Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Challenges and Architectural Approaches for Automotive PLM in Multi-Brand Organisations - A Discussion Paper

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 July 2019

Stefan Kehl
Affiliation:
Volkswagen group
Carsten Hesselmann
Affiliation:
Clausthal University of Technology;
Patrick Stiefel
Affiliation:
Volkswagen group
Jörg P. Müller
Affiliation:
Clausthal University of Technology;
Corresponding

Abstract

Today, top-down processes, centralized IT infrastructures, and one-vendor strategies prevail in Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) of large multi-brand Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) groups. Given the usually decentralized organisation and structures and processes that emerge from cross-brand collaboration, these centralized approaches are challenging the adaptiveness and performance of the OEM groups.

In this concept paper, we investigate challenges for cross-brand and cross-domain cooperation from the perspective of processes and IT systems. The main contribution of this paper is that we motivate and outline a novel technical architecture approach combining service-orientation with an event-driven software architecture and asynchronous event processing to support users from different brands and domains in their collaboration along the development process. We analyse related work on collaboration models as well as on event processing and discuss our approach before the background of the state of the art. Finally, we summarize our findings and give an outlook to future research venues.

Type
Article
Creative Commons
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2019

References

Belay, A.M., Welo, T. and Helo, P. (2014), “Approaching lean product development using system dynamics: investigating front-load effects”, Advances in Manufacturing, Vol. 2 No. 2, pp. 130140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bruns, R. and Dunkel, J. (2010), “Event-Driven Architecture: Softwarearchitektur für ereignisgesteuerte Geschäftsprozesse, Xpert.press, Springer”, Berlin.Google Scholar
Complex Event Processing (CEP) Market - Global forecast to 2019, Research and Market.Google Scholar
Chin, K.-S., Zhao, Y. and Mok, C.K. (2002), “STEP-Based Multiview Integrated Product Modelling for Concurrent Engineering”, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 20 No. 12, pp. 896906.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dayarathna, M. and Perera, S., (2018), “Recent Advancements in Event Processing”, ACM Comput. Surv., Vol. 51 No. 2, pp. 33:133:36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deuter, A. and Rizzo, S. (2016), “A Critical View on PLM/ALM Convergence in Practice and Research”, Procedia Technology, Vol. 26, pp. 405412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dongre, A.U., Jha, B.K., Aachat, P.S. and Patil, V.R. (2017), “Concurrent Engineering. A Review”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Vol. 4 No. 5, pp. 27662770.Google Scholar
Durão, L.F.C.S., Eichhorn, H., Anderl, R., Schützer, K. and Zancul, Senzi, de, E. (2015), “Integrated Component Data Model based on UML for Smart Components Lifecycle Management. A Conceptual Approach”, in Bouras, A., Eynard, B., Foufou, S. and Thoben, K.-D. (Eds.), 12th IFIP International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 1322.Google Scholar
Eckert, M. (2008), “Complex Event Processing with XChangeEQ: Language Design, Formal Semantics, and Incremental Evaluation for Querying Events, Dissertation, LMU München: Fakultät für Mathematik, Informatik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München”, München.Google Scholar
Eigner, M., Dickopf, T. and Huwig, C. (2016), “An Interdisciplinary Model-Based Design Approach for Developing Cybertronic Systems”. In: DESIGN 2016 - 14th International Design Conference. Hrsg. von Marjanovic Dorian, Storga Mario, Pavkovic Neven, Bojcetic Nenad und Skec Stanko. DESIGN. 2016, S. 1647-1656.Google Scholar
Flouris, I., Giatrakos, N., Deligiannakis, A., Garofalakis, M., Kamp, M. and Mock, M., “Issues in complex event processing: Status and prospects in the Big Data era”, Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 127, pp. 217236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Groll, M.W. and Heber, D.T. (2016), “E/E-Product Data Management in Consideration of Model-Based Systems Engineering?”, in Stjepandi, J., Borsato, M., Peruzzini, M., Wognum, N. and Verhagen, W.J.C. (Eds.), Transdisciplinary engineering: Crossing boundaries proceedings of the 23rd ISPE Inc. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering October 3-7, 2016, Advances in transdisciplinary engineering, IOS Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Google Scholar
