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Intensive practice of a cognitive task is associated with enhanced functional integration in schizophrenia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 April 2009

R. Schlösser*
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
K. Koch
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
G. Wagner
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
C. Schultz
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
M. Röbel
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
C. Schachtzabel
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
J. R. Reichenbach
Affiliation:
Medical Physics Group, IDIR, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
H. Sauer
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
*
*Address for correspondence: R. Schlösser, M.D., Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Jena, Philosophenweg 3, 07740Jena, Germany. (Email: Ralf.Schloesser@uni-jena.de)

Abstract

Background

There is increasing evidence that the frequently reported working memory impairments in schizophrenia might be partly due to an alteration in the functional connectivity between task-relevant areas. However, little is known about the functional connectivity patterns in schizophrenia patients during learning processes. In a previous study, Koch et al. [Neuroscience (2007) 146, 1474–1483] have demonstrated stronger exponential activation decreases in schizophrenia patients during overlearning of short-term memory material. The question arises whether these differential temporal patterns of activation in schizophrenia patients and controls are going along with changes in task-related functional connectivity.

Method

Therefore, in the current study, 13 patients with schizophrenia and 13 controls were studied while performing a short-term memory task associated with increasing overlearning of verbal stimulus material. Functional connectivity was investigated by analyses of psychophysiological interactions (PPI).

Results

Results revealed significant task-related modulation of functional connectivity between the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and a network including the right DLPFC, left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, premotor cortex, right inferior parietal cortex, left and right cerebellum as well as the left occipital lobe in patients during the course of overlearning and practice. No significant PPI results were detectable in controls.

Conclusions

Activation changes with practice were associated with high functional connectivity between task-relevant areas in schizophrenia patients. This could be interpreted as a compensatory resource allocation and network integration in the context of cortical inefficiency and may be a specific neurophysiological signature underlying the pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2009

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