Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Eating Attitudes Test: psychometric features and clinical correlates

  • David M. Garner (a1), Marion P. Olmsted (a1), Yvonne Bohr (a1) and Paul E. Garfinkel (a1)

Psychometric and clinical correlates of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) are described for a large sample of female anorexia nervosa (N = 160) and female comparison (N = 140) subjects. An abbreviated 26-item version of the EAT (EAT-26) is proposed, based on a factor analysis of the original scale (EAT-40). The EAT-26 is highly correlated with the EAT-40 (r = 0·98) and three factors form subscales which are meaningfully related to bulimia, weight, body-image variables and psychological symptoms. Whereas there are no differces between bulimic and restricter anorexia nervosa patients on the total EAT-26 and EAT-40 scores, these groups do indicate significant differences on EAT-26 fractors. Norms for the anorexia nervosa and female comparison subjects are presented for the EAT-26, EAT-40 and the EAT-26 factors. It is concluded that the EAT-26 is a reliable, valid and economical instrument which may be useful as an objective measure of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa.

Corresponding author
1Address for correspondence: Dr David M. Garner. Clarke Institute of Psychiatry. 250 College Street. Toronto. Ontario M5T I R8. Canada.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R. B. Cattell (1966). The scree test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behavioral Research 1, 245276.

L. Derogatis , R. Lipman , K. Rickels . E. H. Uhlenhuth & L. Covi (1974). The Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL): a self-report symptom inventory. Behavioural Science 19, 115.

J. P. Feighner , E. Robins , S. B. Guze , R. A. Woodruff , G. Winokur & R. Munoz (1972). Diagnostic criteria for use in psychiatric research. Archives of General Psychiatry 26, 5763.

M. M. Fichter & W. Keeser (1980). Das Anorexia Nervosa inventar zur Selbstbeurteilung (ANIS). Archiv für Psychiatric und Nervenkrankheiten 228, 6789.

P. E. Garfinkel , H. Moldofsky & D. M. Garner (1980). The heterogeneity of anorexia nervosa. Archives of General Psychiatry 37, 10361040.

D. M. Garner & P. E. Garfinkel (1981). Body image in anorexia nervosa: Measurement, theory and clinical implications. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine 11, 263284.

D. M. Garner , P. E. Garfinkel , H. C. Stancer & H. Moldofsky (1976). Body image disturbances in anorexia nervosa and obesity. Psychosomatic Medicine 38. 227237.

S. C. Goldberg , K. A. Halmi , E. D. Eckert , R. C. Casper , J. M. Davis & M. Roper (1980). Attitudinal dimensions in anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research 15, 239251.

R. C. Hawkins & P. F. Clement (1980 b). Development and construct validation of a self-report measure of binge eating tendencies. Addictive Behaviors 5, 219226.

J. Hood , T. E. Moore & D. M. Garner (1982). Locus of control as a measure of ineffectiveness in anorexia nervosa. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 50, 313.

D. W. Reid & E. E. Ware (1973). Multidimensionality of internal external control: implications for past and future research. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science 5, 264271.

P. D. Slade (1973). A short anorexic behaviour scale. British Journal of Psychiatry 122, 8385.

M. Strober (1981). The relation of personality characteristics to body image disturbances in juvenile anorexia nervosa: a multivariate analysis. Psychosomatic Medicine 43. 323330.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 203 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 2243 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 27th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.