.
16. Goniewicz, K, Burkle, FM Jr. Challenges in implementing Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in Poland. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(14):E2574.
17. Goniewicz, K, Burkle, F. Disaster early warning systems: the potential role and limitations of emerging text and data messaging mitigation capabilities. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2019;14.



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed