Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The Brief Symptom Inventory: an introductory report

  • Leonard R. Derogatis (a1) and Nick Melisaratos (a1)

Synopsis

This is an introductory report for the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), a brief psychological self-report symptom scale. The BSI was developed from its longer parent instrument, the SCL-90-R, and psychometric evaluation reveals it to be an acceptable short alternative to the complete scale. Both test-retest and internal consistency reliabilities are shown to be very good for the primary symptom dimensions of the BSI, and its correlations with the comparable dimensions of the SCL-90-R are quite high. In terms of validation, high convergence between BSI scales and like dimensions of the MMPI provide good evidence of convergent validity, and factor analytic studies of the internal structure of the scale contribute evidence of construct validity. Several criterion-oriented validity studies have also been completed with this instrument

Copyright

Corresponding author

1Address for correspondence: Dr L. R. Derogatis, Division of Medical Psychology, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Adolf Meyer Building, Room 200, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

References

Hide All
Amenson, C. S. & Lewinsohn, P. M. (1921). An investigation into the observed sex difference in prevalence of unipolar depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 90(1), 113.
Block, J. (1965). The Challenge of Response Sets. Appleton-CenturyCrofts: New York.
Campbell, D. & Fiske, D. W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin 56, 81105.
Dahlstrom, W. G. (1969). Recurrent issues in the development of the MMPI. In MMPI: Research Development and Clinical Applications (ed. Butcher, J. N.), pp. 140. McGraw-Hill: New York.
Derogatis, L. R. (1975). Brief Symptom Inventory. Clinical Psychometric Research: Baltimore.
Derogatis, L. R. (1977). The SCL-90 Manual I: Scoring, Administration and Procedures for the SCL-90. Clinical Psychometric Research: Baltimore.
Derogatis, L. R. & Cleary, P. A. (1977 a). Confirmation of the dimensional structure of the SCL-90: A study in construct validation. Journal of Clinical Psychology 33(4), 981989.
Derogatis, L. R. & Cleary, P. A. (1977 b). Factorial invariance across gender for the primary symptom dimensions of the SCL-90. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 16, 347356.
Derogatis, L. R., Lipman, R. S., Covi, L. & Rickels, K. (1972). Factorial invariance of symptom dimensions in anxious and depressive neuroses. Archives of General Psychiatry 27, 659665.
Derogatis, L. R., Lipman, R. S., Rickels, K., Uhlenhuth, E. H. & Covi, L. (1974). The Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL): A self-report symptom inventory. Behavioural Science 19(1), 115.
Derogatis, L. R., Yevzeroff, H. & Wittelsberger, B. (1975). Social class, psychological disorder and the nature of the psychopathologic indicator. Journal of Consult ing and Clinical Psychology 43, 183191.
Derogatis, L. R., Rickels, K. & Rock, A. F. (1976). The SCL-90 and the MMPI: A step in the validation of a new self-report scale. British Journal of Psychiatry 128, 280289.
Edwards, A. L. (1957). The Social Desirability Variable in Personality Assessment and Research. Holt: New York.
Fiske, D. W. (1971). Measuring the Concepts of Personality. Aldine: Chicago.
Fowler, R. D. (1969). Automation and the computer. In MMPI: Research Developments and Clinical Applications (ed. Butcher, J. N.), pp. 105126. McGraw-Hill: New York.
Glueck, B. C. & Stroebel, C. F. (1969). The computer and the clinical decision process. American Journal of Psychiatry 125(7), (Suppl), 27.
Gorsuch, R. L. (1966). A comparison of Biquartimin, Maxplane, Promax and varimax. Educational Research 36, 566587.
Harman, H. H. (1967). Modern Factor Analysis. University of Chicago Press: Chicago.
Kellner, R. (1971). Part I. Improvement criteria in drug trials with neurotic patients. Psychological Medicine 1, 416425.
Kremer, E. & Atkinson, H. J. (1981). Pain measurement: construct validity of the affective dimension of the McGill Pain Questionnaire with chronic benign pain patients. Pain 11, 93100.
Lanyon, R. I. (1972). Technological approach to the improvement of decision making in mental health services. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 39, 4348.
Lanyon, R. I. (1974). Technology of personality assessment: The sychological screening inventory. In Progress in Experimental Personality Research, vol. 7 (ed. Maher, B.A.). Academic Press: New York.
Lyerly, S. B. & Abbott, P. S. (1964). Handbook of Psychiatry Rating Scales (19501964). NIMH: Bethesda, Maryland.
Marshal, P. S. & Bougsty, T. (1981). Social/psychological problems in an energy-impacted community. In Proceedings of the First International Symposium on the Human Side of Energy (ed. Davenport, J. A. and Davenport, J.), pp. 5566. University of Wyoming: Laramie, Wyoming.
Messick, S. (1975). The standard problem: Meaning and values in measurement and evaluation. American Psychologist 30, 955966.
Messick, S. (1981). Constructs and their vicissitudes in educational and psychological measurement. Psychological Bulletin 89(3), 575588.
Nunnally, J. C. (1978). An overview of psychological measurement. In Clinical Diagnosis of Mental Disorders: A Handbook (ed. Wohnan, B. B.), pp. 97146. Plenum Press: New York.
Peterson, R. L., Hodge, E. A., Kafer, L. G., Matthews, S. R., Pfeifle, H. H. & Van Heuse, C. L. (1981). A group counselling emphasis at a university counselling service. Psychotherapy Theory and Practice 18, 525536.
Rorer, L. G. (1965). The great response-style myth. Psychological Bulletin 63, 129156.
Thorndike, E. L. & Lorge, I. (1944). The Teacher's Work Book of 30000 Words. Bureau of Publications: New York.
Tryon, R. C. (1966). Unrestricted cluster and factor analysis with application to the MMPI. and Holzinger-Harman problems. Multivariate Behavioral Research 1, 229244.
Wiggins, J. S. (1966). Substantive dimensions of self-report in the MMPI item pool. Psychological Monographs 80 (22, whole no. 630).
Wilde, G. J. S. (1972). Trait description and measurement by personality questionnaires. In Handbook of Modern Personality Theory (ed. Cattell, R. B.), pp. 69103. Aldine: Chicago.
Woodworth, R. S. (1918). Personal Data Sheet. Stoelting: Chicago.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed