Andresen, EM, Malmgren, JA, Carter, WB, Patrick, DL (1994). Screening for depression in well older adults: evaluation of a short form of the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale). American Journal of Preventive Medicine 10, 77–84.
Begg, SJ, Vos, T, Barker, B, Stevenson, C, Stanley, L, Lopez, AD (2007). The Burden of Disease and Injury in Australia 2003. AIHW: Canberra.
Berwick, DM, Murphy, JM, Goldman, PA, Ware, JE, Barsky, AJ, Weinstein, MC (1991). Performance of a 5-item mental health screening test. Medical Care 29, 169–176.
Boden, JM, Fergusson, DM, Horwood, LJ (2010). Cigarette smoking and depression: tests of causal linkages using a longitudinal birth cohort. British Journal of Psychiatry 196, 440–446.
Bolam, B, West, R, Gunnell, D (2011). Does smoking cessation cause depression and anxiety? Findings from the ATTEMPT Cohort. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 13, 209–214.
Breslau, N (1985). Depressive symptoms, major depression, and generalized anxiety: a comparison of self-reports on CES-D and results from diagnostic interviews. Psychiatry Research 15, 219–229.
Breslau, N, Johnson, EO (2000). Predicting smoking cessation and major depression in nicotine-dependent smokers. American Journal of Public Health 90, 1122–1127.
Breslau, N, Kilbey, MM, Andreski, P (1993). Nicotine dependence and major depression. New evidence from a prospective investigation. Archives of General Psychiatry 50, 31–35.
Breslau, N, Peterson, EL, Schultz, LR, Chilcoat, HD, Andreski, P (1998). Major depression and stages of smoking: a longitudinal investigation. Archives of General Psychiatry 55, 161–166.
Caracciolo, B, Giaquinto, S (2002). Criterion validity of the center for epidemiological studies depression (CES-D) scale in a sample of rehabilitation inpatients. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 34, 221–225.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). 2001. Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Office on Smoking and Health (US): Atlanta, GA.
Fergusson, DM, Goodwin, RD, Horwood, LJ (2003). Major depression and cigarette smoking: results of a 21-year longitudinal study. Psychological Medicine 33, 1357–1367.
Floyd, AH, Westmaas, JL, Targhetta, V, Moyer, A (2009). Depressive symptoms and smokers' perceptions of lung cancer risk: moderating effects of tobacco dependence. Addictive Behaviors 34, 154–163.
Gartner, CE, Barendregt, JJ, Hall, WD (2009). Predicting the future prevalence of cigarette smoking in Australia: how low can we go and by when? Tobacco Control 18, 183–189.
Gartner, CE, Hall, WD (2009). Australia. In Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior (ed. Korsmeyer, P. and Kranzler, H. R.). Macmillan Reference USA: New York.
Grant, BF, Hasin, DS, Stinson, FS, Dawson, DA, June Ruan, W, Goldstein, RB, Smith, SM, Saha, TD, Huang, B (2005). Prevalence, correlates, co-morbidity, and comparative disability of DSM-IV generalized anxiety disorder in the USA: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Psychological Medicine 35, 1747–1759.
Haringsma, R, Engels, GI, Beekman, AT, Spinhoven, P (2004). The criterion validity of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in a sample of self-referred elders with depressive symptomatology. International Journal of Geriatrric Psychiatry 19, 558–563.
Henderson, AS, Jorm, AF, Korten, AE, Jacomb, P, Christensen, H, Rodgers, B (1998). Symptoms of depression and anxiety during adult life: evidence for a decline in prevalence with age. Psychological Medicine 28, 1321–1328.
Holahan, CK, Holahan, CJ, Powers, DA, Hayes, RB, Marti, CN, Ockene, JK (2011). Depressive symptoms and smoking in middle-aged and older women. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 13, 722–731.
Huppert, FA, Whittington, JE (1995). Symptoms of psychological distress predict 7-year mortality. Psychological Medicine 25, 1073–1086.
Jarvis, MJ (2004). Why people smoke. British Medical Journal 328, 277–279.
Jorm, AF (2000). Does old age reduce the risk of anxiety and depression? A review of epidemiological studies across the adult life span. Psychological Medicine 30, 11–22.
Kline, J, Stein, Z, Susser, M (1989). Conception to Birth: Epidemiology of Prenatal Development. Oxford University Press: New York.
Korhonen, T, Broms, U, Varjonen, J, Romanov, K, Koskenvuo, M, Kinnunen, T, Kaprio, J (2007). Smoking behaviour as a predictor of depression among Finnish men and women: a prospective cohort study of adult twins. Psychological Medicine 37, 705–715.
Lee, C, Dobson, AJ, Brown, WJ, Bryson, L, Byles, J, Warner-Smith, P, Young, AF (2005). Cohort profile: the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. International Journal of Epidemiology 34, 987–991.
Leung, J, Gartner, C, Dobson, A, Lucke, J, Hall, W (2010). Psychological distress is associated with tobacco smoking and quitting behaviour in the Australian population: evidence from national cross-sectional surveys. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 45, 170–178.
Lopez, AD, Mathers, CD, Ezzati, M, Jamison, DT, Murray, CJ (2006). Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data. Lancet 367, 1747–1757.
Mathews, R, Hall, WD, Gartner, CE (2010). Is there evidence of ‘hardening’ among Australian smokers between 1997 and 2007? Analyses of the Australian National Surveys of Mental Health and Well-Being. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 44, 1132–1136.
McNeill, A (2001). Smoking and Mental Health: A Review of the Literature. Smokefree London Programme: London.
Park, ER, Chang, Y, Quinn, V, Regan, S, Cohen, L, Viguera, A, Psaros, C, Ross, K, Rigotti, N (2009). The association of depressive, anxiety, and stress symptoms and postpartum relapse to smoking: a longitudinal study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 11, 707–714.
Pasco, JA, Williams, LJ, Jacka, FN, Ng, F, Henry, MJ, Nicholson, GC, Kotowicz, MA (2008). Tobacco smoking as a risk factor for major depressive disorder: population-based study. The British Journal of Psychiatry 193, 322–326.
Radloff, LS (1977). The CES-D: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement 1, 385–401.
Ragg, M, Ahmed, T (2008). Smoke and Mirrors: A Review of the Literature on Smoking and Mental Illness. Cancer Council NSW: Sydney.
Rasul, F, Stansfeld, SA, Smith, GD, Shlomo, YB, Gallacher, J (2007). Psychological distress, physical illness and risk of myocardial infarction in the Caerphilly study. Psychological Medicine 37, 1305–1313.
Silveira, E, Taft, C, Sundh, V, Waern, M, Palsson, S, Steen, B (2005). Performance of the SF-36 Health Survey in screening for depressive and anxiety disorders in an elderly female Swedish population. Quality of Life Research 6, 1263–1274.
Stahl, D, Sum, CF, Lum, SS, Liow, PH, Chan, YH, Verma, S, Chua, HC, Chong, SA (2008). Screening for depressive symptoms: validation of the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale (CES-D) in a multiethnic group of patients with diabetes in Singapore. Diabetes Care 31, 1118–1119.
Torres, LD, Barrera, AZ, Delucchi, K, Penilla, C, Perez-Stable, EJ, Munoz, RF (2010). Quitting smoking does not increase the risk of major depressive episodes among users of Internet smoking cessation interventions. Psychological Medicine 40, 441–449.
Ware, Jr. JE, Sherbourne, CD (1992). The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Medical Care 30, 473–483.
Windle, M, Windle, RC (2001). Depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking among middle adolescents: prospective associations and intrapersonal and interpersonal influences. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 69, 215–226.