Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Robustness Evaluation of Product Concepts based on Function Structures

  • Stefan Goetz (a1), Jonas Hartung (a1), Benjamin Schleich (a1) and Sandro Wartzack (a1)

Abstract

Due to the varying environment conditions as well as the manufacturing induced deviations, the properties of products vary. In order to still meet the increasingly tightening of functional requirements, tolerancing as well as Robust Design practices became integral parts of the product development. However, despite the fact that the robustness of a product is mainly determined by its conceptual design in early design stages, these activities are usually carried out at the end of the design process. In order to overcome this shortcoming, this contribution shows a method that supports the selection of robust principal solutions and thus contributes to the design of product concepts, which are less sensitive to variations. The novelty lies in the adaption and combination of robust design criteria for the quantitative robustness evaluation in the conceptual design stage. First the product characteristics, which are relevant for the product robustness are determined on the basis of the function structure. By using an adopted VMEA and a newly developed evaluation matrix, this allows a thorough robustness evaluation of product concepts. The method is exemplary shown for a lifting table.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Robustness Evaluation of Product Concepts based on Function Structures
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Robustness Evaluation of Product Concepts based on Function Structures
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Robustness Evaluation of Product Concepts based on Function Structures
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

Corresponding author

Contact: Goetz, Stefan, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Engineering Design, Germany, goetz@mfk.fau.de

