Savage, Karen Firth, Joseph Stough, Con and Sarris, Jerome 2018. GABA-modulating phytomedicines for anxiety: A systematic review of preclinical and clinical evidence. Phytotherapy Research, Vol. 32, Issue. 1, p. 3.
Amorim, Diogo Amado, José Brito, Irma Fiuza, Sónia M. Amorim, Nicole Costeira, Cristina and Machado, Jorge 2018. Acupuncture and electroacupuncture for anxiety disorders: A systematic review of the clinical research. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, Vol. 31, p. 31.
Yoo, Yongjoon Park, Hyeon-Ju Park, Soowon Cho, Maeng Je Cho, Seong-Jin Lee, Ji Yeon Choi, Soo-Hee Lee, Jun-Young and Harpaz-Rotem, Ilan 2018. Interpersonal trauma moderates the relationship between personality factors and suicidality of individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder. PLOS ONE, Vol. 13, Issue. 1, p. e0191198.
Çökmüş, Fikret Poyraz Özmen, Erol Alkin, Tunç Batir, Muhammet Burak and Çam, Fethi Sırrı 2018. Evaluation of serum MicroRNA expression profiles in patients with panic disorder. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology, p. 1.
Stagnaro, Juan Carlos Cía, Alfredo H. Aguilar Gaxiola, Sergio Vázquez, Néstor Sustas, Sebastián Benjet, Corina and Kessler, Ronald C. 2018. Twelve-month prevalence rates of mental disorders and service use in the Argentinean Study of Mental Health Epidemiology. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology,
Xue, Ying Xu, Zi-Yan Zaroff, Charles Chi, Peilian Du, Hongfei Ungvari, Gabor S. Chiu, Helen F.K. Yang, Yun-Ping and Xiang, Yu-Tao 2018. Associations of Differentiation of Self and Adult Attachment in Individuals With Anxiety-Related Disorders. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, Vol. 54, Issue. 1, p. 54.
Graham, Bronwyn M. and Scott, Elliot 2018. Effects of systemic estradiol on fear extinction in female rats are dependent on interactions between dose, estrous phase, and endogenous estradiol levels. Hormones and Behavior, Vol. 97, p. 67.
Fernández-de-las-Peñas, César Fernández-Muñoz, Juan J. Palacios-Ceña, María Parás-Bravo, Paula Cigarán-Méndez, Margarita and Navarro-Pardo, Esperanza 2018. Sleep disturbances in tension-type headache and migraine. Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders, Vol. 11, p. 175628561774544.
Song, Cai Liu, Bai-Ping Zhang, Yong-Ping Peng, Zhilan Wang, JiaJia Collier, Adam D. Echevarria, David J. Savelieva, Katerina V. Lawrence, Robert F. Rex, Christopher S. Meshalkina, Darya A. and Kalueff, Allan V. 2018. Modeling consequences of prolonged strong unpredictable stress in zebrafish: Complex effects on behavior and physiology. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 81, p. 384.
Vancampfort, D. Stubbs, B. Herring, M.P. Hallgren, M. and Koyanagi, A. 2018. Sedentary behavior and anxiety: Association and influential factors among 42,469 community-dwelling adults in six low- and middle-income countries. General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 50, p. 26.
Alonso, Jordi Liu, Zhaorui Evans-Lacko, Sara Sadikova, Ekaterina Sampson, Nancy Chatterji, Somnath Abdulmalik, Jibril Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio Al-Hamzawi, Ali Andrade, Laura H. Bruffaerts, Ronny Cardoso, Graça Cia, Alfredo Florescu, Silvia de Girolamo, Giovanni Gureje, Oye Haro, Josep M. He, Yanling de Jonge, Peter Karam, Elie G. Kawakami, Norito Kovess-Masfety, Viviane Lee, Sing Levinson, Daphna Medina-Mora, Maria Elena Navarro-Mateu, Fernando Pennell, Beth-Ellen Piazza, Marina Posada-Villa, José ten Have, Margreet Zarkov, Zahari Kessler, Ronald C. and Thornicroft, Graham 2018. Treatment gap for anxiety disorders is global: Results of the World Mental Health Surveys in 21 countries. Depression and Anxiety,
McDowell, C. P. Gordon, B. R. Andrews, K. L. MacDonncha, C. and Herring, M. P. 2018. Associations of physical activity with anxiety symptoms and status: results from The Irish longitudinal study on ageing. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, p. 1.
