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Does characterising patterns of multimorbidity in stroke matter for developing collaborative care approaches in primary care?

  • Maria Raisa Jessica (Ryc) V Aquino (a1), Grace M Turner (a2) and Jonathan Mant (a3)


Stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) remain leading causes of mortality and morbidity globally. Although mortality rates have been in decline, the number of people affected by stroke has risen. These patients have a range of long-term needs and often present to primary care. Furthermore, many of these patients have multimorbidities which increase the complexity of their healthcare. Long-term impacts from stroke/TIA along with care needs for other morbidities can be challenging to address because care can involve different healthcare professionals, both specialist and generalist. In the ideal model of care, such professionals would work collaboratively to provide care. Despite the commonality of multimorbidity in stroke/TIA, gaps in the literature remain, particularly limited knowledge of pairings or clusters of comorbid conditions and the extent to which these are interrelated. Moreover, integrated care practices are less well understood and remain variable in practice. This article argues that it is important to understand (through research) patterns of multimorbidity, including number, common clusters and types of comorbidities, and current interprofessional practice to inform future directions to improve long-term care.

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Maria Raisa Jessica (Ryc) V Aquino, Primary Care Unit, Department of Public Health & Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Worts’ Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK. E-mail:


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Does characterising patterns of multimorbidity in stroke matter for developing collaborative care approaches in primary care?

  • Maria Raisa Jessica (Ryc) V Aquino (a1), Grace M Turner (a2) and Jonathan Mant (a3)


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