Abramovitch, A, Abramowitz, JS and Mittelman, A (2013) The neuropsychology of adult obsessive-compulsive disorder: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review 33, 1163–1171.
Abramovitch, A, Abramowitz, JS, Mittelman, A, Stark, A, Ramsey, K and Geller, DA (2015) Research review: neuropsychological test performance in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder – a meta-analysis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 56, 837–847.
Andrés, S, Boget, T, Lázaro, L, Penadés, R, Morer, A, Salamero, M et al. (2007). Neuropsychological performance in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder and influence of clinical variables. Biological Psychiatry 61, 946–951.
Andrés, S, Lázaro, L, Salamero, M, Boget, T, Penadés, R and Castro-Fornieles, J (2008) Changes in cognitive dysfunction in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder after treatment. Journal of Psychiatric Research 42, 507–514.
Beck, JS, Beck, AT, Jolly, JB and Steer, RA (2005) Beck Youth Inventories – Second Edition for Children and Adolescents. NCS Pearson, Inc.: San Antonio, TX.
Beers, SR, Rosenberg, DR, Dick, EL, Williams, T, O'Hearn, KM, Birmaher, B et al. (1999) Neuropsychological study of frontal lobe function in psychotropic-naive children with obsessive-compulsive disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry 156, 777–779.
Britton, JC, Rauch, SL, Rosso, IM, Killgore, WDS, Price, LM, Ragan, J et al. (2010) Cognitive inflexibility and frontal-cortical activation in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 49, 944–953.
Chamberlain, SR, Fineberg, NA, Menzies, LA, Blackwell, AD, Bullmore, ET, Robbins, TW et al. (2007) Impaired cognitive flexibility and motor inhibition in unaffected first-degree relatives of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 164, 335–338.
Chang, SW, McCracken, JT and Piacentini, JC (2007). Neurocognitive correlates of child obsessive compulsive disorder and Tourette syndrome. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 29, 724–733.
de Wit, S and Dickinson, A (2009) Associative theories of goal-directed behaviour: a case for animal-human translational models. Psychological Research 73, 463–476.
de Wit, S, Watson, P, Harsay, HA, Cohen, MX, van de Vijver, I and Ridderinkhof, KR (2012) Corticostriatal connectivity underlies individual differences in the balance between habitual and goal-directed action control. The Journal of Neuroscience 32, 12066–12075.
Downes, JJ, Roberts, AC, Sahakian, BJ, Evenden, JL, Morris, RG and Robbins, TW (1989) Impaired extra-dimensional shift performance in medicated and unmedicated Parkinson's disease: evidence for a specific attentional dysfunction. Neuropsychologia 27, 1329–1343.
Engel de Abreu, PMJ, Abreu, N, Nikaedo, CC, Puglisi, ML, Tourinho, CJ, Miranda, MC et al. (2014) Executive functioning and reading achievement in school: a study of Brazilian children assessed by their teachers as ‘poor readers’. Frontiers in Psychology 5, 550.
Estevez, AF, Fuentes, LJ, Mari-Beffa, P, Gonzalez, C and Alvarez, D (2001) The differential outcome effect as a useful tool to improve conditional discrimination learning in children. Learning and Motivation 32, 48–64.
Flessner, CA, Allgair, A, Garcia, A, Freeman, J, Sapyta, J, Franklin, ME et al. (2010) The impact of neuropsychological functioning on treatment outcome in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Depression and Anxiety 27, 365–371.
Foa, EB, Huppert, JD, Leiberg, S, Langner, R, Kichic, R, Hajcak, G et al. (2002) The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory: development and validation of a short version. Psychological Assessment 14, 485–496.
Gathercole, SE and Pickering, SJ (2000) Working memory deficits in children with low achievements in the national curriculum at 7 years of age. The British Journal of Educational Psychology 70, 177–194.
Gathercole, SE, Pickering, SJ, Knight, C and Stegmann, Z (2004) Working memory skills and educational attainment: evidence from national curriculum assessments at 7 and 14 years of age. Applied Cognitive Psychology 18, 1–16.
Geller, DA, Abramovitch, A, Mittelman, A, Stark, A, Ramsey, K, Cooperman, A et al. (2017) Neurocognitive function in paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry 1–10. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28090807.
Geller, DA, Biederman, J, Faraone, S, Agranat, A, Cradock, K, Hagermoser, L et al. (2001) Developmental aspects of obsessive compulsive disorder: findings in children, adolescents, and adults. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 189, 471–477.
Gillan, CM, Papmeyer, M, Morein-Zamir, S, Sahakian, BJ, Fineberg, NA, Robbins, TW et al. (2011) Disruption in the balance between goal-directed behavior and habit learning in obsessive-compulsive disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 168, 718–726.
Gillan, CM and Robbins, TW (2014) Goal-directed learning and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 369, 20130475–20130475.
Gruner, P, Vo, A, Ikuta, T, Mahon, K, Peters, BD, Malhotra, AK et al. (2012) White matter abnormalities in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology 37, 2730–2739.
Huyser, C, Veltman, DJ, Wolters, LH, De Haan, E and Boer, F (2010) Functional magnetic resonance imaging during planning before and after cognitive-behavioral therapy in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 49, 1238–1248.e5.
Hybel, KA, Mortensen, EL, Lambek, R, Thastum, M and Thomsen, PH (2017) Cool and hot aspects of executive function in childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 45, 1195–1205.
Isik Taner, Y, Erdogan Bakar, E and Oner, O (2011) Impaired executive functions in paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. Acta Neuropsychiatrica 23, 272–281.
Kodaira, M, Iwadare, Y, Ushijima, H, Oiji, A, Kato, M, Sugiyama, N et al. (2012) Poor performance on the Iowa gambling task in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Annals of General Psychiatry 11, 25.