Hammerschmidt, C. and Hoffmann, D. (2018), Product Lifecycle Management: Das PLM von morgen, Media-Manufaktur GmbH, Pattensen.Google Scholar
Hesselmann, C., Kehl, S., Stiefel, P. and Müller, J.P. (2017), “Decentralized handling of conflicts in multi-brand engineering change management”, in Maier, A., Skec, S., Kim, H., Kokkolaras, M., Oehmen, J., Fadel, G., Salustri, F. and van der Loos, M. (Eds.), ICED17: 20th-25th August 2017, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, Design organisation and management, Proceedings of the 21th International Conference on Engineering Design, Design Society, pp. 683692.Google Scholar
International Organization for Standardization (2014), “ISO10303-242-2014: Industrial automation systems and integration – Product data representation and exchange – Part 242: Application protocol: Managed model-based 3D engineering No. 10303, 242nd ed., Geneva, CH, available at: https://www.iso.org/standard/57620.html (accessed 14 September 2017).Google Scholar
Janiesch, C., Matzner, M. and Müller, O. (2012), “Beyond process monitoring. A proof-of-concept of event-driven business activity management”, Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 18 No. 4, pp. 625643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kees, M. and Seibertz, A. (2010), “Compositional Variant Management and its Application in Embedded Software Development”, available at: http://www.prostep.org/fileadmin/user_upload/ProSTEPiViP/Events/Symposium-2010/Presentation_Tag_2/1002_Presentation_Symposium_Seibertz-ProSTEP-IMP_Kees-Ford.pdf (accessed 23 February 2016).Google Scholar
Kehl, S., Stiefel, P. and Mueller, J.P. (2015), “Changes on changes: towards an agent-based approach for managing complexity in decentralized product development”, in Weber, C., Husung, S., Cascini, G., Cantamessa, M. and Marjanovic, D. (Eds.), ICED15: 27th-30th July 2015, Politecnico di Milano, Italy proceedings of ICED15, Design organisation and management, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Engineering Design, Design Society, pp. 219228.Google Scholar
Kehl, S., Hesselmann, C., Stiefel, P. and Müller, J.P. (2016), “Static Product Structures. An Industrial Standard on the Wane”, in Harik, R., Rivest, L., Bernard, A., Eynard, B. and Bouras, A. (Eds.), Product Lifecycle Management for Digital Transformation of Industries: 13th IFIP WG 5.1 International Conference, PLM 2016, Columbia, SC, USA, July 11-13, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 6978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kehl, S. (2019), “Marken- und domänenübergreifendes Management industrieller Produktdaten”, 1. Auflage 2019, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH; Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krumeich, J., Weis, B., Werth, D. and Loos, P., (2014), “Event-Driven Business Process Management - Where are we now?”, Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 615633Google Scholar
Luckham, David C. (2002), “The power of events. An introduction to complex event processing in distributed enterprise systems”, Reading, Addison-Wesley, Boston Mass.Google Scholar
Michelson, Brenda M. (2006), “Event-Driven Architecture Overview”, Patricia Seybold Group Research ServiceCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Opiela, N., Hoepner, P. and Weber, M. (2016), Das ÖFIT-Trendsonar der IT-Sicherheit, Kompetenzzentrum öffentliche Informationstechnologie, Fraunhofer-Institut für Offene Kommunikationssysteme FOKUS, Berlin.Google Scholar
Pan, J.Z. (2009), “Resource Description Framework”, in Staab, S. and Studer, R. (Eds.), Handbook on Ontologies, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 7190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pielmeier, J., Braunreuther, S. and Reinhart, G. (2017), “Modeling Approach for Situational Event-handling within Production Planning and Control Based on Complex Event Processing”, Procedia CIRP, Vol. 63, pp. 271276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pielmeier, J., Braunreuther, S. and Reinhart, G. (2018), “Approach for Defining Rules in the Context of Complex Event Processing”, Procedia CIRP, Vol. 67, pp. 812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robin, V. and Girard, P. (2006), “An integrated product-process-organisation model to manage design system”, in The Proceedings of the Multiconference on “Computational Engineering in Systems Applications”, Beijing, China, 04.10.2006 - 06.10.2006, IEEE, pp. 12871293.Google Scholar
