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Community psychiatry in developing countries – a misnomer?

  • Saeed Farooq (a1) and Fareed A. Minhas (a2)
Extract

There has been a rush towards community psychiatry in the developed world in the past few decades (Tyrer, 1998a). In developing countries the concept has been equally popular and various programmes have been described (Burns, 1998; Goldberg, 1992; Issac, 1996). The term ‘community psychiatry’ originates from a peculiar historical background, is based on certain principles and is shaped by the existing pattern of mental health services in many Western countries. Although the term is vague, its application is especially problematic in developing countries. In this article an attempt will be made to highlight the origins of the term community psychiatry and its application in developing countries.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
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Burns, T. & Priebe, S. (1999) Mental health care failure in England. Myth and reality. British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 191192.
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Goldberg, D. (1992) India, Pakistan: community psychiatry. Lancet, 11, 14451446.
Issac, M. (1996) Trends in development of psychiatric services in India. Psychiatric Bulletin, 20, 4345.
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Patel, V. & Winston, M. (1994) Universality of mental illness, revisited: assumptions, artefacts and new directions. British Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 437440.
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Shafique, M. (1995) Psychiatry in Pakistan (1947–1994): the balance sheet. Psychiatric Bulletin, 19, 567570.
Torrey, E. (1995) Jails and prison – American new mental hospitals. American Journal of Public Health, 85, 16111613.
Tyrer, P. (1998a) Cost-effective or profligate community psychiatry? British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 13.
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World Health Organization (1975) Organisation of Mental Health Services in Developing Countries. Sixteenth report of the WHO expert committee on mental health. Technical report series, 546. Geneva: WHO.
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
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Community psychiatry in developing countries – a misnomer?

  • Saeed Farooq (a1) and Fareed A. Minhas (a2)
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