Lewin, AB, Larson, MJ, Park, JM, McGuire, JF, Murphy, TK and Storch, EA (2014) Neuropsychological functioning in youth with obsessive compulsive disorder: an examination of executive function and memory impairment. Psychiatry Research 216, 108–115.
Micali, N, Heyman, I, Perez, M, Hilton, K, Nakatani, E, Turner, C et al. (2010) Long-term outcomes of obsessive-compulsive disorder: follow-up of 142 children and adolescents. British Journal of Psychiatry 197, 128–134.
Morein-Zamir, S, Craig, KJ, Ersche, KD, Abbott, S, Muller, U, Fineberg, NA et al. (2010) Impaired visuospatial associative memory and attention in obsessive compulsive disorder but no evidence for differential dopaminergic modulation. Psychopharmacology 212, 357–367.
Nedeljkovic, M and Kyrios, M (2007) Confidence in memory and other cognitive processes in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy 45, 2899–2914.
Ornstein, TJ, Arnold, P, Manassis, K, Mendlowitz, S and Schachar, R (2010) Neuropsychological performance in childhood OCD: a preliminary study. Depression and Anxiety 27, 372–380.
Otto, AR, Gershman, SJ, Markman, AB and Daw, ND (2013 a). The curse of planning: dissecting multiple reinforcement-learning systems by taxing the central executive. Psychological Science 24, 751–761.
Otto, AR, Raio, CM, Chiang, A, Phelps, EA and Daw, ND (2013 b). Working-memory capacity protects model-based learning from stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110, 20941–20946.
Peris, TS, Rozenman, M, Bergman, RL, Chang, S, O'Neill, J and Piacentini, J (2017) Developmental and clinical predictors of comorbidity for youth with obsessive compulsive disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research 93, 72–78.
Piacentini, J, Bergman, RL, Keller, M and McCracken, J (2003) Functional impairment in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 13, 61–69.10.1089/104454603322126359
Purcell, R, Maruff, P, Kyrios, M and Pantelis, C (1998) Neuropsychological deficits in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry 55, 415–423.
Rasmussen, SA and Eisen, JL (1989) Clinical features and phenomenology of obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatric Annals 19, 67–73.
Rubia, K, Cubillo, A, Woolley, J, Brammer, MJ and Smith, A (2011) Disorder-specific dysfunctions in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder compared to patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder during interference inhibition and attention allocation. Human Brain Mapping 32, 601–611.
Russ, SJ, Herbert, J, Cooper, P, Gunnar, MR, Goodyer, I, Croudace, T et al. (2012) Cortisol levels in response to starting school in children at increased risk for social phobia. Psychoneuroendocrinology 37, 462–474.
Sahakian, BJ, Morris, RG, Evenden, JL, Heald, A, Levy, R, Philpot, M et al. (1988) A comparative study of visuospatial memory and learning in Alzheimer-type dementia and Parkinson's disease. Brain 111, 695–718.
Scahill, L, Riddle, MA, McSwiggin-Hardin, M, Ort, SI, King, RA, Goodman, WK et al. (1997) Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale: reliability and validity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 36, 844–852.
Schwabe, L and Wolf, OT (2011) Stress-induced modulation of instrumental behavior: from goal-directed to habitual control of action. Behavioural Brain Research 219, 321–328.
Sheehan, DV, Lecrubier, Y, Sheehan, KH, Amorim, P, Janavs, J, Weiller, E, Hergueta, T, Baker, R and Dunbar, GC (1998) The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): The development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 59, 22–33.
Sheehan, DV, Sheehan, KH, Shytle, RD, Janavs, J, Bannon, Y, Rogers, JE, Milo, KM, Stock, SL and Wilkinson, B (2010) Reliability and validity of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID). The Journal of clinical psychiatry 71, 313–326.10.4088/JCP.09m05305whi
Shin, M-S, Choi, H, Kim, H, Hwang, J-W, Kim, B-N and Cho, S-C (2008) A study of neuropsychological deficit in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder. European Psychiatry 23, 512–520.
Storch, EA, Milsom, VA, Merlo, LJ, Larson, M, Geffken, GR, Jacob, ML et al. (2008) Insight in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: associations with clinical presentation. Psychiatry Research 160, 212–220.
Tolin, DF, Abramowitz, JS, Brigidi, BD, Amir, N, Street, GP and Foa, EB (2001) Memory and memory confidence in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy 39, 913–927.
Trapold, MA (1970) Are expectancies based upon different positive reinforcing events discriminably different? Learning and Motivation 1, 129–140.
van Grootheest, DS, Cath, DC, Beekman, AT and Boomsma, DI (2005) Twin studies on obsessive-compulsive disorder: a review. Twin Research and Human Genetics 8, 450–458.
Wechsler, D (1999) Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. 2nd ed. San Antonio, TX: TP Corporation.
Wolf, OT (2009) Stress and memory in humans: twelve years of progress? Brain Research 1293, 142–154.
Worbe, Y, Savulich, G, de Wit, S, Fernandez-Egea, E and Robbins, TW (2015) Tryptophan depletion promotes habitual over goal-directed control of appetitive responding in humans. The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 18, pyv013.
Yeniad, N, Malda, M, Mesman, J, van IJzendoorn, MH and Pieper, S (2013) Shifting ability predicts math and reading performance in children: a meta-analytical study. Learning and Individual Differences 23, 1–9.
Zandt, F, Prior, M and Kyrios, M (2009) Similarities and differences between children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and those with obsessive compulsive disorder. Autism 13, 43–57.
Zitterl, W, Urban, C, Linzmayer, L, Aigner, M, Demal, U, Semler, B et al. (2001) Memory deficits in patients with DSM-IV obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychopathology 34, 113–117.