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Parental supply of alcohol and alcohol consumption in adolescence: prospective cohort study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 October 2016

R. P. Mattick*
Affiliation:
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
M. Wadolowski
Affiliation:
The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
A. Aiken
Affiliation:
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
P. J. Clare
Affiliation:
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
D. Hutchinson
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, VIC 3125, Australia
J. Najman
Affiliation:
Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
T. Slade
Affiliation:
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
R. Bruno
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7000, Australia
N. McBride
Affiliation:
National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
L. Degenhardt
Affiliation:
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
K. Kypri
Affiliation:
Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
*
*Address for correspondence: R. P. Mattick, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Australia, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. (Email: r.mattick@unsw.edu.au)

Abstract

Background

Parents are a major supplier of alcohol to adolescents, yet there is limited research examining the impact of this on adolescent alcohol use. This study investigates associations between parental supply of alcohol, supply from other sources, and adolescent drinking, adjusting for child, parent, family and peer variables.

Method

A cohort of 1927 adolescents was surveyed annually from 2010 to 2014. Measures include: consumption of whole drinks; binge drinking (>4 standard drinks on any occasion); parental supply of alcohol; supply from other sources; child, parent, family and peer covariates.

Results

After adjustment, adolescents supplied alcohol by parents had higher odds of drinking whole beverages [odds ratio (OR) 1.80, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.33–2.45] than those not supplied by parents. However, parental supply was not associated with bingeing, and those supplied alcohol by parents typically consumed fewer drinks per occasion (incidence rate ratio 0.86, 95% CI 0.77–0.96) than adolescents supplied only from other sources. Adolescents obtaining alcohol from non-parental sources had increased odds of drinking whole beverages (OR 2.53, 95% CI 1.86–3.45) and bingeing (OR 3.51, 95% CI 2.53–4.87).

Conclusions

Parental supply of alcohol to adolescents was associated with increased risk of drinking, but not bingeing. These parentally-supplied children also consumed fewer drinks on a typical drinking occasion. Adolescents supplied alcohol from non-parental sources had greater odds of drinking and bingeing. Further follow-up is necessary to determine whether these patterns continue, and to examine alcohol-related harm trajectories. Parents should be advised that supply of alcohol may increase children's drinking.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016 

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