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Consultant psychiatrists' working patterns

  • Alex Mears (a1), Sarah Pajak (a2), Tim Kendall (a2), Cornelius Katona (a3), Jibby Medina (a2), Peter Huxley (a4), Sherrill Evans (a4) and Claire Gately (a4)...
Abstract
Aims and Method

To explore relationships between different styles of working and measures of occupational pressure in consultant psychiatrists. A random sample of 500 consultant psychiatrists were sent a questionnaire about working patterns and lifestyle factors, with other sections using validated tools (such as the 12-item General Health Questionnaire; GHQ).

Results

There were 185 useable questionnaires returned (an adjusted response rate of 39%). Significant relationships were identified between job content and GHQ and burnout scores, indicating that occupational pressures are rendering some consultant posts ‘problem posts', leading to problematic levels of psychological distress among some consultants.

Clinical Implications

Although consultant psychiatrists are more satisfied than not with their jobs, steps need to be taken to address the causes of ‘problem posts', to reduce attrition in the most pressured individuals.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
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Calnan, S., Wainwright, D., Forsythe, M., et al (2001) Mental health and stress in the workplace: the case of general practice in the UK. Social Science and Medicine, 52, 499507.
Department of Health (1996) Health Survey for England 1994. Department of Health.
Department of Health (2005) New Ways of Working for Psychiatrists: Enhancing Effective, Person-Centred Services Through New Ways of Working in Multidisciplinary and Multiagency Contexts. Department of Health.
Edwards, D., Burnard, P., Hannigan, B., et al (2000) Stressors, moderators and stress outcomes for community mental health nurses: findings from the All Wales Community Mental Health Nursing Study. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 7, 529539.
Goldberg, D. (1992) General Health Questionnaire (GHQ–12). nferNelson.
Karasek, R., Brisson, C., Kawakami, N., et al (1998) The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ): an instrument for internationally comparative assessments of psychological job characteristics. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 3, 322355.
Maslach, C. & Jackson, S. E. (1993) Manual of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (2nd edn). Consulting Psychologists Press.
Mears, A., Pajak, S., Kendall, T., et al (2004) Consultant psychiatrists' working patterns: is a progressive approach the key to staff retention? Psychiatric Bulletin, 28, 251253.
Pajak, S., Mears, A., Kendall, T., et al (2003) Workload and Working Patterns in Consultant Psychiatrists. Department of Health.
Royal College of Psychiatrists (2004) 12th Annual Census of Psychiatric Staffing 2004. Royal College of Psychiatrists. http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/census1.pdf.
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
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Consultant psychiatrists' working patterns

  • Alex Mears (a1), Sarah Pajak (a2), Tim Kendall (a2), Cornelius Katona (a3), Jibby Medina (a2), Peter Huxley (a4), Sherrill Evans (a4) and Claire Gately (a4)...
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