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Non-gravitational forces acting on small bodies

  • Miroslav Brož (a1), D. Vokrouhlický (a1), W.F. Bottke (a2), D. Nesvorný (a2), A. Morbidelli (a3) and D. Čapek (a1)...
Abstract

Non-gravitational perturbations, regardless being many orders of magnitude weaker than gravity, hold keys to fully understand the evolution of small Solar System bodies. This is because individual bodies, or their entire groups, manifest traces of a long-term accumulated changes by these effects.

For meteoroids and small asteroids in the 10 cm–10 km size range, the principal non-gravitational force and torque arise from an anisotropic thermal emission of the absorbed solar radiation. Related perturbations of the orbital and rotational motion are called the Yarkovsky and YORP effects.

We review the most important Yarkovsky- and YORP-driven processes, in the Main Asteroid Belt. These include: steady and size-dependent semimajor axis drift, secular changes of rotational period and obliquity, efficient transport towards low-order resonances, interaction with weaker higher-order resonances, captures in secular and spin-orbit resonances.

Many independent observations can be naturally interpreted in the framework of Yarkov-sky/YORP models, like cosmic ray exposure ages of meteorites, current population and size-distribution of near-Earth objects, the existence of unstable resonant asteroids or the structure of asteroid families.

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Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • ISSN: 1743-9213
  • EISSN: 1743-9221
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-international-astronomical-union
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