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Comparing Virtual Reality and Desktop Interface for Reviewing 3D CAD Models

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 July 2019

Nikola Horvat*
Affiliation:
University of Zagreb;
Stanko Škec
Affiliation:
University of Zagreb; Technical University of Denmark
Tomislav Martinec
Affiliation:
University of Zagreb;
Fanika Lukačević
Affiliation:
University of Zagreb;
Marija Majda Perišić
Affiliation:
University of Zagreb;
*
Contact: Horvat, Nikola, University of Zagreb, FSB, Department of Design, Croatia, nikola.horvat@fsb.hr

Abstract

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Use of virtual reality (VR) is considered beneficial for reviewing 3D models throughout product design. However, research on its usability in the design field is still explorative, and previous studies are often contradictory regarding the usability of VR for 3D model review. This paper argues that the usability of VR should be assessed by analysing human factors such as spatial perception and taking into consideration the complexity of the reviewed product. Hence, a comparative evaluation study has been conducted to assess spatial perception in desktop interface-based and VR-based review of 3D models of products with different levels of complexity. The results show that participants in VR more could perceive the fit of user interface elements, and estimation of the model dimensions had a lower relative error than in desktop interface. It has been found that various sensory cues are used to perceive the model size and that the employed sensory cues depend on the level of complexity. Finally, it is proposed that differences between a desktop interface and VR for reviewing models are more evident when reviewing models of higher complexity levels.

Type
Article
Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BYCreative Common License - NCCreative Common License - ND
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2019

References

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