Ajakaiyea, O, Alib, AAG (2009). Managing post-conflict recovery in Africa: an overview. Journal of African Economies 18 (Suppl. 1), i3–i11.
Andrews, G, Henderson, S, Hall, W (2001). Prevalence, comorbidity, disability and service utilisation: overview of the Australian National Mental Health Survey. British Journal of Psychiatry 178, 145–153.
Antony, MM, Stein, MB (editors) (2009). Oxford Handbook of Anxiety and Related Disorders. Oxford University Press: New York.
Beesdo, K, Pine, DS, Lieb, R, Wittchen, H-U (2010). Incidence and risk patterns of anxiety and depressive disorders and categorization of generalized anxiety disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry 67, 47–57.
Belsley, DA (1991). Conditioning Diagnostics: Collinearity and Weak Data in Regression. Wiley: New York.
Benjet, C, Borges, G, Medina-Mora, ME, Zambrano, J, Aguilar-Gaxiola, S (2009). Youth mental health in a populous city of the developing worlds: results from the Mexican Adolescent Mental Health Survey. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 50, 386–395.
Campbell, JC (2002). Health consequences of intimate partner violence. Lancet 359, 1331–1336.
Cheng, ATA (2001). Case definition and culture: are people all the same? British Journal of Psychiatry 179, 1–3.
Costello, EJ, Egger, HL, Angold, A (2005). The developmental epidemiology of anxiety disorders: phenomenology, prevalence and comorbidity. Child and Adolescent Psychaitric Clinics of North America 14, 631–648.
Das, J, Do, Q, Friedman, J, McKenzie, D, Scott, K (2007). Mental health and poverty in developing countries: revisiting the relationship. Social Science and Medicine 65, 467–480.
de Graaf, R, Bijl, RV, Smit, F, Vollebergh, WAM, Spijker, J (2002). Risk factors for 12-month comorbidity of mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders: findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study. American Journal of Psychiatry 159, 620–629.
de Jong, JT, Komproe, IH, van Ommeren, M, El Masri, M, Araya, M, Khaled, N, van de Put, W, Somasundaram, D (2001). Lifetime events and posttraumatic stress disorder in 4 postconflict settings. Journal of the American Medical Association 286, 555–562.
Degenhardt, L, Whiteford, H, Hall, W, Vos, T (2009). Estimating the burden of disease attributable to illicit drug use and mental disorders: what is ‘Global Burden of Disease 2005’ and why does it matter? Addiction 104, 1466–1471.
Eaton, WW (1995). Progress in the epidemiology of anxiety disorders. Epidemiologic Reviews 17, 32–38.
Espié, E, Gaboulaud, V, Baubet, T, Casas, G, Mouchenik, Y, Yun, O, Grais, RF, Moro, MR (2009). Trauma-related psychological disorders among Palestinian children and adults in Gaza and West Bank, 2005–2008. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 3, 21.
Galea, S, Ahern, J, Tracy, M, Hubbard, A, Cerda, M, Goldmann, E, Vlahov, D (2008). Longitudinal determinants of posttraumatic stress in a population-based cohort study. Epidemiology 19, 47–54.
Gigantesco, A, Palumbo, G, Mirabella, F, Pettinelli, M, Morosini, P (2006). Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in an Italian town: low prevalence confirmed with two different interviews. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 75, 170–176.
Harris, RJ, Bradburn, M, Deeks, J, Harbord, R, Altman, D, Sterne, J (2008). Metan: fixed- and random-effects meta-analysis. Stata Journal 8, 3–28.
Hinton, DE, Parl, L, Hsia, C, Hofmann, S, Pollack, MH (2009). Anxiety disorder presentations in Asian populations: a review. CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics 15, 295–303.
Homer, D, Lemeshow, S (1989). Applied Logistic Regression. Wiley: New York.
Hovens, JG, Giltay, EJ, Wiersma, JE, Spinhoven, P, Penninx, BW, Zitman, FG (2012). Impact of childhood life events and trauma on the course of depressive and anxiety disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. Published online 23 January 2012. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.2011.01828.x.
Johnson, PB, Malgady, R (1999). Cultural/ethnic comparisons: a research agenda. Journal of Gender, Culture, and Health 4, 171–185.
