Evans-Lacko, S. Takizawa, R. Brimblecombe, N. King, D. Knapp, M. Maughan, B. and Arseneault, L. 2017. Childhood bullying victimization is associated with use of mental health services over five decades: a longitudinal nationally representative cohort study. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 47, Issue. 01, p. 127.
McGrath, J. J. McLaughlin, K. A. Saha, S. Aguilar-Gaxiola, S. Al-Hamzawi, A. Alonso, J. Bruffaerts, R. de Girolamo, G. de Jonge, P. Esan, O. Florescu, S. Gureje, O. Haro, J. M. Hu, C. Karam, E. G. Kovess-Masfety, V. Lee, S. Lepine, J. P. Lim, C. C. W. Medina-Mora, M. E. Mneimneh, Z. Pennell, B. E. Piazza, M. Posada-Villa, J. Sampson, N. Viana, M. C. Xavier, M. Bromet, E. J. Kendler, K. S. and Kessler, R. C. 2017. The association between childhood adversities and subsequent first onset of psychotic experiences: a cross-national analysis of 23 998 respondents from 17 countries. Psychological Medicine, p. 1.
Badcock, Johanna C. Panton, Kirsten Cohen, Alex and Badcock, David R. 2016. Both harmful and (some) helpful behaviours from others are associated with increased expression of schizotypal traits. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 239, p. 308.
Bartels-Velthuis, A. A. Wigman, J. T. W. Jenner, J. A. Bruggeman, R. and van Os, J. 2016. Course of auditory vocal hallucinations in childhood: 11-year follow-up study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 134, Issue. 1, p. 6.
Boden, J. M. van Stockum, S. Horwood, L. J. and Fergusson, D. M. 2016. Bullying victimization in adolescence and psychotic symptomatology in adulthood: evidence from a 35-year study. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 46, Issue. 06, p. 1311.
Catone, Gennaro Pisano, Simone Broome, Matthew Lindau, Juliana Fortes Pascotto, Antonio and Gritti, Antonella 2016. Continuity between Stressful Experiences and Delusion Content in Adolescents with Psychotic Disorders – A Pilot Study. Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Vol. 4, Issue. 1, p. 14.
Cunningham, Twylla Hoy, Katrina and Shannon, Ciaran 2016. Does childhood bullying lead to the development of psychotic symptoms? A meta-analysis and review of prospective studies. Psychosis, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 48.
Day, Kimberly L. Van Lieshout, Ryan J. Vaillancourt, Tracy Saigal, Saroj Boyle, Michael H. and Schmidt, Louis A. 2016. Long-term effects of peer victimization on social outcomes through the fourth decade of life in individuals born at normal or extremely low birthweight. British Journal of Developmental Psychology,
Gibson, Lauren E. Alloy, Lauren B. and Ellman, Lauren M. 2016. Trauma and the psychosis spectrum: A review of symptom specificity and explanatory mechanisms. Clinical Psychology Review, Vol. 49, p. 92.
Hardy, Amy Emsley, Richard Freeman, Daniel Bebbington, Paul Garety, Philippa A. Kuipers, Elizabeth E. Dunn, Graham and Fowler, David 2016. Psychological Mechanisms Mediating Effects Between Trauma and Psychotic Symptoms: The Role of Affect Regulation, Intrusive Trauma Memory, Beliefs, and Depression. Schizophrenia Bulletin, Vol. 42, Issue. suppl 1, p. S34.
Kretschmer, Tina 2016. What Explains Correlates of Peer Victimization? A Systematic Review of Mediating Factors. Adolescent Research Review, Vol. 1, Issue. 4, p. 341.
Longden, E. Sampson, M. and Read, J. 2016. Childhood adversity and psychosis: generalised or specific effects?. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, Vol. 25, Issue. 04, p. 349.
Morgan, Craig and Gayer-Anderson, Charlotte 2016. Childhood adversities and psychosis: evidence, challenges, implications. World Psychiatry, Vol. 15, Issue. 2, p. 93.
Özcan, Neslihan K Boyacioğlu, Nur E Enginkaya, Semra Bilgin, Hülya and Tomruk, Nesrin B 2016. The relationship between attachment styles and childhood trauma: a transgenerational perspective - a controlled study of patients with psychiatric disorders. Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 25, Issue. 15-16, p. 2357.
Sommer, Iris E Bearden, Carrie E van Dellen, Edwin Breetvelt, Elemi J Duijff, Sasja N Maijer, Kim van Amelsvoort, Therese de Haan, Lieuwe Gur, Raquel E Arango, Celso Díaz-Caneja, Covadonga M Vinkers, Christiaan H and Vorstman, Jacob AS 2016. Early interventions in risk groups for schizophrenia: what are we waiting for?. npj Schizophrenia, Vol. 2, p. 16003.
Wickham, Sophie and Bentall, Richard 2016. Are Specific Early-Life Adversities Associated With Specific Symptoms of Psychosis?. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 204, Issue. 8, p. 606.
Yamasaki, Syudo Ando, Shuntaro Koike, Shinsuke Usami, Satoshi Endo, Kaori French, Paul Sasaki, Tsukasa Furukawa, Toshi A. Hasegawa-Hiraiwa, Mariko Kasai, Kiyoto and Nishida, Atsushi 2016. Dissociation mediates the relationship between peer victimization and hallucinatory experiences among early adolescents. Schizophrenia Research: Cognition, Vol. 4, p. 18.
Betts, Lucy R. Houston, James E. and Steer, Oonagh L. 2015. Development of the Multidimensional Peer Victimization Scale–Revised (MPVS-R) and the Multidimensional Peer Bullying Scale (MPVS-RB). The Journal of Genetic Psychology, Vol. 176, Issue. 2, p. 93.
Catone, Gennaro Marwaha, Steven Kuipers, Elizabeth Lennox, Belinda Freeman, Daniel Bebbington, Paul and Broome, Matthew 2015. Bullying victimisation and risk of psychotic phenomena: analyses of British national survey data. The Lancet Psychiatry, Vol. 2, Issue. 7, p. 618.
Keshavan, Matcheri S. Mehta, Urvakhsh Meherwan Padmanabhan, Jaya L. and Shah, Jai L. 2015. Dysplasticity, metaplasticity, and schizophrenia: Implications for risk, illness, and novel interventions. Development and Psychopathology, Vol. 27, Issue. 02, p. 615.
Approximately 11% of schoolchildren are bullied on a regular basis. It has been argued that continuous exposure to stress is related to the development of psychotic symptoms. The current study sought to investigate whether being bullied in childhood is related to the development of psychotic symptoms.
A search of PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE was conducted. The reference lists of included papers were searched to identify other eligible papers. A meta-analysis was performed on a subgroup of studies.
We found four clinical and 10 general population studies that met inclusion criteria. The results of the clinical studies were mixed. However, the results of the non-clinical studies provided more consistent evidence that school bullying is related to the development of non-clinical psychotic symptoms. Stronger associations were found with increased frequency and severity and longer duration of being bullied. We performed a meta-analysis on seven population-based studies, yielding unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of 2.7 [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1–3.6] and 2.3 (95% CI 1.5–3.4) respectively.
Although there is some evidence of an association between bullying and psychosis in clinical samples, the research is too sparse to draw any firm conclusions. However, population-based non-clinical studies support the role of bullying in the development of psychotic symptoms later in life. These findings are consistent with findings of an increased risk of psychotic symptoms among those exposed to other types of abuse.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.
Abstract views reflect the number of visits to the article landing page.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.