Roucoules, L., Noel, F., Teissandier, D., Lombard, M., Debarbouille, G., Girard, P., Merlo, C. and Eynard, B. (2006), “IPPOP: an open source collaborative design platform to link product, design process and industrial organisation information”. In: 6th International Conference on Integrated Design and Manufacturing in Mechanical Engineering, IDMME 06. 2006, CDROM.Google Scholar
Schlegel, T., Vidackovic, K., Dusch, S. and Seiger, R. (2012), “Management of interactive business processes in decentralized service infrastructures through event processing”, Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 137144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shi, S., Jin, D. and Tiong-Thye, G. (2017), “Real-time Public Mood Tracking of Chinese Microblog Streams with Complex Event Processing”, IEEE Access, Vol. 5, pp. 421431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Soffer, P., Hinze, A., Koschmider, A., Ziekow, H., Di Ciccio, C., Koldehofe, B., Kopp, O., Jacobsen, A., Sürmeli, J. and Song, W. (2017), “From event streams to process models and back: Challenges and opportunities”, Information Systems.Google Scholar
Stiefel, P.D., Hausknecht, C. and Müller, J.P. (2012), “Using ontologies to support decentral product development processes”, in Fischer, K., Müller, J.P. and Levy, R. (Eds.), Agent-Based Technologies and Applications for Enterprise Interoperability, Springer-Verlag, pp. 114129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Streaming Analytics Market - Worldwide Market Forecast and Analysis (2015 - 2020), Research and Markets.Google Scholar
Terroso-Sáenz, F., Valdés-Vela, M., Campuzano, F., Botia, J.A. and Skarmeta-Gómez, A.F. (2015), “A complex event processing approach to perceive the vehicular context”, Information Fusion, Vol. 21, pp. 187209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Terzi, S., Bouras, A., Dutta, D., Garetti, M. and Kiritsis, D. (2010), “Product lifecycle management – from its history to its new role”, International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management, Vol. 4 No. 4, p. 360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thomke, S. and Fujimoto, T. (2000), “The Effect of “Front-Loading” Problem-Solving on Product Development Performance”, Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 128142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zheng, C., Bricogne, M., Le Duigou, J. and Eynard, B. (2014), “Mechatronic Design Process. A Survey of Product Data Model”, Procedia CIRP, Vol. 21, pp. 282287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
zur Muehlen, M. and Shapiro, R. (2010), “Business Process Analytics”, Handbook on Business Process Management 2: Strategic Alignment, Governance, People and Culture, Springer, Berlin, pp. 137157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 209 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 26th July 2019 - 17th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Access
Open access
Hostname: page-component-77fc7d77f9-n279q Total loading time: 0.238 Render date: 2021-01-17T22:56:56.248Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "1", "openAccess": "1", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags last update: Sun Jan 17 2021 22:54:43 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time) Feature Flags: { "metrics": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "peerReview": true, "crossMark": true, "comments": true, "relatedCommentaries": true, "subject": true, "clr": true, "languageSwitch": true, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Challenges and Architectural Approaches for Automotive PLM in Multi-Brand Organisations - A Discussion Paper
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Challenges and Architectural Approaches for Automotive PLM in Multi-Brand Organisations - A Discussion Paper
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Challenges and Architectural Approaches for Automotive PLM in Multi-Brand Organisations - A Discussion Paper
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *