Within a few parsecs around the central black hole A*, chemistry in the dense molecular cloud material of the circumnuclear disk (CND) can be affected by many energetic phenomena such as high UV-flux from the massive central star cluster, X-rays from A*, shock waves, and an enhanced cosmic-ray flux. Recently, spectroscopic surveys with the IRAM 30 meter and the APEX 12 meter telescopes of substantial parts of the 80–500 GHz frequency range were made toward selected positions in and near the CND. These data sets contain lines from the molecules HCN, HCO+, HNC, CS, SO, SiO, CN, H2CO, HC3N, N2H+, H3O+ and others. We conduct Large Velocity Gradient analyses to obtain column densities and total hydrogen densities, n, for each species in molecular clouds located in the southwest lobe of the CND. The data for the above mentioned molecules indicate 105 cm−3 ≲ n < 106 cm−3, which shows that the CND is tidally unstable. The derived chemical composition is compared with a chemical model calculated using the UCL_CHEM code that includes gas and grain reactions, and the effects of shock waves. Models are run for varying shock velocities, cosmic-ray ionization rates, and number densities. The resulting chemical composition is fitted best to an extremely high value of cosmic-ray ionization rate ζ ∼ 10−14 s−1, 3 orders of magnitude higher than the value in regular Galactic molecular clouds, if the pre-shock density is n=105 cm−3.