References

Hide All
Akao, Y. (2004), Quality function deployment: Integrating customer requirements into product design, Productivity Press, New York.
Almannai, B., Greenough, R. and Kay, J. (2008), “A decision support tool based on QFD and FMEA for the selection of manufacturing automation technologies”, Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 501507. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcim.2007.07.002.
Andersson, P. (1997), “On Robust Design in the Conceptual Design Phase. A Qualitative Approach”, Journal of Engineering Design, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 7589.
Ayağ, Z. (2016), “An integrated approach to concept evaluation in a new product development”, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, Vol. 27 No. 5, pp. 9911005. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10845-014-0930-7.
Cheng Lim, P., Tang, N.K.H. and Jackson, P.M. (1999), “An innovative framework for health care performance measurement”, Managing Service Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 9 No. 6, pp. 423433. http://doi.org/10.1108/09604529910304125.
Dehnad, K. (1989), Quality Control, Robust Design, and the Taguchi Method, Springer US, Boston. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-1472-1.
Ebro, M. and Howard, T.J. (2016), “Robust design principles for reducing variation in functional performance”, Journal of Engineering Design, Vol. 27 No. 1-3, pp. 7592. http://doi.org/10.1080/09544828.2015.1103844.
Ebro, M., Howard, T.J. and Rasmussen, J.J. (2012), “The Foundation For Robust Design: Enabling Robustness Through Kinematic Design And Design Clarity”, 12th International Design Conference, Dubrovnik, Marjanovic D., Storga M., Pavkovic N., Bojcetic N., pp. 817826.
Engelhardt, R., Birkhofer, H., Kloberdanz, H. and Mathias, J. (2009), “Uncertainty-Mode- and Effects-Analysis – an Approach to Analyze and Estimate Uncertainty in the Product Life Cycle”, 17th ICED, Palo Alto, 24.-27.08.2009, Norell Bergendahl, M., Grimheden, M., Leifer, L., Skogstad, P., Lindemann, U., pp. 191202.
Goetz, S., Schleich, B. and Wartzack, S. (2018), “A new approach to first tolerance evaluations in the conceptual design stage based on tolerance graphs”, Procedia CIRP, Vol. 75, pp. 167172. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2018.04.030.
Göhler, S.M. (2017), Metric-driven Robust Design – Robustness Quantification of Complex Engineering Systems, PhD Thesis, DTU.
Göhler, S.M. and Howard, T.J. (2015), “The Contradiction Index (CI). A New Metric Combining System Complexity and Robustness for Early Design Stages”, 27th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Boston, 02.-05.08.2015, ASME. http://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2015-47255.
Gremyr, I. and Hasenkamp, T. (2011), “Practices of robust design methodology in practice”, The TQM Journal, Vol. 23 No. 1, pp. 4758. http://doi.org/10.1108/17542731111097489.
Haskins, C. (2006), Systems Engineering Handbook, INCOSE.
Heling, B., Schleich, B. and Wartzack, S. (2018), “Robust-Design-Optimization of mechanisms based on kinematic requirements considering uncertainties”, Procedia CIRP, Vol. 75, pp. 2732. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2018.04.048.
Hermans, J. and Liu, Y. (2013), “Quality Management in the New Product Development. A PPAP Approach”, Quality Innovation Prosperity, Vol. 17 No. 2, http://doi.org/10.12776/QIP.V17I2.150.
Hoffman, H.F. (2014), The Engineering Capstone Course, Springer. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-05897-9.
Johansson, P., Chakhunashvili, A., Barone, S. and Bergman, B. (2006), “Variation Mode and Effect Analysis. A Practical Tool for Quality Improvement”, Quality and Reliability Engineering International, Vol. 22 No. 8, pp. 865876. http://doi.org/10.1002/qre.773.
Justel, D., Vidal, R., Arriaga, E., Franco, V. and Val-Jauregi, E. (2007), “Evaluation Method For Selecting Innovative Product Concepts With Greater Potential Marketing Success”, 16th ICED, Paris, 28.-31.07.2007, Bocquet, J.-C.
Kim-Soon, N. (2012), Quality Management and Practices, InTech. http://doi.org/10.5772/36671.
Krehmer, H., Eckstein, R., Lauer, W., Roelofsen, J., Stöber, C., Troll, A., Zanpf, J., Weber, N., Meerkamm, H., Henrich, A., Lindemann, U., Rieg, F. and Wartzack, S. (2010), “Das Forflow-Prozessmodell zur Unterstützung der multidisziplinären Produktentwicklung”, Konstruktion, Vol. 10, pp. 5968.
Mathias, J., Kloberdanz, H., Eifler, T., Engelhardt, R., Wiebel, M., Birkhofer, H. and Bohn, A. (2011), “Selection Of Physical Effects Based On Disturbances And Robustness Ratios In The Early Phases Of Robust Design”, 18th ICED, Copenhagen, 15.-19.08.2011, Culley, S.J., Hicks, B.J., McAloone, T.C., Howard, T.J. and Malmqvist, J., pp. 324335.
Matthiassen, B. (1997), Design for robustness and reliability, PhD thesis, DTU.
Mc Dermott, R.E., Mikulak, R.J. and Beauregard, M.R. (2009), The basics of FMEA, Productivity Press, New York.
P. Sullivan, L. (1986), “Quality Function Deployment”, Quality Progress, Vol. 19 No. 6, pp. 3950.
Pahl, G., Beitz, W., Blessing, L., Feldhusen, J., Grote, K.-H. and Wallace, K. (2007), Engineering Design: A Systematic Approach, Springer, London.
Pfeifer, T. (2002), Quality management: Strategies, methods, techniques, Hanser, München.
Schleich, B., Anwer, N., Zhu, Z., Qiao, L., Mathieu, L. and Wartzack, S. (2014), “A Comparative Study on Tolerance Analysis Approaches”, ISoRD14, Kopenhagen, 14.-15.08.2014, pp. 2939. http://doi.org/10.4122/dtu:2084.
Song, Y. and Su, Q. (2015), “The relationship between quality management and new product development. Evidence from China”, Operations Management Research, Vol. 8 No. 1-2, pp. 114. http://doi.org/10.1007/s12063-014-0096-7.
Suh, N.P. (1998), “Axiomatic Design Theory for Systems”, Research in Engineering Design, Vol. 10 No. 4, pp. 189209.
Söderberg, R. and Lindkvist, L. (1999), “Computer Aided Assembly Robustness Evaluation”, Journal of Engineering Design, Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 165181.
Taguchi, G., Elsayed, E.A. and Hsiang, T.C. (1990), Quality engineering in production systems, McGraw-Hill series in industrial engineering and management science, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Taguchi, G., Yano, H., Chowdhury, S. and Taguchi, S. (Eds.) (2005), Taguchi's quality engineering handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N.J, Livonia, Mich.
Thornton, A.C. (2004), Variation risk management: Focusing quality improvements in product development and production, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Zare Mehrjerdi, Y. (2010), “Quality function deployment and its extensions”, International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 616640. http://doi.org/10.1108/02656711011054524.
Zhai, L.-Y., Khoo, L.-P. and Zhong, Z.-W. (2009), “Design concept evaluation in product development using rough sets and grey relation analysis”, Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 70727079. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2008.08.068.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed