Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Lithium and the thyroid

  • Carol Paton and Dominic Beer (a1)
Extract

The common thyroid disorders are all autoimmune in origin, with the lifetime risk of thyroid disease being 1–2%. Thyroid autoantibodies are present in 9% of the adult population and 12.7% of women, with the frequency rising steeply in women over 45 years of age (Myers & West, 1987). In addition, 20% of the over 60–year-olds have an abnormal (raised) thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). The presence of both raised TSH and thyroid autoantibodies is associated with the development of clinical hypothyroidism at the rate of 5% per year (Myers & West, 1987).

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Lithium and the thyroid
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Lithium and the thyroid
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Lithium and the thyroid
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
Hide All
Bauer, M. S. & Whybrow, P. C. (1990) Rapid cycling bipolar affective disorder. 11. Treatment of refractory rapid cycling with high-dose levothyroxine: a preliminary study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47, 435–40.
Coppen, A., Abu Saleh, M. T., Milln, P., et al (1983) Reducing lithium dose reduces morbidity and side-effects in affective disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 6, 5366.
Custro, N., Scafidi, V., Lo Baido, R., et al (1994) Subclinical hypothyroidism resulting from autoimmune thyroiditis in female patients with endogenous depression. Journal of Endocrinology Investigations, 17, 641646.
Drury, P. L. (1990) Endocrinology. In Clinical Medicine (eds Kumar, P. & Clark, M.), pp. 764831. Baillière Tindall.
Hoffman, F. A. & Pizzo, P. A. (1987) The immune system. In Modern Lithium Therapy (ed. Johnson, F. N.), pp. 226232. Oxford: IRL Press.
Katona, C. L. E. (1991) Refractory depression. In The Uses of Fluoxetine in Clinical Practice. International Congress and Symposium Series No 183. London: Royal Society of Medicine Services.
Jefferson, J. W. (1990) Lithium: the present and the future. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 51(Suppl. 8). 48.
Myers, D. H. & West, T. E. T. (1987) Hormone systems. In Modem Lithium Therapy (ed. Johnson, F. N.), pp. 220226. Oxford: IRL Press.
Schou, M. (1989) Lithium prophylaxis: myths and realities. American Journal of Psychiatry, 146, 573576.
Smigan, L., Wahlin, A., Jacobsson, L., et al (1984) Lithium therapy and thyroid function tests: a prospective study. Neuropsychobiology, 11, 3943.
Szabadi, S. (1991) Thyroid dysfunction and affective illness. British Medical Journal 302, 923924.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0955-6036
  • EISSN: 1472-1473
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 12 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 2nd January 2018 - 18th July 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Lithium and the thyroid

  • Carol Paton and Dominic Beer (a1)
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *