Bridges, K, Goldberg, D, Evans, B, Sharpe, T (1991). Determinants of somatization in primary care. Psychological Medicine 21, 473–483.
Browne, GB, Humphrey, B, Pallister, R, Browne, JA, Shetzer, L (1982). Prevalence and characteristics of frequent attenders in a prepaid Canadian family practice. Journal of Family Practice 14, 63–71.
Ciechanowski, PS, Walker, EA, Katon, WJ, Russo, JE (2002). Attachment theory: a model for health care utilization and somatization. Psychosomatic Medicine 64, 660–667.
Cook, TD (2002). Advanced statistics: up with odds ratios! A case for odds ratios when outcomes are common. Academic Emergency Medicine 9, 1430–1434.
Corney, R, Murray, J (1988). The characteristics of high and low attenders at two general practices. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 23, 39–48.
Craig, TK, Boardman, AP, Mills, K, Daly-Jones, O, Drake, H (1993). The South London Somatisation Study. I: Longitudinal course and the influence of early life experiences. British Journal of Psychiatry 163, 579–588.
Craig, TK, Drake, H, Mills, K, Boardman, AP (1994). The South London Somatisation Study. II. Influence of stressful life events and secondary gain. British Journal of Psychiatry 165, 248–258.
De Waal, M, Arnold, I, Eekhof, J (2004). Somatoform disorders in general practice: prevalence, functional impairment and comorbidity with anxiety and depressive disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry 184, 470–476.
Derogatis, LR, Melisaratos, N (1983). The Brief Symptom Inventory: an introductory report. Psychological Medicine 13, 596–605.
Gittleman, MG, Klein, MH, Smidler, NA, Essex, M (1998). Recollections of parental behaviour, adult attatchment and mental health: mediating and moderating effects. Psychological Medicine 28, 1443–1455.
Goldberg, D, Williams, P (1988). A User's Guide to the General Health Questionnaire. NFER-Nelson: Windsor.
Goldberg, DP, Bridges, K (1988). Somatic presentations of psychiatric illness in primary care setting. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 32, 137–144.
Hahn, SR, Kroenke, K, Spitzer, RL, Brody, D, Williams, JB, Linzer, M, deGruy, FV 3rd (1996). The difficult patient: prevalence, psychopathology, and functional impairment. Journal of General Internal Medicine 11, 1–8.
Hanel, G, Henningsen, P, Herzog, W, Sauer, N, Schaefert, R, Szecsenyi, J, Löwe, B (2009). Depression, anxiety, and somatoform disorders: vague or distinct categories in primary care? Results from a large cross-sectional study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 67, 189–197.
Hazan, C, Shaver, P (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 52, 511–524.
Heywood, PL, Blackie, GC, Cameron, IH, Dowell, AC (1998). An assessment of the attributes of frequent attenders to general practice. Journal of Family Practice 15, 198–204.
Hunter, JJ, Maunder, RG (2001). Using attachment theory to understand illness behaviour. General Hospital Psychiatry 23, 177–182.
Jenkinson, C, Layte, R, Wright, L, Coulter, A (1996). The U.K. SF-36: An Analysis and Interpretation Manual. Health Services Research Unit: Oxford.
Jyvasjarvi, S, Joukamaa, M, Vaisanen, E, Larivaara, P, Kivelä, S, Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, S (2001). Somatizing frequent attenders in primary health care. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 50, 185–192.
Karlsson, H, Joukamaa, M, Lahti, I (1997). Frequent attender profiles: different clinical subgroups among frequent attender patients in primary care. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 42, 157–166.
Karlsson, H, Lehtinen, V, Joukamaa, M (1994). Frequent attenders of Finnish public primary health care: sociodemographic characteristics and physical morbidity. Journal of Family Practice 11, 424–430.
Karlsson, H, Lehtinen, V, Joukamaa, M (1995). Are frequent attenders of primary health care distressed? Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care 13, 32–38.
Katon, W, Von Korff, M, Lin, E, Lipscomb, P, Russo, J, Wagner, E, Polk, E (1990). Distressed high utilizers of medical care. DSM-III-R diagnoses and treatment needs. General Hospital Psychiatry 12, 355–362.
Lin, EH, Katon, W, Von Korff, M, Bush, T, Lipscomb, P, Russo, J, Wagner, E (1991). Frustrating patients: physician and patient perspectives among distressed high users of medical services. Journal of General Internal Medicine 6, 241–246.
Lloyd, KR, Jacob, KS, Patel, V, St Louis, L, Bhugra, D, Mann, AH (1998). The development of the Short Explanatory Model Interview (SEMI) and its use among primary-care attenders with common mental disorders. Psychological Medicine 28, 1231–1237.
Maunder, RG, Hunter, JJ (2001). Attachment and psychosomatic medicine: developmental contributions to stress and disease. Psychosomatic Medicine 63, 556–567.
McCormick, A, Fleming, D, Charlton, J (1995). Morbidity Statistics from General Practice: Fourth National Study 1991–1992, pp. 24–31. HMSO: London.
Mickelson, KD, Kessler, RC, Shaver, PR (1997). Adult attachment in a nationally representative sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 73, 1092–1106.
Morriss, R, Gask, L, Ronalds, C, Downes-Grainger, E, Thompson, H, Leese, B, Goldberg, D (1998). Cost-effectiveness of a new treatment for somatized mental disorder taught to GPs. Family Practice 15, 119–125.
Portegijs, PJ, van der Horst, FG, Proot, IM, Kraan, HF, Gunther, NC, Knottnerus, JA (1996). Somatization in frequent attenders of general practice. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 31, 29–37.
Robinson, JO, Granfield, AJ (1986). The frequent consulter in primary medical care. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 30, 589–600.
Scaife, B, Gill, P, Heywood, P, Neal, R (2000). Socio-economic characteristics of adult frequent attenders in general practice: secondary analysis of data. Family Practice 17, 298–304.
Stein, H, Jacobs, NJ, Ferguson, KS, Allen, JG, Fonagy, P (1998). What do adult attachment scales measure? Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic 62, 33–82.
Taylor, RE, Mann, AH (1999). Somatisation in primary care. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 47, 61–66.
Taylor, RE, Mann, AH, White, NJ, Goldberg, DP (2000). Attachment style in patients with unexplained physical complaints. Psychological Medicine 30, 931–941.
Thompson, D, Ciechanowski, PS (2003). Attaching a new understanding to the patient–physician relationship in family practice. Journal of the American Board of Family Practice 16, 219–226.