Kadri, N, Agoub, M, El Gnaoui, S, Berrada, S, Moussaoui, D (2007). Prevalence of anxiety disorders: a population-based epidemiological study in metropolitan area of Casablanca, Morocco. Annals of General Psychiatry 6, 6.
Kahn, RS, Wise, PH, Kennedy, BP, Kawachi, I (2000). State income inequality, household income, and maternal mental and physical health: cross sectional national survey. British Medical Journal 321, 1311–1315.
Kapiriri, L, Norheim, OF, Heggenhougen, K (2003). Using burden of disease information for health planning in developing countries: the experience from Uganda. Social Science and Medicine 56, 2433–2441.
Kawakami, N, Abdulghani, EA, Alonso, J, Bromet, EJ, Bruffaerts, R, Caldas-de-Almeida, JM, Chiu, WT, de Girolamo, G, de Graaf, R, Fayyad, J, Ferry, F, Florescu, S, Gureje, O, Hu, C, Lakoma, MD, LeBlanc, W, Lee, S, Levinson, D, Malhotra, S, Matschinger, H, Medina-Mora, ME, Nakamura, Y, Oakley Browne, MA, Okoliyski, M, Posada-Villa, J, Sampson, NA, Viana, MC, Kessler, RC (2012). Early-life mental disorders and adult household income in the World Mental Health Surveys. Biological Psychiatry. Published online 20 April 2012. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.03.009.
Kessler, RC, Amminger, GP, Aguilar-Gaxiola, S, Alonso, J, Lee, S, Ustun, TB (2007). Age of onset of mental disorders: a review of recent literature. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 20, 359–364.
Kessler, RC, Berglund, P, Demler, O, Jin, R, Merikangas, KR, Walters, EE (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry 62, 593–602.
Kessler, RC, Greenberg, PE (2002). The economic burden of anxiety and stress disorders. In Neuropsychopharmacology: The Fifth Generation of Progress (ed. Davis, K. L., Charney, D., Coyle, J. T. and Nemeroff, C.), pp 981–992. Lippencott, Williams and Wilkins: Philadelphia.
Kessler, RC, McLaughlin, KA, Koenen, KC, Petukhova, M, Hill, ED (2012). The importance of secondary trauma exposure for post-disaster mental disorder. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 21, 35–45.
Kessler, RC, Wai, TC, Demler, O, Walters, EE (2005). Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry 62, 617–627.
Kruijshaar, ME, Barendregt, J, Vos, T, de Graaf, R, Spijker, J, Andrews, G (2005). Lifetime prevalence estimates of major depression: an indirect estimation method and a quantification of recall bias. European Journal of Epidemiology 20, 103–111.
Lewis-Fernández, R, Hinton, D, Laria, A, Patterson, E, Hofmann, S, Craske, M, Stein, D, Asnaani, A, Liao, B (2010). Culture and the anxiety disorders: recommendations for DSM-V. Depression and Anxiety 27, 212–229.
Marks, I (1986). Epidemiology of anxiety. Social Psychiatry 21, 167–171.
Moffitt, TE, Caspi, A, Harrington, H, Milne, BJ, Melchior, M, Goldberg, D, Poulton, R (2007). Generalized anxiety disorder and depression: childhood risk factors in a birth cohort followed to age 32. Psychological Medicine 37, 441–452.
Moffitt, TE, Caspi, A, Taylor, AJ, Kokaua, J, Milne, BJ, Polanczyk, G, Poulton, R (2010). How common are common mental disorders? Evidence that lifetime prevalence rates are doubled by prospective versus retrospective ascertainment. Psychological Medicine 40, 899–909.
Moher, D, Liberati, A, Tetzlaff, J, Altman, DG, The PRISMA Group (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA Statement. PLoS Medicine 6, e1000097.
Murray, CJL, King, G, Lopez, AD, Tomijima, N, Krug, EG (2002). Armed conflict as a public health problem. British Medical Journal 324, 346–349.
Murray, CJL, Lopez, A (1996). Global Health Statistics: A Compendium of Incidence, Prevalence and Mortality Estimates for over 200 Conditions. Harvard School of Public Health on behalf of the World Health Organization and the World Bank: Cambridge, MA.
Murray, CJL, Lopez, AD, Black, R, Mathers, CD, Shibuya, K, Ezzati, M, Salomon, JA, Michaud, CM, Walker, N, Vos, T (2005). Global Burden of Disease 2005: call for collaborators. Lancet 370, 109–110.
