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Maxillofacial Gunshot Wounds

  • Olga Maurin (a1), Stanislas de Régloix (a2), Stéphane Dubourdieu (a1), Hugues Lefort (a1), Stéphane Boizat (a1), Benoit Houze (a1), Jennifer Culoma (a1), Guillaume Burlaton (a1) and Jean-Pierre Tourtier (a1)...
Abstract

The majority of maxillofacial gunshot wounds are caused by suicide attempts. Young men are affected most often. When the lower one-third of the face is involved, airway patency (1.6% of the cases) and hemorrhage control (1.9% of the cases) are the two most urgent complications to monitor and prevent. Spinal fractures are observed with 10% of maxillary injuries and in 20% of orbital injuries. Actions to treat the facial gunshot victim need to be performed, keeping in mind spine immobilization until radiographic imaging is complete and any required spinal stabilization accomplished. Patients should be transported to a trauma center equipped to deal with maxillofacial and neurosurgery because 40% require emergency surgery. The mortality rate of maxillofacial injuries shortly after arrival at a hospital varies from 2.8% to 11.0%. Complications such as hemiparesis or cranial nerve paralysis occur in 20% of survivors. This case has been reported on a victim of four gunshot injuries. One of the gunshots was to the left mandibular ramus and became lodged in the C4 vertebral bone.

Maurin O , de Régloix S , Dubourdieu S , Lefort H , Boizat S , Houze B , Culoma J , Burlaton G , Tourtier JP . Maxillofacial Gunshot Wounds. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015;30(3):1 4.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Olga Maurin, MD Emergency Department Fire Brigade of Paris 1, place Jules Renard 75017 Paris, France E-mail: olgamaurin@free.fr
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Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
  • ISSN: 1049-023X
  • EISSN: 1945-1938
  • URL: /core/journals/prehospital-and-disaster-medicine
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