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Comparative survey of comorbidities in people with learning disability with and without epilepsy

  • Deepak G. Pawar (a1) and Emmanuel O. Akuffo (a2)
Abstract
Aims and Method

To ascertain the prevalence of epilepsy and understand the differences in the comorbidities of non-epileptic and epileptic patients with learning disabilities. A simple comparative survey was undertaken between the two main groups of patients: non-epileptic and epileptic.

Results

The prevalence of epilepsy in the study group was 30%. A total of 70% of patients with any type of challenging behaviour were in the non-epileptic group compared with 59% in the epileptic group. Depression was the most common diagnosis in both groups, being slightly more in the non-epileptic group.

Clinical Implications

Our study suggests that there is no association between epilepsy and the prevalence of challenging behaviour of psychiatric conditions within the learning disabilities population.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
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Chung, M. C. & Cassidy, G. (2001) A preliminary report on the relationship between challenging behaviour and epilepsy in learning disability. European Journal of Psychiatry, 15, 2332.
Cooper, S. A. & Bailey, N. M. (2001) Psychiatric disorders amongst adults with learning disabilities – prevalence and relationship to ability level. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 18, 4553.
Deb, S., Thomas, M. & Bright, C. (2001) Mental disorder in adults with intellectual disability. 1: Prevalence of functional psychiatric illness among a community-based population aged between 16 and 64 years. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 45, 495505.
Espie, C. A., Watkins, J., Curtice, L., et al (2003) Psychopathology in people with epilepsy and intellectual disability; an investigation of potential explanatory variables. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry with Practical Neurology, 74, 14851492.
Kerr, M. P. (2002) Behavioral assessment in mentally retarded and developmentally disabled patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy and Behavior, 3 (suppl 1), 1417.
London Borough of Waltham Forest (2007) Spotlight: A Profile of Inequalities in Waltham Forest (Chapter 9: Ethnicity). London Borough of Waltham Forest (http://www.walthamforest.gov.uk/chapter-9-ethnicity.pdf).
Office for National Statistics (2003) Census 2001 Profiles: Waltham Forest. Office for National Statistics (http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/00BH-A.asp).
Smiley, E. (2005) Epidemiology of mental health problems in adults with learning disability: an update. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 11, 214222.
Turkistani, I.Y. A. (2004) Epilepsy in learning disabilities: relevance and association with mental illness and behavioural disturbances. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 8, 8999.
Tyrer, F., McGrother, C.W., Thorp, C. F., et al (2006) Physical aggression towards others in adults with learning disabilities: prevalence and associated factors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50, 295304.
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
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Comparative survey of comorbidities in people with learning disability with and without epilepsy

  • Deepak G. Pawar (a1) and Emmanuel O. Akuffo (a2)
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