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Vertical flows and structures excited by magnetic activity in the Galactic center region

  • Kensuke Kakiuchi (a1), Takeru K. Suzuki (a1) (a2), Yasuo Fukui (a1), Kazufumi Torii (a1) (a3), Mami Machida (a4) and Ryoji Matsumoto (a5)...

Various observations show peculiar features in the Galactic Center region, such as loops and filamentary structure. It is still unclear how such characteristic features are formed. Magnetic field is believed to play very important roles in the dynamics of gas in the Galaxy Center. Suzuki et al. (2015) performed a global magneto-hydrodynamical simulation focusing on the Galactic Center with an axisymmetric gravitational potential and claimed that non-radial motion is excited by magnetic activity. We further analyzed their simulation data and found that vertical motion is also excited by magnetic activity. In particular, fast down flows with speed of ~100 km/s are triggered near the footpoint of magnetic loops that are buoyantly risen by Parker instability. These downward flows are accelerated by the vertical component of the gravity, falling along inclined field lines. As a result, the azimuthal and radial components of the velocity are also excited, which are observed as high velocity features in a simulated position-velocity diagram. Depending on the viewing angle, these fast flows will show a huge variety of characteristic features in the position-velocity diagram.

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Fukui, Y., Yamamoto, H., Fujishita, M., et al. 2006, Science, 314, 106
Machida, M., Matsumoto, R., Nozawa, S., et al. 2009, PASJ, 61, 411
Parker, E. N. 1966, ApJ, 145, 811
Suzuki, T. K., Fukui, Y., Torii, K., Machida, M., & Matsumoto, R. 2015, MNRAS, 454, 3049
Torii, K., Kudo, N., Fujishita, M., et al. 2010a, PASJ, 62, 1307
Torii, K., Kudo, N., Fujishita, M., et al. 2010b, PASJ, 62, 675
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Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • ISSN: 1743-9213
  • EISSN: 1743-9221
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-international-astronomical-union
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