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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 July 2021

Jakob Trauer*
Technical University of Munich
Ferdinand Wöhr
Technical University of Munich BMW Group
Claudia Eckert
The Open University
Udo Kannengiesser
Johannes Kepler University
Sjoerd Knippenberg
Eindhoven University of Technology
Olga Sankowski
Hamburg University of Technology
Markus Zimmermann
Technical University of Munich
Trauer, Jakob, Technical University of Munich, Laboratory for Product Development and Lightweight Structures, Germany,


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Process models are among the principal artefacts used for managing design projects. However, the selection of effective modelling approaches can be difficult for design project managers, given that a plethora of tools exists for various modelling purposes. In addition to date no systematic approach for the assessment and selection of process modelling approaches is available to practitioners. This paper presents the development of criteria for benchmarking and selecting different process modelling tools. The results are based on three elements. (1) In a four-hour workshop undertaken by the Design Process SIG of the Design Society, bringing together around 20 international researchers and practitioners in design process modelling, an initial set of 58 criteria were brainstormed and consolidated during the workshop and in follow-up meetings. (2) The consolidated criteria were then compared with literature. The finalised criteria list was then validated by external experts in industry (3). The resulting list of 12 criteria provides a sound basis for practitioners to support a systematic selection of process modelling approaches. Further, it lays the foundation of a benchmarking tool, which is subject to future work.

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press


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