Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-nmvwc Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-23T04:08:04.915Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false


Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 June 2020

R. Graubohm*
Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany
T. Schräder
Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany
M. Maurer
Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany


Core share and HTML view are not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

Complex new functionalities and dissimilar stakeholder groups pose challenges to the requirement analysis for driverless vehicles. To overcome these challenges, we propose a value-oriented reference process for innovative functionalities of an autonomous family vehicle. The value-oriented measures are taken from the approach of Value Sensitive Design. In our application, we have found that the consideration of the human values involved is of great importance for the identification of stakeholders and the management of their potentially conflicting interests throughout the development process.

Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BYCreative Common License - NCCreative Common License - ND
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press


Bubb, H. (2007), “Future Applications of DHM in Ergonomic Design”, In: Duffy, V.G. (Ed.), Digital Human Modeling, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4561, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 779-793. Scholar
Cawthorne, D. and Cenci, A. (2019), “Value Sensitive Design of a Humanitarian Cargo Drone”, 2019 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS), Atlanta, GA, USA, IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 11171125. Scholar
Davis, J. and Nathan, L.P. (2015), “Value Sensitive Design: Applications, Adaptations, and Critiques”, In: van den Hoven, J., Vermaas, P.E. and van de Poel, I. (Eds.), Handbook of Ethics, Values, and Technological Design, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 1140. Scholar
Friedman, B., Hendry, D.G. and Borning, A. (2017), “A Survey of Value Sensitive Design Methods”, Foundations and Trends in Human-Computer Interaction, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 63125. Scholar
Friedman, B. et al. (2013), “Value Sensitive Design and Information Systems”, In: Doorn, N., Schuurbiers, D., van de Poel, I. and Gorman, M.E. (Eds.), Early Engagement and New Technologies: Opening Up the Laboratory, Philosophy of Engineering and Technology 16, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 55-95. Scholar
Friedman, B., Kahn, P.H. and Howe, D.C. (2000), “Trust online”, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 43 No. 12, pp. 3440. Scholar
Gerdes, J.C., Thornton, S.M. and Millar, J. (2019), “Designing Automated Vehicles Around Human Values”, In: Meyer, G. and Beiker, S. (Eds.), Road Vehicle Automation 6, Lecture Notes in Mobility, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 39-48. Scholar
Graubohm, R. et al. (2017), “Systematic Design of Automated Driving Functions Considering Functional Safety Aspects”, 8. Tagung Fahrerassistenz, Munich, Germany, Chair of Automotive Technology with TÜV SÜD Academy, Garching, Germany.Google Scholar
Halsey, A. (2017), Driverless cars promise far greater mobility for the elderly and people with disabilities. [online] The Washington Post. Available at: (accessed 11.11.2019).Google Scholar
Hoff, K.A. and Bashir, M. (2015), “Trust in Automation: Integrating Empirical Evidence on Factors That Influence Trust”, Human Factors, Vol. 57 No. 3, pp. 407434. ScholarPubMed
Lee, J.D. and See, K.A. (2004), “Trust in Automation: Designing for Appropriate Reliance”, Human Factors, Vol. 46 No. 1, pp. 5080. ScholarPubMed
Pfleging, B., Rang, M. and Broy, N. (2016), “Investigating User Needs for Non-Driving-Related Activities During Automated Driving”, Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM ’16), Rovaniemi, Finland, ACM, New York, NY, USA, pp. 9199. Scholar
Schräder, T. et al. (2019), “An Approach for a Requirement Analysis for an Autonomous Family Vehicle”, 2019 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), Paris, France, IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 15971603. Scholar
Thornton, S.M. (2018), Autonomous vehicle motion planning with ethical considerations, [PhD Thesis], Stanford University.Google Scholar
Thornton, S.M. et al. (2018), “Value Sensitive Design for Autonomous Vehicle Motion Planning”, 2018 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), Changshu, China, IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 11571162. Scholar
Winkler, T. and Spiekermann, S. (2018), “Twenty years of value sensitive design: a review of methodological practices in VSD projects”, Ethics and Information Technology. Scholar
Woopen, T. et al. (2018), “UNICARagil - Disruptive Modular Architectures for Agile, Automated Vehicle Concepts”, 27th Aachen Colloquium Automobile and Engine Technology 2018, Aachen, Germany, Aachener Kolloquium Fahrzeug- und Motorentechnik GbR, Aachen, Germany, pp. 663694. Scholar