Arkes HR (1981). Impediments to accurate clinical judgment and possible ways to minimize their impact. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 49, 323–330.
Arocha JF, Patel VL, Patel YC (1993). Hypothesis generation and the coordination of theory and evidence in novice diagnostic reasoning. Medical Decision Making 13, 198–211.
Ask K, Granhag PA (2007). Motivational bias in criminal investigators' judgments of witness reliability. Journal of Applied Psychology 37, 561–591.
Berner ES (2007). Clinical Decision Support Systems: Theory and Practice. Springer-Verlag: New York.
Berner ES, Maisiak RS, Cobbs CG, Taunton OD (1999). Effects of a decision support system on physicians' diagnostic performance. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 6, 420–427.
Croskerry P (2002). Achieving quality in clinical decision making: cognitive strategies and detection of bias. Academic Emergency Medicine 9, 1184–1204.
Croskerry P (2003 a). The importance of cognitive errors in diagnosis and strategies to minimize them. Academic Medicine 78, 775–780.
Croskerry P (2003 b). Cognitive forcing strategies in clinical decision making. Annals of Emergency Medicine 41, 110–120.
Dawson NV (2000). Physician judgments of uncertainty. In Decision Making in Health Care: Theory, Psychology, and Applications (ed. Chapman G. B. and Sonnenberg F. A.), pp. 211–252. Cambridge University Press: New York.
Elstein AS, Schwartz A (2002). Clinical problem solving and diagnostic decision making: selective review of the cognitive literature. British Medical Journal 324, 729–732.
Festinger L (1964). Conflict, Decision, and Dissonance. Stanford University Press: Stanford, CA.
Fischer P, Jonas E, Frey D, Schulz-Hardt S (2005). Selective exposure to information: the impact of information limits. European Journal of Social Psychology 35, 469–492.
Frey D (1981). Informationssuche und Informationsbewertung bei Entscheidungen [Information Seeking and Information Evaluation in Decision Making]. Verlag Hans Huber: Bern.
Frey D (1986). Recent research on selective exposure to information. In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (ed. Berkowitz L.), pp. 41–80. Academic Press: New York.
Friedman MH, Connell KJ, Olthoff AJ, Sinacore JM, Bordage G (1998). Medical student errors in making a diagnosis. Academic Medicine 73 (Suppl. 10), S19–S21.
Gallagher EJ (2003). Thinking about thinking. Annals of Emergency Medicine 41, 121–122.
Gambrill E (2005). Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice: Improving the Quality of Judgements and Decisions. John Wiley & Sons Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
Graber MA, VanScoy D (2003). How well does decision support software perform in the emergency department? Emergency Medicine Journal 20, 426–428.
Groopman JE (2007). How Doctors Think. Houghton Mifflin Publishing Co: Boston, MA.
Gurmankin AD, Baron J, Hershey JC, Ubel PA (2002). The role of physicians' recommendations in medical treatment decisions. Medical Decision Making 22, 262–271.
Hirt ER, Markman KD (1995). Multiple explanation: a consider-an-alternative strategy for debiasing judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69, 1069–1086.
Jonas E, Frey D (2003). Information search and presentation in advisor-client interaction. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 91, 154–168.
Jonas E, Schulz-Hardt S, Frey D, Thelen N (2001). Confirmation bias in sequential information search after preliminary decisions: an expansion of dissonance theoretical research on selective exposure to information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 80, 557–571.
Kern L, Doherty ME (1982). ‘Pseudodiagnosticity’ in an idealized medical problem-solving environment. Journal of Medical Education 57, 100–104.
Klayman J (1995). Varieties of confirmation bias. Psychology of Learning and Motivation 32, 358–418.
Klein JG (2005). Five pitfalls in decisions about diagnosis and prescribing. British Medical Journal 330, 781–783.
Krems JF, Zierer C (1994). Are experts immune to cognitive bias? Dependence of ‘confirmation bias’ on specialist knowledge [in German]. Zeitschrift für experimentelle und angewandte Psychologie 41, 98–115.
Mynatt CR, Doherty ME, Tweney RD (1978). Consequences of confirmation and disconfirmation in a simulated research environment. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 30, 395–406.
Nemeth CJ, Connell JB, Rogers JD, Brown KS (2001). Improving decision making by means of dissent. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 31, 48–58.
Newman-Toker DE, Pronovost PJ (2009). Diagnostic errors – the next frontier for patients safety. Journal of the American Medical Association 301, 1060–1062.
Nickerson RS (1998). Confirmation bias: a ubiquitous phenomenon in many guises. Review of General Psychology 2, 175–220.
Pines JM (2006). Profiles in patient safety: confirmation bias in emergency medicine. Academic Emergency Medicine 13, 90–94.
Ramnarayan P, Cronje N, Brown R, Negus R, Coode B, Moss P, Hassan T, Hamer W, Britto J (2007). Validation of a diagnostic reminder system in emergency medicine: a multi-centre study. Emergency Medicine Journal 24, 619–624.
Weingart SN, McL Wilson R, Gibberd RW, Harrison B (2000). Epidemiology of medical error. Western Journal of Medicine 172, 390–393.
Wolf FM, Gruppen LD, Billim JE (1985). Differential diagnosis and the competing-hypotheses heuristic. A practical approach to judgment under uncertainty and Bayesian probability. Journal of the American Medical Association 253, 2858–2862.
Wolf FM, Gruppen LD, Billi JE (1988). Use of the competing-hypotheses heuristic to reduce ‘pseudodiagnosticity’. Journal of Medical Education 63, 548–554.