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Dust and Molecule Formation and Processing in Supernovae and their Remnants

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 March 2015

J. Rho
SETI Institute, 189 Bernardo Ave, Mountain View, CA 94043;
M. Andersen
Institut de Planétologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, France
A. Tappe
SETI Institute, 189 Bernardo Ave, Mountain View, CA 94043;
H. Gomez
School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, The Parade, Cardiff, CF24 3AA, UK
M. Smith
School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, The Parade, Cardiff, CF24 3AA, UK
J. P. Bernard
Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS, 9 av. du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, 31028 Toulouse, France
T. Onaka
Department of Astronomy, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan,
J. Cami
Dept. of Physics & Astronomy, Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
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Supernovae (SNe) produce, fragment and destroy dust, molecules and nucleosynthetic elements, and reshape and modify the ISM. I will review recent infrared observations of supernova remnants (SNRs) and SNe which show that SNe are important sites of dust and molecule formation and are major dust creators in the Universe. Detection of carbon monoxide (CO) fundamental band from the young SNR Cas A indicates that astrochemical processes in SNRs interacting with molecular clouds provide astrophysical laboratories to study evolution of the ISM returning material from dense clouds into the more diffuse medium and galactic halo. Two dozen SNRs are known to be interacting with molecular clouds using H2 and millimeter observations. Recent Spitzer, Herschel and SOFIA observations along with ground-based observations have greatly advanced our understanding shock processing and astrochemistry of dust, H2, high J CO, and other neutral and ionized molecules and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). Ionized molecules and warm layer of molecules that are excited by UV radiation, X-rays, or cosmic rays will be described. Finally I will discuss how astrochemical processes of dust and molecules in SNRs impact the large scale structures in the ISM.

Contributed Papers
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2015 


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