Malan-Muller, Stefanie Valles-Colomer, Mireia Raes, Jeroen Lowry, Christopher A. Seedat, Soraya and Hemmings, Sian M.J. 2018. The Gut Microbiome and Mental Health: Implications for Anxiety- and Trauma-Related Disorders. OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, Vol. 22, Issue. 2, p. 90.
Schroder, Hans S. Clark, D. Angus and Moser, Jason S. 2017. Screening for Problematic Worry in Adults With a Single Item From the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Assessment, p. 107319111769445.
Royston, R. Howlin, P. Waite, J. and Oliver, C. 2017. Anxiety Disorders in Williams Syndrome Contrasted with Intellectual Disability and the General Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 47, Issue. 12, p. 3765.
Woody, C.A. Ferrari, A.J. Siskind, D.J. Whiteford, H.A. and Harris, M.G. 2017. A systematic review and meta-regression of the prevalence and incidence of perinatal depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 219, p. 86.
Pavlova, B. Perlis, R. H. Mantere, O. Sellgren, C. M. Isometsä, E. Mitchell, P. B. Alda, M. and Uher, R. 2017. Prevalence of current anxiety disorders in people with bipolar disorder during euthymia: a meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 47, Issue. 06, p. 1107.
Lei, Yuan Chen, Chu-Jun Yan, Xiao-Xin Li, Zhiyuan and Deng, Xiao-Hua 2017. Early-life lipopolysaccharide exposure potentiates forebrain expression of NLRP3 inflammasome proteins and anxiety-like behavior in adolescent rats. Brain Research, Vol. 1671, p. 43.
Gatti, Alessia Gottschling, Juliana Brugnera, Agostino Adorni, Roberta Zarbo, Cristina Compare, Angelo and Segal, Daniel L. 2017. An investigation of the psychometric properties of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS) in an Italian sample of community-dwelling older adults. Aging & Mental Health, p. 1.
Fleming, P. Bai, J.W. Pratt, M. Sibbald, C. Lynde, C. and Gulliver, W.P. 2017. The prevalence of anxiety in patients with psoriasis: a systematic review of observational studies and clinical trials. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, Vol. 31, Issue. 5, p. 798.
The literature describing the global prevalence of anxiety disorders is highly variable. A systematic review and meta-regression were undertaken to estimate the prevalence of anxiety disorders and to identify factors that may influence these estimates. The findings will inform the new Global Burden of Disease study.
A systematic review identified prevalence studies of anxiety disorders published between 1980 and 2009. Electronic databases, reference lists, review articles and monographs were searched and experts then contacted to identify missing studies. Substantive and methodological factors associated with inter-study variability were identified through meta-regression analyses and the global prevalence of anxiety disorders was calculated adjusting for study methodology.
The prevalence of anxiety disorders was obtained from 87 studies across 44 countries. Estimates of current prevalence ranged between 0.9% and 28.3% and past-year prevalence between 2.4% and 29.8%. Substantive factors including gender, age, culture, conflict and economic status, and urbanicity accounted for the greatest proportion of variability. Methodological factors in the final multivariate model (prevalence period, number of disorders and diagnostic instrument) explained an additional 13% of variance between studies. The global current prevalence of anxiety disorders adjusted for methodological differences was 7.3% (4.8–10.9%) and ranged from 5.3% (3.5–8.1%) in African cultures to 10.4% (7.0–15.5%) in Euro/Anglo cultures.
Anxiety disorders are common and the substantive and methodological factors identified here explain much of the variability in prevalence estimates. Specific attention should be paid to cultural differences in responses to survey instruments for anxiety disorders.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd March 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.