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Dorothea Dix: When will we see your like again in Scotland?

  • A. D. T. Robinson (a1)
Extract

Community care around Edinburgh was very poor during the early 1850s. Insane paupers were often detained without warrant in poorhouses and private houses, with no official visits from the sheriff and no records of care kept. Accommodation was often bad, with scant furnishing, such that inmates might have to eat their meals off their knees. Where patients had dirty habits conditions were described as “very close and unpleasant”. Those who received a wash were those who were noisy or violent, using water that was likely to be cold. Only in the summer might a patient be allowed to bathe in the sea. Sexes were often imperfectly separated though restraints might be used, for example, to a bedstead at night. In some establishments, females might fare better in terms of clothing and food (Scottish Lunacy Commission 1857).

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
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Bucknill, J. C. (1856) Report of the Irish, Scotch and American asylums during the past year. Asylum Journal of Mental Science, II, 423424.
Cheney, C. O. (1943–44) Dorothea Lynde Dix. American Journal of Psychiatry, 100, 6168.
Easterbrook, C. C. (1940) The Chronicle of the Crichton Royal. Dumfries: Courier Press.
McCreadie, R. G., Affleck, J. W. & Robinson, A. D. (1985) The Scottish survey of psychiatric rehabilitation and Support Services. British Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 289294.
Marshall, H. (1937) Dorothea Dix, Forgotten Samaritan. North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.
National Consumer Council and the Association of Community Health Councils for England and Wales. (1987) Care in the Community. Report, December, 3035.
Scottish Lunacy Commission (1957) Appendix to the Report. Edinburgh: Thomas Constable.
Shilts, R. (1988) And the Band Played On. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Tiffany, F. (1892) Life of Dorothea Lynde Dix. Cambridge Mass.: Houghton, Mifflin.
Tuke, D. H. (1882) Chapter in The History of the Insane in the British Isles. London: Kegan Paul, Trench.
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
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Dorothea Dix: When will we see your like again in Scotland?

  • A. D. T. Robinson (a1)
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