Overbeek, G, Vollebergh, W, de Graaf, R, Scholte, R, de Kemp, R, Engels, R (2006). Longitudinal associations of marital quality and marital dissolution with the incidence of DSM-III-R disorders. Journal of Family Psychology 20, 284–291.
Phillips, MR, Zhang, J, Shi, Q, Song, Z, Ding, Z, Pang, S, Li, X, Zhang, Y, Wang, Z (2009). Prevalence, treatment, and associated disability of mental disorders in four provinces in China during 2001–05: an epidemiological survey. Lancet 373, 2041–2053.
Pirkola, S, Isometsä, E, Survisaari, J, Aro, H, Joukamaa, M, Pöikolainen, K, Koshinen, S, Aromaa, A, Loennqvist, J (2005). DSM-IV mood-anxiety and alchohol disorders and their cormorbity in the Finnish general population. Results from the Health 2000 Study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 40, 1–10.
Prina, AM, Ferri, CP, Guerra, M, Brayne, C, Prince, M (2011). Prevalence of anxiety and its correlates among older adults in Latin America, India and China: cross-cultural study. British Journal of Psychiatry 199, 485–491.
Regier, DA, Rae, DS, Narrow, WE, Kaelber, CT, Schatzberg, AF (1998). Prevalence of anxiety disorders and their comorbidity with mood and addictive disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry 173 (Suppl. 34), 24–28.
Somers, JM, Goldner, EM, Waraich, P, Hsu, L (2006). Prevalence and incidence studies of anxiety disorders: a systematic review of the literature. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 51, 100–113.
Steel, Z, Chey, T, Silove, D, Marnane, C, Bryant, RA, van Ommeren, M (2009 a). Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes among populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association 302, 537–549.
Steel, Z, Silove, D, Giao, NM, Phan, TT, Chey, T, Whelan, A, Bauman, A, Bryant, RA (2009 b). International and indigenous diagnoses of mental disorder among Vietnamese living in Vietnam and Australia. British Journal of Psychiatry 194, 326–333.
Stein, DJ, Williams, SL, Jackson, PB, Seedat, S, Myer, L, Herman, A, Williams, DR (2009). Perpetration of gross human rights violations in South Africa: association with psychiatric disorders. South African Medical Journal 99, 390–395.
Stroup, DF, Berlin, JA, Morton, SC, Olkin, I, Williamson, GD, Rennie, D, Moher, D, Becker, BJ, Sipe, TA, Thacker, SB (2000). Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology: a proposal for reporting. Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) group. Journal of the American Medical Association 283, 2008–2012.
Tanios, CY, Abou-Saleh, MT, Karam, AN, Salamoun, MM, Mneimneh, ZN, Karam, EG (2009). The epidemiology of anxiety disorders in the Arab world: a review. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 23, 409–419.
Thompson, SG, Sharp, SJ (1999). Explaining heterogeneity in meta-analysis: a comparison of methods. Statistics in Medicine 18, 2693–2708.
United Nations Development Programme (2010). The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development. Human Development Report 2010. Palgrave Macmillan: New York.
Ventevogel, P, De Vries, G, Scholte, WF, Shinwari, NR, Faiz, H, Nassery, R, van den Brink, W, Olff, M (2007). Properties of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) and the Self-reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) as screening instruments used in primary care in Afghanistan. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 42, 328–335.
Vorcaro, CMR, Rocha, FL, Uchoa, E, Lima-Costa, MF (2004). The burden of social phobia in a Brazilian community and its relationship with socioeconomic circumstances, health status and use of health services: The Bambui study. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 50, 216–226.
Weiller, E, Bisserbe, JC, Maier, E (1998). Prevalence and recognition of anxiety syndromes in five European primary care settings. A report from the WHO study on Psychological Problems in General Health Care. British Journal of Psychiatry Supplement 34, 18–23.
Weissman, MM (1988). The epidemiology of anxiety disorders: rates, risks and familial patterns. Journal of Psychiatric Research 22 (Suppl. 1), 99–114.
World Health Organization (2000). Cross-national comparisons of the prevalences and correlates of mental disorders. WHO International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 78, 413–426.
World Mental Health Survey Consortium (2008). Unpublished data provided by the World Mental Health Survey (WMHS) Consortium, December 2008 (http://www.hcp.med.harvard.edu/wmh/). Accessed June 2008.